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Afghanistan
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Afghanistan

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  1. Afghanistan

  2. Afghanistan Kabul

  3. Afghanistan Geography Afghanistan

  4. Afghanistan Geography

  5. Afghanistan Culture

  6. Afghanistan Culture • History of wars and internal conflicts. Predominantly Muslim— which means they follow the religion of Islam • One of poorest nations in the world-- • Major producer of opium

  7. Modern history-- overview 1980s: Soviet invasion and occupation Mujahideen groups formed 1989– Soviets leave (partly due to US intervention)

  8. 1980s: Soviet invasion and occupation Mujahideen groups formed Soviet Union Northern Alliance Kabul al-Qaeda Taliban Pakistan

  9. mujahideen Muslim “freedom fighters” or “holy warriors; ex: Taliban, al-Qaeda jihad Islam term for – struggle in the way of Allah; holy war

  10. 1980s: Soviet invasion and occupation 1989– Soviets leave (partly due to US intervention) Soviet Union Northern Alliance Kabul al-Qaeda Taliban Pakistan

  11. Modern history-- overview 1980s: Soviet invasion and occupation Mujahideen developed 1989– Soviets leave (partly due to US intervention) What have you heard here that you already knew? What was new to you? Finish this sentence: When I think of Afghanistan, I wonder….

  12. Modern history-- overview 1980s: Soviet invasion and occupation Mujahideen developed 1989– Soviets leave 1990s: Civil War Taliban dominates al-Qaeda becomes more aggressive

  13. 1990s: Civil War Taliban dominates bin Laden Massoud Northern Alliance Kabul al-Qaeda Taliban Pakistan Omar

  14. 1990s: Civil War Taliban dominates bin Laden Massoud Northern Alliance Taliban Kabul Al qaeda al-Qaeda Taliban Omar Pakistan

  15. Life under the Taliban • Restored some peace and allowed commerce to resume • Conditions in city were dirty with much unemployment • Strict Islamic Law enforced • Banned the production of opium, which was a major funding source for many of the mujahideen groups.

  16. Life under the Taliban • Public executions and floggings at soccer stadiums • Frivolous activities, like the popular kite-flying, were banned • Television, music, and internet were banned • Men required to wear beards

  17. Life under the Taliban • Women subjected to many rules • Girls forbidden to attend school; • Women could not work outside the home; could not leave home without a male relative; • Women had to wear “birka” • If caught wearing nail polish, fingers could be cut off

  18. Life under the Taliban

  19. 1990s: Civil War; Taliban dominates al-Qaeda becomes more aggressive al-Qaeda

  20. 1990s: Civil War; US and UN try to intervene

  21. 1990s: Civil War; US and UN try to intervene Northern Alliance Massoud Kabul Al qaeda Taliban Pakistan

  22. 1990s: Civil War 2001 Suicide Bombing Northern Alliance Massoud Kabul Al qaeda Taliban Pakistan

  23. Modern history-- overview 2001: The rise and fall of Taliban and al Qaeda al-Qaeda organizes attack on US, September 11,2001 Taliban refuses to help US find bin Laden; US attacks US and allies help to remove Taliban from power and install new government with chairman—HamidKarzai

  24. 2001: The rise, fall, and resurgence of Taliban and al Qaeda Al Qaeda organizes attack on US, September 11,2001 Kabul Al qaeda Northern Alliance Taliban Pakistan

  25. 2001: The rise, fall, and resurgence of Taliban and al Qaeda Taliban refuses to help US find bin Laden; US attacks Kabul al-Qaeda Northern Alliance Taliban Pakistan

  26. 2001: The rise and fall of Taliban and al Qaeda US and allies help to remove Taliban from power and install new government with chairman—HamidKarzai Northern Alliance Kabul Al qaeda Taliban Pakistan

