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TSP Number 052-E-6025 Advise Commander/Staff of the Environmental Impact of Army Operations. March 2008. Terminal Learning Objective. ACTION: Integrate environmental considerations into unit (garrison) and full spectrum operations.

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tsp number 052 e 6025 advise commander staff of the environmental impact of army operations
TSP Number 052-E-6025Advise Commander/Staff of the Environmental Impact of Army Operations

March 2008

slide2

Terminal Learning Objective

  • ACTION: Integrate environmental considerations into unit (garrison) and full spectrum operations.
  • CONDITION: Given a block of instructions, TM 38-410, FM 3-100.4, FM 5-19, and AR 200-1.
slide3

Terminal Learning Objective

  • STANDARD: Correctly answer questions relating to:
    • Identifying the responsibilities for managing a unit environmental program.
    • Integrating environmental considerations in full-spectrum operations.
slide4

Safety, Risk andEnvironmental Concerns

  • Safety Requirements: None
  • Risk Assessment Level: Low
  • Environmental Considerations: Training entirely of an administrative nature, with little or no environmental impact.
slide5

References

  • TM 38-410 Storage and Handling of Hazardous Material
  • FM 3-100.4 Environmental Considerations in Military Operations
  • FM 5-19 Composite Risk Management
  • AR 200-1 Environmental Protection & Enhancement
  • The Army Strategy for the Environment (2004)
  • 29 CFR Labor (Occupational Safety and Health Act)
  • 40 CFR Protection of the Environment
  • 49 CFR Transportation
learning objective 1
Learning Objective #1
  • Identify the Army Strategy for the Environment
army environmental strategy sustain the mission secure the future
Army Environmental Strategy“Sustain the Mission – Secure the Future”
  • Foster a Sustainable Ethic (vice a compliance mentality)
  • Strengthen Army Operations (reduce the logistical footprint)
  • Meet Test, Training and Mission requirements (ITAM and SRP)
  • Minimize Impacts and Total Ownership Costs (Support EMS/Sustainability programs)
  • Enhance Well-Being (Quality of Life; Army as a good neighbor)
  • Drive Innovation (technological aids)
learning objective 2
Learning Objective #2
  • Identify the responsibilities for managing a unit environmental program.
army environmental program commander s responsibilities

-Comply with environmental legal requirements.

-Instill an environmental ethic

-Incorporate environmental responsibilities and risk management into unit SOPs/OPORDs

-Integrate environmental considerations into all unit operations

-Ensure personnel receive required environmental training

-Appoint and train environmental officers at appropriate organizational levels.

-Report noncompliance and spills

-Support the installation EMS

Army Regulation 200-1

Environmental Quality

Environmental Protection and Enhancement

Headquarters

Department of the Army

Washington, DC

13 Dec 2007

UNCLASSIFIED

Army Environmental ProgramCommander’s Responsibilities
legal requirements
Legal Requirements
  • Sources:
    • Federal regulations
    • State and local regulations
    • Host Nation laws and regulations (example: country-specific Final Governing Standards [FGS])
    • DoD and Army regulations and policies
    • Command level policies (Garrison Command, ARCENT, EUCOM, etc.)
    • OPORDs/OPLANs
  • Consequences of non-compliance
environmental ethic
Environmental Ethic
  • Command policy
  • Leadership
  • Training/Briefings
  • Environmental Management System
  • Sustainability Program
sop opords
SOP/OPORDS
  • Existing unit or organizational SOP
  • Example of SOP in FM 3-100.4
  • Revise to fit your missions
  • Annex L (Environmental) example in FM 3-100.4
environmental considerations in all unit operations
Environmental Considerations in all Unit Operations
  • Full Spectrum Operations
  • Force Health Protection
  • Civilian Population
  • Environmental Considerations (sensitive ecological areas such as the Iraq marshes; pollution prevention; endangered species)
  • Environmental Threats (Polluted areas Soldiers should not be based in; pest infestations)
  • Garrison
  • Integrate into SOPs
  • Integrate into risk assessments
team training
Team Training

Ensure that key personnel/teams are trained

This training should include:

  • Spill prevention/response
  • Hazardous waste operations and emergency response
  • Personal Protective Equipment and first aid for exposure
  • Environmental compliance officer training
  • Specific environmental laws, regulations, and treaties
  • HM/HW handling, storage, transport
  • MSDS recognition and use
  • Field sanitation
  • Satellite Accumulation Points
  • Cultural, historic, religious sites; endangered species
  • Pollution Prevention
environmental officer
Environmental Officer
  • Appointment Orders
  • Training
  • Coordinates the unit environmental program for the commander
  • Coordination in planning and risk assessments
report noncompliance spills
Report Noncompliance/Spills
  • Report thru your chain of command
  • Spill response IAW installation policy
installation environmental management system
Installation Environmental Management System
  • Recycling
  • Conservation
  • Waste Minimization
  • Alternative transportation
  • Alternative energy sources
learning objective 3
Learning Objective #3
  • Integrate environmental considerations in pre-deployment.
pre deployment
Pre-Deployment

