Cholera. Louie and Yuki. Image. http:// www.humenhealth.com /cholera. Symptoms . Abdominal cramps Dry mucus membranes or mouth Dry skin Excessive thirst Glassy or sunken eyes Lack of tears Lethargy Low urine output Nausea Rapid dehydration Rapid pulse (heart rate)
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Louie and Yuki
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- Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus
The epidemic of SARS appears to have started in Guangdong Province, China in November 2002.
Julia & Nati
You can make choices to lower your risk for contracting vCJD from contaminated beef:
Eat poultry and fish, or choose a vegetarian diet.
Avoid beef products that may contain bits of spinal cord or brain tissue. These include ground beef, sausage, and hot dogs. Solid pieces of muscle meat are less likely to be contaminated. Bone-in cuts such as a T-bone steak and intestine are more risky.
If traveling to countries where BSE has been detected, such as the United Kingdom, Europe, Portugal, and Spain, don’t eat beef. Avoid having a blood transfusion overseas.
Milk and milk products are not thought to be affected or a means of transmittal.
Infected adult cattle may develop signs of the disease slowly. It may take from 2 to 8 years from the time an animal becomes infected until it first shows signs of disease. Symptoms in the animal include a change in attitude and behavior, gradual uncoordinated movements, trouble standing and walking, weight loss despite having an appetite, and decreased milk production. Eventually the animal dies. From the onset of symptoms, the animal deteriorates until it either dies or is destroyed (cattle who cannot stand are called “downers”). This disease process may take from 2 weeks to 6 months.
Similar symptoms may develop in humans: muscle spasms, lack of muscle control, worsening problems with memory.
Researchers looked at the first 100 people to develop vCJD in the United Kingdom and found psychiatric symptoms in early stages of the disease. These included depression, withdrawal, anxiety, and trouble sleeping. Within 4 months of the disease onset, those affected developed poor memory and an unsteady gait.
"Mad Cow Disease and Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease." Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <http://www.emedicinehealth.com/mad_cow_disease_and_variant_creutzfeldt-jakob_dis/article_em.htm>.