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POLISH FOLKLORE Tourism and National Pride Jen DeVries http://pohos.eu.org/history/photos/dance2.jpg http://www.pwaa.org/images/pol_eagle.gif http://www.udayton.edu/mary/resources/blackm/blackm03.html#pol Basic Facts Population: 38,576,000 Capital City: Warsaw (1.6 million)

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slide1

POLISH FOLKLORE

Tourism and National Pride

Jen DeVries

http://pohos.eu.org/history/photos/dance2.jpg

http://www.pwaa.org/images/pol_eagle.gif

http://www.udayton.edu/mary/resources/blackm/blackm03.html#pol

basic facts
Basic Facts

Population: 38,576,000

Capital City: Warsaw (1.6 million)

Official Currency: Zloty

Main Religion: Catholic

Major Rivers: The Oder, Vistula, and Warta

The Baltic Sea borders Poland to the north and is plentiful with sandy beaches and dunes.

The northern regions are somewhat hilly and flat. Lakelands are found in the northeastern part of the country.

Moving south the lands becomes hilly and mountainous. The Sudetic and Carpathian Mountains are found on the southern borders of Poland.

http://www.graphicmaps.com/webimage/countrys/europe/pl.htm

slide3

Where is Poland?

http://www.graphicmaps.com/webimage/countrys/europe/pl.htm

polish pride since 1991
Polish Pride since 1991
  • After the fall of the USSR Poland was ready to show off its culture.
  • Since its economy was in shock, tourism would help bring money to the country.
  • Polish culture was a great sell, especially to ethnic Poles from North America

http://www3.itu.int/MISSIONS/poland/pnto009.jpg

http://library.thinkquest.org/J001272F/history/polish.htm

http://www.sarnow.com/poland/ph/kosciol.jpg

the tale of the polish eagle
The Tale of the Polish Eagle
  • Three brothers decided that their village was too crowded.
  • Decided to explore different areas searching for a new place to live.
  • They traveled for many days and parted on top of a mountain.
  • Lech went north while Czech and Rus went east and west.
  • Lech named the area Gniezno (The eagle’s nest)
  • First historical capital of Poland
  • Brothers had influence on Belarus/Russia and Czech lands?

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/poleagle.htm

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/poleagle.htm

slide8
Historical Notes . . .
  • The White Eagle became the official emblem of Poland during the reigns of Kings Wladyslaw Lokietek and Kazimierz the Great.
  • It was adopted by the Piast dynasties in the 12th Century as a symbol of union within the dynasties.
  • The three brothers are said to represent the three main geographic divisions of the Slavs.

http://flagspot.net/flags/pl.html#colors

  • South -- Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, and Bulgarians
  • East -- Great Russians, White Russians (Byelorussians), Little Russians (Ukrainians)
  • West -- Czech, Slovaks, and Poles

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/poleagle.htm

the black madonna
The Black Madonna

http://library.thinkquest.org/J001272F/history/polish.htm

slide10

Our Lady of Czestochowa

  • Painted on a cedar board by St. Luke the Evangelist.
  • According to tradition St. Luke took the board from a table from Joseph and Mary’s house in Nazareth.
  • This and the fact that St. Luke is said to have painted Our Lady and the Child from life, makes the picture a holy relic surrounded by the greatest devotion.
  • Every morning as the sun rises trumpets sound to announce that the Madonna is being uncovered for the world to see.
  • The Madonna and Child were originally white, but the old varnish darkened with age and with the help from all the soot from the thousands of devotional candles. This is how the painting became know as The "Black" Madonna.

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/pollady.htm

slide12

http://world.std.com/~stlukes/stluke.html

The Black Madonna in Poland is said to be 1 of 3 or 4 remaining paintings of the 7 original paintings that St. Luke painted of the Virgin Mary.

slide13

Historical Antioch, Syria. Now part Of Turkey.

http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/syria.html

slide14
During the wars in Rus, Prince Ladislaus of Opole found the painting in the castle at Bełz and discovered it was being venerated as if it were miraculous.
  • After the Russian victory over the Tatars, he brought the painting to Czestochowa, entrusting it to Pauline Monks for safekeeping.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/

slide15

In 1430 thieves tried to steal the painting

  • Got frustrated with the painting because it was too heavy and started slashing the painting.
  • Tradition says that as they did this the Madonna started to bleed.
  • Frustrated and scared the thieves took off.
  • The painting was repaired, but not completely restored.
  • Restorers could not fix the three marks left on her face, so instead they traced them to mark the barbarism of the robbers.

http://www.peopleteams.org/czestochowa/images/queenmadonna.jpg

http://www.gopoland.com/wheretogo/czestochowa/jasnagora/

slide16
During the early part of the 17th century, the monastery and church were fortified because of all the religious wars/persecutions going on at the time.
  • In 1655 Swedes invaded Poland.
  • Thousands of Swedes fighting hundreds of Poles. Swedes fail.
  • Black Madonna was kept in safe-keeping, but Poles attribute this miracle to her spiritual presence
  • Today the Black Madonna attracts over 5 million people world wide to Czestochowa.