In Pre-deployment, environmental considerations should be included in:

  • Mission analysis
  • Training
  • Logistics planning
mission analysis
Mission Analysis
  • Information gathering on specific countries within the AO
  • Include environmental considerations in risk assessment for conducting operations
  • Integration of environmental considerations into specific plans (Laws, treaties, regulations, FGS; critical habitats; sensitive sites; environmental health hazards; types of industries, agriculture, natural resources present)
intelligence preparation of the battlefield
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield
  • Environmental considerations may include:
    • Potential weapons of mass destruction sites
    • Potential targets that the enemy may attack to inflict environmental damage or health hazards
    • Industrial factories that emit, produce, or store Toxic Industrial Materials (TIMS)
    • Location of oil and gas pipelines
    • Known sites of contamination
    • Endangered species or critical habitats
    • Environmentally sensitive areas
    • Historic, cultural, or religious sites or structures
slide22

Environmental Risk Management Process

  • Environmental risk assessment is used to estimate the impact of unit activities on the environment.
  • It assists commanders in complying with regulatory and legal requirements and operating within the higher commanders’ intent.
  • Check Annex L in Joint OPORDs/OPLANs or Appendix 2 to Engineer Annex F in OPORDs. (Example in FM 3-100.4)
slide23

Environmental Hazard and Risk Relationship

  • Identify the hazard
  • Assess the hazard
  • Develop controls and make decisions
  • Implement controls
  • Supervise and evaluate

Tactical and accidental risks

METT-TC hazards………Environmental hazards

training
Training
  • Pre-deployment training
  • Educational controls developed in Risk Assessment
  • Legally required training and refreshers
logistics planning
Logistics Planning
  • Procurement
    • HM
    • Personal Protective

Equipment (PPE)

    • Spill kits
  • Storage
  • Transportation
learning objective 4
Learning Objective #4
  • Integrate environmental considerations in deployment.
transportation
Transportation
  • Preparing vehicles and equipment for shipping (Unit Movement Officer)
  • Identifying Hazardous Material (HM)/Hazardous Waste (HW)
  • HM must be packaged and labeled IAW SOP or DoD regulations (may include special UN requirements).
  • Need a HAZMAT Certified person to certify loads.
  • Ensure correct documentation is on hand
learning objective 5
Learning Objective #5
  • Integrate environmental considerations in full spectrum operations.
full spectrum operations
Full Spectrum Operations
  • Military operations cause significant impacts on the environment
  • Some of the impact is unavoidable
  • Commanders must seek to minimize impacts
  • Reduction and mitigation of environmental damage serves to support US goals
  • Protecting the environment and health of military and civilian personnel reduces:
    • Long term reconstruction or remediation and medical costs
    • Supports information operations
    • Aligns with US national values
    • May solicit local support
air pollution
AIR POLLUTION
  • Location of Air Pollution Sources
    • Burning or Damaged Buildings
    • Open Burning/Waste Disposal
    • Vehicle/Generator Exhaust
  • Contaminants
    • Dust, Silica, Asbestos, Lead
    • Organic Vapors and OrganicGases
  • Industrial Facilities
learning objective 6
Learning Objective #6
  • Integrate environmental considerations for sustainment.
sustainment
Sustainment
  • The military’s concern for environmental considerations must extend throughout the operation.
  • As U.S. forces establish base camps, continue to pursue combat operations, and conduct security operations; environmental considerations must be integrated into plans and daily operations.
base camp and installation operations
Base Camp and Installation Operations
  • Establishing base camps and occupying existing facilities such as ports and airfields requires extensive integration of environmental considerations.
  • These sites, sometimes approaching the size of small cities, require tremendous allocations of resources.
  • They generate waste in quantities similar to small cities, only without the existing infrastructure to support them.
  • HM/HW management in base camps is a key issue.
slide41

Hazardous Material

  • Any material, including waste, that may pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety, property, or the environment.
slide42

Common Hazardous Material

  • Alcohol
  • Antifreeze
  • Batteries
  • Paint
  • Solvent
  • Cleaning supplies
  • Fuel
  • STB
  • Field sanitation kits
  • Fuel antifreeze
slide43

Hazardous Material Identification

  • Check the container label.
  • Check the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
  • Check the DOD Hazardous Material Information Resource System (HMIRS). http://www.dlis.dla.mil/hmirs/
  • Check with the supply officer, chain of command, installation environmental office (garrison), base camp management team or safety officer.
  • Call the manufacturer.
slide44

Material Safety Data Sheets

If you have never seen a MSDS, take a minute to look at one.

