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CHAPTER 26 Section 3. By Laura M. Period 3 Updated by Mr.Dougherty. Patterns of Life. What were the main patterns of life in the middle east? What was the typical middle eastern city like? What roles did women have in Islam?. Village Life (:. Most people grew up by sources of water.

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chapter 26 section 3

CHAPTER 26Section 3

By Laura M.

Period 3

Updated by Mr.Dougherty

patterns of life
Patterns of Life
  • What were the main patterns of life in the middle east?
  • What was the typical middle eastern city like?
  • What roles did women have in Islam?
village life
Village Life (:
  • Most people grew up by sources of water.
  • Made wheat, barley, and olives
  • Tend goats and herd sheep
  • Men and boys did plowing, built houses and harvested crops.
  • Women got water, tended the animals, gathered wood and weaved
continued
CONTiNUED
  • Villages have small stores that sold spices, sugars and other goods
  • Most houses were made of sun-dried mud, clay bricks or timber.
  • A small section of the house was set aside for women’s quarters
nomadic life
Nomadic Life
  • Nomads live with no water for farming
  • The Bedouins- named people of the tent. They live in small groups. Have hot summers days and then in winter, migrate to find new pastures.
  • Highland Nomads- in the summer they move with their herds. In winter when snow covers the land, they go back to the plains
continued1
Continued (:
  • Conflicts with Settled People- Nomads raided house and shops.
  • Villagers often trampled on crops
  • Angered by the central government.
  • Couldn’t collect taxes
  • Had people permanently settle in one place
a bedouin father and son in saudi arabia
A Bedouin father and son in Saudi Arabia

A Bedouin father and son in Saudi Arabia. Bedouins, who comprise about 10% of the country's population, are a nomadic people whose livelihood is based on animal husbandry. Their wandering cycles are determined by the grazing needs of their camels, sheep, and goats. In recent years, many Bedouins have settled in towns and cities.

bedouins on the move
Bedouins on the Move

Bedouins on the move with highly burdened camels and sheep

a bedouin camp in the desert
A Bedouin Camp in the Desert

A Bedouin camp in the desert, showing moveable huts of staves and matting of palm leaves

city life
CITY LIFE.
  • Jerusalem was the capital of Israel.
  • Damascus was a trading center.
  • Powerful caliphs had Cairo and Baghdad as capitals
  • Beirut was a prosperous seat port
  • Commercial heart of the city was suq (pronounced sook, a marketplace)
family life
FAMILY LIFE
  • The father has the final say on everything.
  • Women sought for husbands approval
  • Marriage- are arranged. Muslim women can’t marry a non Muslim. The Koran permits a man to have as many as 4 wives but should be able to enough to support them all.
  • Divorce- easier for men than women. Can remarry. Men has to make a payment for his or her family
  • A man only had to say “I divorce you” three times
  • A women had to go before a judge to get a divorce
lives of women
LIVES OF WOMEN.
  • During adolescents a girl has to obey her dad and her husband when she marries
  • Women are most likely to bring dishonor to the family
  • Women feel more secure knowing that their husbands are going to protect them
  • Rights- poor unwanted families might kill girl babies to have boys. Islamic law opposed this. Also women wear veils and live in seclusion
  • Rights of women vary over time and place