Folklore • The term folklore is generally used to refer to the traditional beliefs, customs, stories, songs, and dances of a culture. • Folklore can include fables, fairy tales, legends, myths, tall tales, and folk tales.
Fables • A short tale used to teach a moral lesson, often with animals as characters. • Most famous fables are Aesop’s Fables.
Fairy tale • A fanciful tale of legendary deeds and creatures, usually intended for children. • Example: Cinderella or Dinorella
Legends • A traditional tale handed down from earlier times and believed to have an historical basis. • Example: Merlin and the Dragons
Myths • A story that usually explains something about the world and involves gods and other superhuman beings. • Example: Demeter and Persephone- The Origin of the Seasons
Tall Tale • An extravagant, fanciful or greatly exaggerated story. Usually focuses on the achievements of the ultimate hero. • Example: The Bunyans
Folktale • A story or legend forming part of an oral tradition. • Example: Oni and the Great Bird and Master Frog