Page 1 of 7

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

MATHESON TRI-GAS, INC. EMERGENCY CONTACT:

959 ROUTE 46 EAST CHEMTREC 1-800-424-9300

PARSIPPANY, NEW JERSEY 07054-0624 INFORMATION CONTACT:

973-257-1100

SUBSTANCE: DIMETHYL SULFATE

TRADE NAMES/SYNONYMS:

METHYL SULFATE; DIMETHYL MONOSULFATE; DIMETHYLSULFATE; DMS(METHYL

SULFATE); DIMETHYL SULPHATE; SULFURIC ACID, DIMETHYL ESTER; BP-1195; RCRA U103;

UN 1595; STCC 4933322; MAT07750; RTECS WS8225000

CHEMICAL FAMILY: organic, sulfates

CREATION DATE: Jan 24 1989

REVISION DATE: Jun 17 2004

2. COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

COMPONENT: DIMETHYL SULFATE

CAS NUMBER: 77-78-1

PERCENTAGE: 100.0

3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

NFPA RATINGS (SCALE 0-4): HEALTH=4 FIRE=2 REACTIVITY=0

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW:

COLOR: colorless

PHYSICAL FORM: liquid

ODOR: faint odor, onion odor

MAJOR HEALTH HAZARDS: potentially fatal if inhaled, harmful if swallowed, respiratory tract burns,

skin burns, eye burns, mucous membrane burns, suspect cancer hazard (in animals)

slide45

General Rules for Managing HM

  • Use non-hazardous substitutes when possible.
  • Have an MSDS for every HM.
  • Do not mix different HM together.
  • Do not stockpile HM.
  • Consolidate storage of HM.
  • Inspect HM storage areas weekly.
  • Prevent spills.
  • Ensure availability of PPE.
  • Follow first in, first out rule.
  • Implement shelf life program.
  • Maintain an inventory list.
slide46

General Rules for Managing HM (continued)

  • Ensure labels are legible.
  • Ensure lids are tight, containers are marked, labeled and visible to the observer.
  • Provide secondary containment.
  • Store flammable and reactive materials IAW regulations away from property line.
  • Secure containers.
slide47

Waste Determination

There are three ways a waste

can be regulated as hazardous:

• Meets the definition of one or more of the hazardous waste characteristics. The four characteristics are ignitable, corrosive, reactive and toxic.

• Is listed by EPA as a hazardous waste in 40 CFR 261.

• Prior knowledge, e.g. testing

slide48

Expires

By Law

Discarded

Unusable

Mixtures

Contamination

HM Transformation to HW

slide49

Common Facility/Unit Waste Streams

  • Contaminated oil
  • Used batteries and acid
  • Used solvents
  • Contaminated fuels, when non-recyclable
  • Discarded fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides
  • Expired or discarded paints, inks, acids and oxidizers
  • Mixed waste
  • Used brake fluids
  • Used filters
  • Discarded explosives
  • Lead tire weights and battery connectors
  • Weapons cleaning material (all)
  • Painting material
  • Expired shelf-life material
slide50

Empty Containers

  • Use empty HM containers to accumulate the same resultant HW.
  • Remove or paint old markings and labels to avoid confusion about the contents and turn in IAW SOP.
  • Annotate all documentation pertaining to the contents (tracking number).
slide51

Transporting Hazardous Waste

  • Transporting hazardous waste requiresspecial coordination
  • Defense Reutilization and Marketing Officecontract for turn-in
  • Local contractor
  • Check environmental office
transportation1
Transportation
  • Moving vehicles, equipment, and material to the home station are subject to the same requirements as initial deployment.
  • Equipment must be inspected, and personnel must address proper safety, legal, and administrative issues.
  • Plan to prevent the transport of prohibited materials which include:
    • War trophies
    • Possible biological contaminants such as foreign plants and insects.
    • Hazardous materials or hazardous wastes
learning objective 7
Learning Objective #7
  • Integrate environmental considerations in redeployment.
redeployment
Redeployment
  • As military forces redeploy, they must address large quantities of waste and materials.
  • In some cases, forces may hand over material to replacement units or to the local government.
  • Forces may need to clean up any contamination resulting from the activities of US forces.
  • Planners must include the time, forces, and material resources in their redeployment planning.
slide55

Site Closure

  • Documents the condition of the site when we turn it back over to the host nation.
    • Known or suspected environmental contamination
    • Location of buried wastes (IAW Sand Book)
    • Digital photographs
    • Detailed information
  • Identifies remediation requirements.
    • Intent to restore conditions
  • Intention: Give it back as good or better than you found it.
slide56

Terminal Learning Objective

  • ACTION: Integrate environmental considerations into unit (garrison) and full spectrum operations.
  • CONDITION: Given a block of instructions, TM 38-410, FM 3-100.4, FM 5-19, and AR 200-1.
slide57

Terminal Learning Objective

  • STANDARD: Correctly, answer questions relating to:
    • Identifying the responsibilities for managing a company environmental program.
    • Integrate environmental considerations in full-spectrum operations.
questions

QUESTIONS?

Email: leon.usaesdei@conus.army.mil

US Army Engineer School,

Directorate of Environmental Integration

Phone: 573.329.1931