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Overview: Planning to achieve. Tyrone Toole Aberor Dachwan Budiadi. Program and Workshop Activities. Opening and Project Overview. 1. Planning to achieve & NTB planning activities. 2. Benefits of a strengthened road maintenance policy. 3. Maintenance delivery capacity & options.

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Overview: Planning to achieve

Tyrone Toole

Aberor Dachwan


Program and Workshop Activities

Opening and Project Overview

1. Planning to achieve & NTB planning activities

2. Benefits of a strengthened road maintenance policy

3. Maintenance delivery capacity & options

4. Output-based road maintenance

5. Output-based funding of roads


Activity 1


Activity 2


Activity 3

Panel feedback

Way Forward



The Management Cycle

Policy Research



Public reporting


  • Highway Management Information
  • Inventory
  • Condition
  • Resources
  • Treatments
  • Productivity
  • Unit Costs
  • Economic data

Performance Monitoring

Classification & Standards




Needs Assessment

Service Provider



Finance & Resources


Project Preparation

have we sold the benefits outcomes to users
Have we sold the benefits &outcomes to users?

What can or should we do?

Are our standards appropriate?

Are our solutions appropriate?

Are our budgets sufficient?

What are the consequences on the network?

Lots of money – desirable standards

Less money

a change in focus
A change in focus

Increased recognition of the importance of an effective network

  • Delivering community benefits
  • As an engine for growth

Realisation of the disbenefits of a lack of action

  • Increased transport costs
  • Loss in asset value
  • Impacts on society

Treating roads as a business

  • Selection of viable investments
  • Setting performance goals
  • Choosing appropriate management and delivery arrangements
  • Implementing sustainable solutions
  • Ensuring sufficient and stable funding
  • Getting customer feedback

Performance audit

4. What level of funding would be required to address findings?

1. What condition should our roads be in?

Performance criteria & condition

Data issues

Program management

Project selection





Retained value

2. What is the actual condition of our Roads?

3. What is being done to address any gap?

Pavements, Configuration & Bridges

Linking policy and outcomes: Pathway to progress
  • Outputs & Outcomes
  • Performance
  • Accountability
  • Transparency
  • Commitment
  • Implementation
  • Delivery capacity
  • Enabling environment
  • Efficiency & effectiveness
  • Policy & Planning
  • Policy & objectives
  • Appropriate standards
  • Asset condition & use
  • Funding adequacy & predictability
  • Funding allocation
  • User engagement
  • Quality
Planning to achieve: Take home messages

Stated policy & supportive objectives

Comprehensive process with checks and balances

Realistic targets and pragmatic process

Published plans

Customer involvement


Effective feedback loop

Business improvement plans


NTB planning studies & situational analysis

Tyrone Toole

Aberor Dachwan


National and regional development objectives
  • Statements by the Government of Indonesia
  • Pro growth, Pro jobs, Pro poor, Pro environment
  • Corridor Connectivity agenda - addressing service bottlenecks -
    • Reduce price and service disparities
    • Accelerate poverty reduction
    • Enhance competitiveness
  • Statements by regional representatives
  • sustainable tourism, agriculture and fisheries
  • effective corridors
    • 500 km of key routes
    • Less unstable roads
  • Statements by development partners
Planning priorities & targets

Provincial roads in NTB

  • % stable roads from 46% to 72% by 2014
  • Lombok
    • Accessibility 40%
    • Mobility 60%.
  • Sumbawa
    • Accessibility 60%
    • Mobility for 40%.
  • Accessibility
    • minimum surface widths and surface type
    • no potholes, cracking or rutting
  • Mobility - target width 7m

Distribution of road roughness

  • 50% good or fair condition
  • significant disparities:
    • Lombok 26% unstable
      • 10% passable with difficulty
    • Sumbawa 65% unstable
      • 35% passable with difficulty

Distribution of road width

  • 45% by length below minimum target
    • 35% in Lombok
    • 60% in Sumbawa
  • 95% below desirable target
    • 87% in Lombok
    • 98% in Sumbawa
Road characteristics & condition: Phase 2

Widespread issues of a maintenance nature

  • Lack of effective asset preservation
  • Need to restore short lengths of failed sections
  • Absence or ineffective drainage system and crown height

Extensive lengths of poor surfaces

Impact on seasonal access and mobility.

Similar issues on P & K roads

Similar solutions would be appropriate


Traffic levels and composition

  • < 100 to > 5,000 light & commercial AADT
  • Motorcycles increase AADT by a factor of 3 or 4, and provide access and mobility
  • Traffic levels in Sumbawa 1/5th those in Lombok.
Current budgets and needs: Provincial Roads

* Includes Governor & DPRD agreed 3 year funding

Planning priorities and decision support: Phase 1

Community demands or political decisions.

Use of network data.

Lombok Tenggah does not use SK77, the reason being that:

The Kabupaten Parliament does not believe the guidelines are sufficiently aspirational, and not in line with the interests of the communities.

Main challenges in establishing sustainable road maintenance

The absence of clear directives , technical guidelines & effective coordination.

Maintenance and preservation activities not in keeping with community needs and aspirations.

Extensive lengths of very poor road conditions which impact accessibility and mobility.

Maintenance and asset preservation underfunded.

Little money for routine maintenance.

Serious mismatch between medium budgets.

Draft road maintenance policy statement

Systematic management

Better coordination forum and stakeholder engagements

Best practice technical guidelines and specifications.

Optimise funding allocations to roads and ensure their effective use

Example immediate actions

Governor and provincial and regency parliaments to:

  • allocate sufficient money
  • choose appropriate priorities
  • enforce guidelines and planning

DGH/Agents review and evaluate plans.

DGH updates and disseminates guidelines

Regional governments implement guidelines.