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Chapter 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 4

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  1. Chapter 4 Slavery and Empire

  2. People • OlaudahEquiano • John Hawkins • Venture Smith • King Dom Affonso of the Kongo • John Castor • Anthony Johnson • Elizabeth Lucas Pinckney • James Edward Oglethorpe • John Woolman • Creoles • Adam Smith • Robert Walpole • Sally Hemings • Anne Dandridge

  3. Events • Yamasee War • Spain converts Florida into a haven for escaped slaves • Natchez Rebellion • Slave revolt of 1762 • New York • Cheseapeake rebellion of 1730 • Queen Anne’s War • War of the Spanish Succession • War of Jenkins’s Ear • King George’s War • War of the Austrian Succession

  4. Places • Georgia • Transition from poor farmers to plantation owners • Caribbean • Hispaniola • St. Dominique (Haiti) • Cuba • Jamaica • Puerto Rico • Lesser Antilles • Niger River • Timbuktu • Charleston • South Carolina • “settlement and slavery went hand in hand” • New Orleans • Louisiana

  5. Terms • “country born” • “saltwater” • Royal African Company • “barracoons” • “Middle Passage” • Trading Triangle • England to Africa to America to England • Slave auctions • society with slaves • slave society • slave codes • Maroons • mercantilism • Navigation Acts • Wool, Hat, and Iron Acts • “commodity money” • salutary neglect • “first families of Virginia”

  6. Concepts • Change of colonial status • Charter to Crown (Royal) • Rise of plantation economy • Rice • Sugar (Mediterranean Region) • Tobacco • indigo • Codification of slave laws • Cultural heritage of slavery • Art • Woodworking • Iron making • weaving • Music • Christian conscience • Muslims and Africans were not counted • Cause and effect of treatment of indigenous populations and use of African slaves • Europe turns its eyes towards the Caribbean • Sugar • Slavery in different cultures • Venice and Genoa • France, England, Portugal, Spain, and the Netherlands • African • Changes in European dominance of trade • Portugal to Holland • Holland to England • Atlantic slave trade and its effect on Africa • Paved way for imperialism and colonialism in 19th century • Treatment of slaves by different European powers • Household slavery vs. plantation slavery

  7. Concepts • Slavery’s acceptance throughout the colonies • Slave families and the development of African American culture • Names • Kinship • Shared experience brought togetherness • Funerary rites • Dancing and music • Language • Slave owner fears and its impact • Africanization of the South • Cultural exchanges were a two way street • Medicine • Food • Art • Dancing and music • “Brute force and violence” • Whippings • Slave resistance • Escape for slaves • The effectsof slave revolts • Acculturation meant less revolutions

  8. Concepts • Slavery’s impact on the economy • Less diversification meant less industrialization • How does this connect to future issues between North and South? • Great Britain • Enormous profits • Growth of banks and insurance companies, internal improvements • Raw materials for industrial revolution • Cotton • Economic issues and warfare • competition among European nations started wars that spilled into the Americas • Southern Colonial wars and slavery • Economic issues in the British Colonies • Lack of single monetary system • No Banks • No tariffs

  9. Concepts • Impact of salutary neglect on colonial economy and identity • Slavery’s impact on white culture • Gender roles • Status of a child came from the mother

  10. Statistics • African slaves are the largest forced migration in the history of the world • 6:1 ratio prior to the 19th century of African slaves to European immigrants • 10-12 million individuals will be transported across the Atlantic • 2:1 ratio of men to women • 1:6 Africans will die during Middle Passage