  27. 2001: The rise and fall of Taliban and al Qaeda US and allies help to remove Taliban from power and install new government with chairman—HamidKarzai Taliban Northern Alliance Kabul al-Qaeda Karzai Pakistan

  28. Modern history-- overview 2001: The rise and fall of Taliban and al Qaeda Al Qaeda organizes attack on US, September 11,2001 Taliban refuses to help US find bin Laden; US attacks US and allies help to remove Taliban from power and install new government with chairman—HamidKarzai Post 2001: Karzai faces major challenges governing; Taliban strengthens Taliban, al Qaeda other mujahideen create on-going chaos 2009 election marred by corruption

  29. Post 2001: Karzai faces major challenges governing; Taliban strengthens Taliban, al Qaeda and other mujahideen create on-going chaos Taliban Northern Alliance Kabul al-Qaeda Karzai Pakistan

  30. Taliban Northern Alliance Kabul Al qaeda Karzai Pakistan

  31. Karzai’s Afghanistan • Karzai has limited control; Taliban (Omar) and al Qaeda (bin Laden) continue a civil war with new government • Corruption at every level of government is common • Women are still treated as property of their husbands; suffer physical and psychological abuse • Afghanistan again supplies a large percent of world’s opium; the money helps finance the warlords • Taliban is enjoying a resurgence Karzai

  32. Karzai’s Afghanistan Karzai

  33. Post 2001: Karzai faces major challenges governing; Taliban strengthens Taliban, al Qaeda and other mujahideen create on-going chaos 2009 election marred by corruption Abdullah Taliban Northern Alliance Kabul al-Qaeda Karzai Pakistan

  34. bin Laden

  35. Modern history-- overview 2001: The rise and fall of Taliban and al Qaeda Al Qaeda organizes attack on US, September 11,2001 Taliban refuses to help US find bin Laden; US attacks US and allies help to remove Taliban from power and install new government with chairman—HamidKarzai Post 2001: Karzai faces major challenges governing; Taliban strengthens Taliban, al Qaeda other mujahideen create on-going chaos 2009 election marred by corruption

  36. Present United States decision— Send more troops to remove al-Qaeda and Taliban or leave? ????????? Taliban Iran Pakistan Northern Alliance Kabul Al qaeda Karzai Yemen Pakistan Somalia

  37. Underlying causes of conflicts Socio-cultural Socio-cultural Differences in race, religion, traditions, values, government Political • Political Need for power/expansion; leadership differences, retaliation for expansion/repression • Economic • Economic Competing for resources; greed; putting different values on a resource

  38. Analyzing Perspectives

  39. Analyzing Perspectives Mini-lesson

  40. Analyzing perspectives ????????? ????????? Issue or situation ?????????

  41. Emphasis is on “analyzing” • The initial goal is to understand, • not to change or even accept other perspectives

  42. Analyzing Perspectives …the process of identifying multiple perspectives on an issue and examining the reasons behind each. • For an issue or situation about which people react differently, • Identify one perspective (yours or one you are aware of) and explain the reasons that perspective. • Identify different perspectives and, for each, explain the reasons. • Reflect on your work and articulate • what you notice? • what surprises/troubles you? • what is confusing/clear? • Decide if it would valuable to explore more perspectives or analyze deeper any of the perspectives identified.

  43. Analyzing perspectives Be careful that you offer reasons underlying the perspective and not just a restatement of the perspective. Examples: We should not require students to wear uniforms to school because it is just wrong.(restatement) We should not require students to wear uniforms to school because it denies students the ability to express their unique identity. (reason) We should require students to wear uniforms to school because it is a good idea. (restatement) We should require students to wear uniforms to school to prevent students from wearing inappropriate clothes that distract others from their studies. (reason)

  44. Analyzing perspectives Recommendation: Use a graphic organizer to record and reflect on your analysis.

  45. Analyzing perspectives • For an issue or situation about which people react differently, • Identify one perspective (yours or one you are aware of) and explain the reasons that perspective.