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Literal vs. Figurative Language. Computer Lab Instructions. Get a chair, sit down. You may choose your seat, but you will be moved if you talk. No warnings. Log in and open to Today – December 3, 2012.

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computer lab instructions
Computer Lab Instructions
  • Get a chair, sit down. You may choose your seat, but you will be moved if you talk. No warnings.
  • Log in and open to
today december 3 2012
Today – December 3, 2012
  • We will review figurative language.
  • We will preview the worksheets.
  • We will read the online article.
  • You will complete both worksheets and turn them in at the end of class for a classwork grade.
  • If you finish early, you may take the online quiz, print it and submit for extra credit.
if you are able to work together after reading
If you are able to work together after reading,
  • Stop talking and look to the front if you hear this sound.
literal vs figurative language1
Literal vs. Figurative Language
  • Literal language – the words mean what they say
  • Figurative language – words are used in an imaginative way to express ideas that are not literally true.
figurative language
Figurative Language
  • Writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally.
  • The many types of figurative language are known as figures of speech.
  • This includes metaphors, similes and personification.
  • Language shaped by imagination.
figurative language1
Figurative Language
  • Simile
    • A figure of speech that uses the words like, as, than, or resembles to compare things that have little or nothing in common.
    • Life is like a box of chocolates; you're never sure what you're gonna get.
figurative language2
Figurative Language
  • Metaphor
    • A comparison between unlike things in which some reasonable connection is instantly revealed. A metaphor is a more forceful version of a simile because like or as is dropped.
    • “I tear my heart open, I sew myself shut.”
    • “I have just boarded a plane, without a pilot And violets are blue, roses are red Daisies are yellow, the flowers are dead.”
mixed metaphor
Mixed Metaphor
  • is a succession of incongruous or ludicrous comparisons.
  • When two or more metaphors (or cliches) are jumbled together, often illogically, we say that these comparisons are "mixed."
mixed metaphor1
Mixed Metaphor
  • In Garner's Modern American Usage, Bryan A. Garner offers this classic example of a mixed metaphor from a speech by Boyle Roche in the Irish Parliament: "Mr. Speaker, I smell a rat. I see him floating in the air. But mark me, sir, I will nip him in the bud." This sort of mixed metaphor may occur when a speaker is so familiar with the figurative sense of a phrase ("smell a rat," "nip in the bud") that he fails to recognize the absurdity that results from a literal reading.
  • Attributing human qualities to nonhuman things or to an abstract idea.

The seasons played around his knees

Like Children round a sire

Grandfather of the days is he

Of dawn, the Ancestor

- Emily Dickinson

  • is just a big word for "exaggeration.“

As the Tilt-a-Whirl started spinning, Jackie held on tighter than a tick on a dog's ear.

literal vs figurative language2
Literal vs. Figurative Language
  • Note what happens when figurative language is taken literally.
find the figurative language
Find the figurative language
  • Write them down.
figurative language3
Figurative Language
  • Symbolism - The practice of using symbols.
  • Symbol - An object, setting, event, animal, or person that on one level is itself, but that has another meaning as well.
figurative language4
Figurative Language
  • For example, the American flag is really a piece of fabric with stars and stripes on it, but it also represents the United States and ideals like freedom, patriotism, and pride.
  • In a story or play, rain could be a symbol; the rain would really be rain, but it might also represent an idea like sadness or leaving the past behind.
watch video look for symbolism and other figurative language
Watch Video – Look for symbolism and other figurative language
into dark water
Go to: dark water
as you read look for figurative language
As you read, look for figurative language.
  • What words does the author use to describe the sky before the disaster? What feelings do these words evoke?
  • The sky was “brilliant,” and the stars “reminded Jack of diamonds.”
  • The description evokes hope, promise, excitement, happiness, etc.
as you read look for figurative language1
As you read, look for figurative language.
  • How does the author use imagery and symbolism to create a sharp contrast between the time before and after the ship begins to sink?
  • (Hint: Consider how she describes the water.)
  • After using images of light to symbolize life and establish a sense of promise and excitement, the author describes the water as black and cold, symbolizing death and evoking feelings of doom and fear.