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Afghanistan. Objectives. Identify Pakistan and Afghanistan on a blank map of Asia. Explain the importance of the Khyber Pass. Discuss the role of the Taliban in Afghanistan. Discuss the life of women under the Taliban. Compare Pakistan to Afghanistan.

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objectives

Objectives

  • Identify Pakistan and Afghanistan on a blank map of Asia.
  • Explain the importance of the Khyber Pass.
  • Discuss the role of the Taliban in Afghanistan.
  • Discuss the life of women under the Taliban.
  • Compare Pakistan to Afghanistan.
  • Name the source of illegal income that is widespread in Afghanistan.
terms and people

Terms and People

The Taliban is a group that took over Afghanistan and which was particularly brutal to women.

The Khyber Pass is a narrow gap in the mountains between Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan, a city ruined by war.

Reconstruction is the rebuilding after a war or other catastrophe.

Indus River is the great river of Pakistan.

slide4

Compare the elevation map at left with the temperature map below.

The mountains called the Hindu Kush form the backbone of Afghanistan. Most Afghans live in fertile valleys at the foot of the mountains, and not on the semiarid plains to the north or in the deserts to the south

slide5

Former Soviet Republics

In the 1970s, the Soviet Union tried to take over Afghanistan.

Iraq

The United States helped fund and arm the Afghanis against the Soviets.

Iran

Hindu Kush

Afghanistan

Pakistan

slide6

They allowed Osama bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian, to use Afghanistan as a base for his terrorist group, al Qaeda.

A group called the Taliban took over Afghanistan.

After his attack on New York City, the United States invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the Taliban government.

slide7

Women were horribly mistreated under the Taliban’s rule.

National Geographic published this famous photo of a girl in a refugee camp, fleeing the Taliban.

This girl had her nose cut off.

They had to wear clothing that covered their entire bodies.

She was able to have reconstructive surgery in the United States.

slide9

Women were not allowed to have jobs.

The men were supposed to work, but if women were widowed, they were forced to beg.

When the United States overthrew the Taliban, the lives of women began to improve.

slide11

The Taliban also destroyed works of art that they considered idols – many of them were extremely old.

slide13

On this map, the word “insurgency” means areas where the Taliban has regained some power.

Compare areas where the Taliban has power with the areas where poppies are grown. What possible connection is there?

Afghanistan is the greatest source of opium poppies in the world.

These poppies are used to make heroin, one of the world’s most dangerous drugs.

Export of heroin

slide14

What information does this chart give about Afghanistan?

How does Afghanistan compare to other Asian nations?

Examine this chart. What two factors does it compare?

slide15

16m

The population of Afghanistan is moderate for this region.

28m

5m

74m

5m

6m

73m

34m

Many people are concerned that the radical ideas of Afghanistan are migrating into Pakistan.

173m

The population of Pakistan is much higher.

slide16

Not only do the Iranian groups (brown) spill over into Pakistan, but the Turkic groups (purple and dark red) cross national borders into Afghanistan from Turkic nations to the north.

UZBEKISTAN

TAJIKISTAN

This concern is deepened because Iranian ethnic groups live in both – the areas where people live don’t match the national boundaries.

slide19

Pakistan is mostly desert, except where the Indus River flows.

The Indus River drains the ice and snow from the Himalayan Mountains and empties into the Arabian Sea.

The fertile Indus River valley contains most of the country’s agricultural areas as well as its hydroelectric power stations.

Most people in Pakistan live in farming villages along the Indus Valley.

Almost all Pakistanis are Muslims.

slide20

Please read “Pakistan: An Economy Based on Agriculture.” World Studies: Asia and the Pacific. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, 2005. Pg. 190.

And

“Warfare and Unrest in Afghanistan.” World Studies: Asia and the Pacific. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, 2005. Pg. 208-209.

slide23

Ethnic Groups

Both Pashtun and Tadjik are Persian-speaking people of Iranian origin.

Repeated invasions and migrations led to many ethnic groups living in Afghanistan.