http://www.jasnagora.pl/english/

http://www.gopoland.com/wheretogo/czestochowa/jasnagora/

slide17

Different Pictures of the Black Madonna

http://www.peopleteams.org/czestochowa/images/queenmadonna.jpg

http://www.stthomas.on.ca/images/aaf/aafblackmadonna.jpg

http://www.send.org/poland/images/madonna.jpg

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/pollady.htm

http://www.udayton.edu/mary/resources/blackm/blackm03.html#pol

jasna gora in poland
Jasna Gora in Poland

http://www.virtualtourist.com/m/tt/424fb/

http://membres.lycos.fr/pierreval/

slide19

Our Lady’s Chapel

Doyestown, PA

http://www.avemariaretreat.com/images/lg-replaltar.jpg

janosik the slovak robin hood
Janosik, the Slovak Robin Hood
  • The most popular legend in the Tatra Mountains.
  • Classic Robin Hood
  • He was a pillager who stole from rich people and gave money to poor people.
  • Lived with his gang in a cave in the mountains.
  • Remembered as very brave and polite to those he robbed.

http://www.beytoncomenius.com/newproject/2ndyear/poland/polmount.htm

slide22

Giewont

  • Also in the Tatra Mountains,
  • The Knight Giewont is said to sleep in the Tatra Mountains.
  • It is said he will awake to help Poland in times of need.
  • http://www.cs.put.poznan.pl/holidays/tatry/

http://www.beytoncomenius.com/newproject/2ndyear/poland/polmount.htm

krakow
Krakow
  • Ancient Polish Capital
  • Major cultural tourist center
  • Home to the Pope

http://www.catholic.net/RCC/POPE/Pope.html

http://www.krakow-info.com/oltarz.htm

tour poland
Tour Poland
  • “A journey across Poland is not only an opportunity to visit historical points of interest, but also to taste local cuisine, take advantage of Poland's strong ties to the European tradition of contemporary culture and art, such as painting, poster art, music and applied art such as artistic glassware, tapestries and ceramics.”

http://www.polandtour.org/

slide26

Tatra Mountain Range of Carpathian Mountains

Near Slovakia

http://www.discoverzakopane.com/zakopane.uk.html

tourists in zakopane
Tourists in Zakopane
  • The Folk Association of Zakopane is the oldest and largest folklore performance in Poland
  • One of the most famous festivals of its type in the world.

Traditional Corpus Christi procession

http://www.zakopane.pl/e/index.php?id=006

Oldest church in Zakopane

http://www.discoverzakopane.com/zakopane.uk.html

zakopane folk art
Zakopane folk art
  • Top-quality work in woodcarving, woodwork and painting on glass has been done by local folk artists

http://www.tellmewhereonearth.com/Web%20Pages/Boxes/Boxes_Page_5.htm

decorated eggs
Decorated Eggs
  • Decorated eggs are made with small pieces of cut paper that are glued onto the egg with a small paint brush.

http://www.indiana.edu/~tradarts/programs/lyceum.html

http://www.s-t.com/daily/04-98/04-14-98/c03ho113.htm

slide30

Wooden Churches

Chapel in the Jaszczurowka near Zakopane

http://mdn.mainichi.co.jp/national/0305/0503poland/0503poland1.html

my sources
My sources

Infoplease Atlas

http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/syria.html

Go Poland

http://www.gopoland.com/wheretogo/czestochowa/jasnagora/

Discover Zakopane

http://www.discoverzakopane.com/zakopane.uk.html

Folklore

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/pollady.htm

University of Dayton

http://www.udayton.edu/mary/resources/blackm/blackm03.html#pol

Worldatlas.com

http://www.graphicmaps.com/webimage/countrys/europe/pl.htm

Polish Women’s Alliance of America

http://www.pwaa.org/images/pol_eagle.gif

http://www.cs.put.poznan.p/holidays/tatry/

Where on Earth

http://www.tellmewhereonearth.com/Web%20Pages/Boxes/Boxes_Page_5.htm

Polish Heriatage of Otago and Southland

http://pohos.eu.org/history/photos/dance2.jpg

Mainichi Daily News

http://mdn.mainichi.co.jp/national/0305/0503poland/0503poland1.html

Flags of the World

http://flagspot.net/flags/pl.html#colors

Virtual Tourists.com

http://www.virtualtourist.com/m/tt/424fb/

Folklore

http://users.aol.com/jjnowicki/poleagle.htm

PeopleTeams.org

http://www.peopleteams.org/czestochowa/images/queenmadonna.jpg

@ The World

http://world.std.com/~stlukes/stluke.html

Poznan

Saint Thomas’s Anglican Church

http://www.stthomas.on.ca/images/aaf/aafblackmadonna.jpg

Send International

http://www.send.org/poland/images/madonna.jpg

Discover Poland

http://www.polandtour.org/

Jasna Gora

http://www.jasnagora.pl/english/

Tai Lyceum

http://www.indiana.edu/~tradarts/programs/lyceum.html

South Coast Today

http://www.s-t.com/daily/04-98/04-14-98/c03ho113.htm

World Sites Atlas

http://www.sitesatlas.com/Maps/Maps/515.htm

Image of Baltic Coast

http://www3.itu.int/MISSIONS/poland/pnto009.jpg

The Ave Maria Retreat House

http://www.avemariaretreat.com/images/lg-replaltar.jpg

The Encyclopedia of World History

http://www.bartleby.com/67/poland01.html

Zakopane On-line

http://www.zakopane.pl/e/index.php?id=006

ThinkQuest

http://library.thinkquest.org/J001272F/history/polish.htm

The Tatra Mountains

http://www.beytoncomenius.com/newproject/2ndyear/poland/polmount.htm

Krakow Info

http://www.krakow-info.com/oltarz.html

Image

http://www.sarnow.com/poland/ph/kosciol.jpg

The Pope Page

http://www.catholic.net/RCC/POPE/Pope.html

Jasna Gora en Pologne

http://membres.lycos.fr/pierreval/