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Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales – 2 nd Ed. Bahar Mansur Seton Hall University. Vineland-II: At a Glance. Purpose : To measure personal and social skills needed for everyday living from birth to adulthood. Publisher : Pearson Age Range : Birth to 90 years

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vineland adaptive behavior scales 2 nd ed

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales – 2nd Ed.

Bahar Mansur

Seton Hall University

vineland ii at a glance
Vineland-II: At a Glance
  • Purpose: To measure personal and social skills needed for everyday living from birth to adulthood.
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Age Range: Birth to 90 years
  • Time to Administer: 20 – 60 minutes
  • Qualification Level: Graduate/post-graduate qualification
  • Price: $388.55 for the Complete Starter Kit
vineland ii forms
Vineland-II: Forms
  • 4 Forms:
    • Survey Interview Form
      • Semi-structured interview format
    • Parent/Caregiver Rating Form
    • Expanded Interview Form
    • Teacher Rating Form
vineland ii validity reliability
Vineland-II: Validity & Reliability



  • Test Content:
    • Theoretically and empirically linked to target behaviors defining skills needed for adaptive behavior
  • Measurement Bias:
    • Mean scores very similar across age, gender, ethnic groups, etc
  • Concurrent Validity:
    • Highly correlated with VABS
    • Moderately to Highly correlated with the BASC-II
  • Internal Consistency Coefficients range from .80 to .90
  • Test-Retest Coefficients range between .86 to .92
vineland ii norms standardization
Vineland-II: Norms & Standardization
  • A nationally representative sample of 3,687 individuals that were assessed across 44 states
  • 20 age groups: Evenly split between males and females
  • Ages ranged from birth to 90 years
  • Population based on the 2001 U.S census
    • Gender, SES, Community Size, Ethnicity, Geographic Region
  • Clinical Populations proportionally represented based on 2004 Congressional Report
    • ADHD, Speech and Language impaired, LD, etc.
vineland ii format
Vineland-II: Format
  • Survey Interview Form:
    • Lists items by sub-domains
      • Total of 433 items
    • General Administration:
      • Start Point determined by chronological age
      • Do not read items verbatim to respondent, ask broad to specific interview questions
      • Maladaptive Section does not require general questions
        • Just describe the behavior and ask whether the individual always, sometimes, or never engages in the behavior
vineland ii scoring
Vineland-II: Scoring
  • Item Scores:
    • 2 = Usually or habitually occurs without help
    • 1 = Performed sometimes without help or reminders
    • 0 = Never performed without help
  • Basal & Ceiling Rules:
    • Basal = 4 consecutive scores of 2
    • Basal Item = Highest item # in the set of 4 scores of 2
    • Ceiling = 4 consecutive scores of 0
    • Ceiling Item = Lowest item # in the set of 4 scores of 0
vineland ii interpretation
Vineland-II: Interpretation
  • Scoring Interpretation:
    • Raw scores
    • V-scale scores for sub-domains
    • Standard scores for domains and ABC
    • Confidence Intervals
    • Percentile Ranks
    • Age Equivalents
    • Strengths & Weaknesses
  • Interpretive Steps:
    • Describe General Adaptive Functioning
    • Describe performance in all domains and sub-domains
    • Interpret the pattern of domain standard scores to identify strengths and weaknesses
    • Generate hypotheses about profile fluctuations
vineland ii critical reviews
Vineland-II: Critical Reviews
  • Mental Measurement Yearbook
    • Vineland-II reflect the greater cultural expectations for adaptive behavior
    • The theoretical model is well described and well supported by previous and current research.
    • Users should be cognizant of the inherent limitations of any instrument that relies solely on indirect measures of behavior such as ratings or interviews of third-party respondents
vineland ii adaptive level descriptions and profile comparisons
Vineland-II: Adaptive Level Descriptions and Profile Comparisons
  • Vineland-II: Profile Comparisons
    • High Functioning Autism and Asperger Syndrome
    • Autism and Mental Retardation
    • Normal Development and ADHD
    • Normal Development and Hearing Impaired
    • Nonspecific Mental Retardation and Down Syndrome
case study anthony
Case Study: Anthony
  • Background Information:
    • Age: 3-5
    • Lives in a home in northern New Jersey
    • Lives with mother, father, older brother, and younger sister
    • Described as very lively and energetic
  • Respondent:
    • Mother
kohlberg s stages of moral development
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development
  • Pre-conventional Morality
    • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment
      • The earliest stage of moral development is especially common in young children.
      • At this stage, children see rules as fixed and absolute. Obeying the rules is important because it is a means to avoid punishment.
    • Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange
      • At this stage of moral development, children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs.
interpretations recommendations
Interpretations & Recommendations


  • Communication Domain: Personal Strength
    • Receptive, Expressive, and Written subdomains
  • Socialization Domain
    • Play and Leisure Time subdomain: Personal Strength
    • Coping Skills subdomain: Personal Weakness
    • Interpersonal Relationships: Moderately Low adaptive level


  • Anthony may benefit from a daily schedule (using visual cues) to ease in transitions from different activities
    • More structure in home environment to ease into the transition into preschool
  • Since he has a very playful nature, and is able to communicate his needs well, Anthony may benefit from a reinforcement system that would promote his positive behaviors when interacting with peers his age
    • For example: Frequent verbal praise, token economy system, etc.
  • Sparrow, S.S., Cicchetti, D.V., Balla, D.A. 2005). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition: Survey Forms Manual. Pearson Assessments: Minneapolis, MN.
  • Stein, S. (N.D.A). Review of the vineland adaptive behavior scales, 2nd edition. Mental Measurements Yearbook.
  • Widaman, K.F. (N.D.A.). Review of the vineland adaptive behavior scales, 2nd edition. Mental Measurements Yearbook.