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Report about activities of ENSREG. Andrej Stritar Chairman of ENSREG Director of the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration 12. October 2009. Content. Nuclear Energy in Europe Nuclear Safety History Activities Nuclear Safety Radwaste Management Transparency Future.

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report about activities of ensreg

Report about activities of ENSREG

Andrej Stritar

Chairman of ENSREG

Director of the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration

12. October 2009

content
Content
  • Nuclear Energy in Europe
  • Nuclear Safety
  • History
  • Activities
    • Nuclear Safety
    • Radwaste Management
    • Transparency
  • Future
introductory facts
In European Union …

… there are almost 150 power reactors…

…in 15 EU member countries,

producing ~1/3 of all electricity in EU

We must keep them operating safe!

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Introductory Facts
assuring nuclear safety

StateSupervision

REGULATOR

  • G
  • G

IndependentMedia

PUBLIC

Worker

OPERATOR

InternalQuality Control

Assuring Nuclear Safety
system of operating limits

G

IAEA and other interna-tional standards

System of operating limits

Physical Safety Limits

EU Legal Framework

National Legal Framework

Licensed Limits for the Facility

Operating Procedures

regulation of nuclear safety and radwaste management in eu
Regulation of Nuclear Safety and Radwaste Management in EU
  • National responsibility
  • Nuclear Regulator in every nuclear EU state
  • National legislations are in line with international standards
  • EURATOM Treaty is not explicitly addressing nuclear safety
  • Until this summer there was no common EU legal framework
international framework
International Framework
  • Nuclear EU states are members to the
    • Convention on Nuclear Safety and
    • Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management
  • IAEA standards, codes and guides
  • OECD/NEA – enhancing co-operation
  • WENRA – voluntary common “standards” - reference levels

IAEA = International Atomic Energy Agency

OECD/NEA = Nuclear Energy Agency of OECD

WENRA = Western European Nuclear Regulators Association

developments leading to ensreg
Developments leading to ENSREG
  • First desires to set common nuclear safety framework almost a decade ago
  • EC attempt with two directives in 2003 failed
  • Years of discussions in the Council followed
  • In spring 2007 Council concluded and Commission decided to establish a High Level Group (HLG) on Nuclear Safety and Radwaste Management
ensreg consolidation
ENSREG consolidation
  • All 27 EU members designated top nuclear regulators into HLG, now ENSREG
  • First meeting in October 2007
  • Initial issues:
    • Relationship Member States – Commission
    • Decisions by consensus
    • Defining Rules of Procedure
    • Setting priorities of work
ensreg three main areas
ENSREG three main areas
  • Improving Nuclear Safety arrangements
  • Improving spent fuel, radioactive waste management and decommissioning arrangements
  • Improving arrangements for transparency
  • Three working groups established
nuclear safety possible eu instruments
Nuclear Safety:Possible EU Instruments
  • Expectations from ENSREG to advise
  • Very obvious division among the members of ENSREG

Pro:

  • EU should harmonize this area
  • EU rules prevent from potential deterioration in member states
  • Stakeholders wanted it

Contra:

  • Responsibility must remain national
  • National demands could be higher from EU
nuclear safety possible eu instruments 2
Nuclear Safety:Possible EU Instruments 2
  • Commission presented first draft of new Directive on 15. October 2008
  • Intensive discussions followed
  • ENSREG defined 10 basic principles
nuclear safety 10 basic principles
Nuclear Safety:10 Basic Principles
  • Maintain and seek to continuously improve nuclear safety and its regulation, and add value.
  • Just as every Member State has the right to decide to use nuclear power or not, so every Member State has the right to impose more stringent nuclear safety requirements than those commonly applied.
nuclear safety 10 basic principles cont
Nuclear Safety:10 Basic Principles – cont.
  • Allow flexibility and not fundamentally change a Member State’s national nuclear regulatory approach.
  • Seek to enhance, not reduce, the power, roles, responsibilities or capability of the national nuclear regulatory body.
  • Do not expand the role of the Commission in regulatory decision-making or activities or introduce other bodies
nuclear safety 10 basic principles cont1
Nuclear Safety:10 Basic Principles – cont.
  • Do not divert resources away from national nuclear regulatory responsibilities or international nuclear safety cooperation.
  • Be compliant with the principles/obligations of the Convention on Nuclear Safety.
  • Any proposals should be non-discriminatory towards those who use or do not use nuclear power.
nuclear safety 10 basic principles cont2
Nuclear Safety:10 Basic Principles – cont.
  • Seek to improve the transparency of nuclear safety and its regulation.
  • Be clear on the roles and responsibilities of any organisations involved.
  • These 10 principles were later reflected in the COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2009/71/EURATOM
nuclear safety use of irrs
Nuclear Safety:Use of IRRS
  • Member States should participate in IAEA IRRS
    • Self-evaluation ASAP
    • Invite colleagues from other EU members to participate
    • IRRS mission at least every 6 years
    • Compile all EU IRRS reports to establish common lessons learned

IRRS = Integrated Regulatory Review Service

nuclear safety use of the convention on nuclear safety
Nuclear Safety:Use of the Convention on Nuclear Safety
  • Contacting Parties must prepare a written report every three years
  • EU Member States should agree on common lessons learned
  • Human Resources and Safety Culture should be subject to more in-depth study
radioactive waste management
Radioactive Waste Management
  • National programmes should be established
  • Benchmarking and Peer Reviews
  • Use of Joint Convention results for common lessons learned
  • Support to the Council in passing the resolution about radioactive waste management
transparency
Transparency
  • Development of the EU Nuclear Safety Web site
    • Due by the end of 2009
  • Development of good practice guidance regarding transparency for nuclear regulators
future
Future
  • Continue with implementation of the programme
  • Play a role in implementation of the Nuclear Safety Directive
  • Advice EU bodies on potential future initiatives
  • Launch EU Nuclear Regulatory Conference
  • Flexibly respond to all relevant initiatives
my personal view s for the end
My personal views for the end
  • We have formal legal systems to maintain order,
  • but we are all real people, driven by our emotions and living in the real world.
  • We need to feel each other in order to understand each other and improve
  • ENSREG was a very positive step towards better understanding among everybody involved in nuclear safety and for future improvement
my personal view s for the end cont
My personal views for the end – cont.
  • EU Nuclear Regulators now know each other personally
  • We understand and respect each other
  • Commission knows us and understands us
  • We are all learning from each other and improving our national arrangements
my personal view s for the end cont1
My personal views for the end – cont.
  • ENSREG should remain a valuable platform for crucial think tank on EU level about nuclear safety issues
  • Responsibilities for nuclear safety must remain on national level in the hands of those, who live close to the nuclear facilities
  • Exchange of practices and ideas for continuous improvements must be encouraged