HAZWOPER HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATIONS AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE 29 CFR 1910.120 INDUSTRIAL SAFETY TRAINING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE STAFF
1910.120 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response 29 CFR Labor 29 PARTS 1900 TO 1910 Revised as of Jan 1, 1995 National Archives Records and Administration
COURSE OBJECTIVES • Provide Training to the Emergency Response Staff • Introduce HAZWOPER & Discuss Its Role in Today’s Industry. • Introduce Skills in the Recognition & Control of Occupational Hazards. • Introduce Emergency Response Techniques. • Define HAZWOPER.
BASIS FOR THIS COURSE • DAILY EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS BY THOUSANDS OF WORKERS • DAILY EXPOSURE TO NUMEROUS PHYSICAL HAZARDS • RESPONSE AND CONTAINMENT OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS MUST BE ADDRESSED • OSHA HAZWOPER STANDARD REQUIRES: • Establishment of a “HAZWOPER” program • Training be conducted • Hazards be assessed • Hazards and precautions be explained • Emergency Response Capability be Established
REGULATORY STANDARD THE GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE FEDERAL - 29 CFR 1903.1 EMPLOYERS MUST: Furnish a place of employment free of recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees. Employers must comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA ACT OF 1970
DANGER EYE PROTECTION REQUIRED BEYOND THIS POINT APPLICABLE REGULATIONS 29CFR - SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS 1910 - GENERAL INDUSTRY 120 - HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATIONS AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE (HAZWOPER)
JOB SAFETY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS • THE EMPLOYER MUST PROVIDE TRAINING: • THE USE OF EQUIPMENT. • WHAT PPE IS NECESSARY. • WHEN PPE IS NECESSARY. • THE LIMITATIONS OF THE PPE. • DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES. • PROVIDE RETRAINING AS REQUIRED. • CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF EQUIPMENT. • CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. • TRAIN ALL EMPLOYEES PRIOR TO JOB ASSIGNMENT.
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS (Continued) EMERGENCY RESPONSE STAFF Level 1 First Responder Level 2 First Responder Operations Level Level 3 Hazardous Materials Technician Level 4 Hazardous Materials Specialist Level 5 On-Scene Incident Commander
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS (Continued) EMERGENCY RESPONSE STAFF • First Responder Awareness • Operations Level 8 Hours Initial* • Hazardous Materials Technician 24 Hours Initial* • Hazardous Materials Specialist 24 Hours Initial* • On-Scene Incident Commander 24 Hours Initial* • *Plus Competency at the previous level and annual • refresher.
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS (Continued) EMERGENCY RESPONSE STAFF Level 1 = Witnesses or discovers a release of hazardous materials and who are trained to notify the proper authorities. Level 2 = Responds to releases of hazardous substances in a defensive manner, without trying to stop the releases. Level 3 = Responds aggressively to stop the release of hazardous substances. Level 4 = Responds with and in support to HAZMAT technicians, but who have specific knowledge of various hazardous substances. Level 5 = Assumes control of the incident scene beyond the first-responder awareness level
JOB SAFETY RETRAINING REQUIREMENTS • REQUIRED WHEN THERE IS A: • CLOSE-CALL EVENT • PROGRAM RELATED INJURY • CHANGE IN JOB ASSIGNMENT • NEW HAZARD OR EQUIPMENT • NEW HAZARD CONTROL METHODS • FAILURE IN THE SAFETY PROCEDURES • REASON TO DOUBT EMPLOYEE PROFICIENCY
PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION IMPLEMENTATION OF A HAZWOPER PROGRAM REQUIRES: • DEDICATION • PERSONAL INTEREST • MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT NOTE: UNDERSTANDING AND SUPPORT FROM THE WORK FORCE IS ESSENTIAL, WITHOUT IT THE PROGRAM WILL FAIL!
DEFINITION • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS means a substance or • material which has been determined by the • Secretary of Transportation to be capable of • posing an unreasonable risk to • HEALTH • PROPERTY • ENVIRONMENT • when transported in commerce.
DEFINITION HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES means a material and its mixtures or solutions, that is regulated by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 40 CFR Protection of Environment 40 PARTS 260 TO 299 Revised as of Jan 1, 1995 National Archives Records and Administration
DEFINITION HAZARDOUS WASTE means a material that is subject to the Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest requirements of the EPA. 40 CFR Protection of Environment 40 PARTS 260 TO 299 Revised as of Jan 1, 1995 National Archives Records and Administration
CAA USCG FRA HMTA DEVELOPMENT OSHA OSHA MANUFACTURER CWA FHWA DISTRIBUTION SDWA PWSA MPRSA FAA RCRA CPSA FHSA WASTE TSCA FFDCA SDWA OSHA CAA CONSUMER PRODUCTS HMTA CWA FIFRA MRAS WASTE FIFRA OSHA INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS THE LIFE CYCLE OF A CHEMICAL AND THE LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITIES
CAA - CLEAN AIR ACT CPSA - CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT CWA - CLEAN WATER ACT FAA - FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION FFDCA - FED, FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC ACT FHSA - FED, HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT FHWA - FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION FRA - FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION FIFRA - FED, INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT HMTA - HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION ACT THE LIFE CYCLE OF A CHEMICAL AND THE LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITIES
MPRSA - MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH AND SANCTUARIES ACT OSHA - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT PPPA - POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT PWSA - PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY ACT RCRA - RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT SDWA - SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT TSCA - TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT USCG - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD THE LIFE CYCLE OF A CHEMICAL AND THE LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITIES
A HAZARDOUS WASTE IS ............... • A solid waste is hazardous if it meets any one of the following conditions: • IGNITABILITY • CORROSIVITY • REACTIVITY • EP TOXICITY • A LISTED WASTE • A MIXTURE (10% RULE) • NOT EXCLUDED
WASTE CHARACTERISTICS IGNITABILITY - D001 CORROSIVITY - D002 REACTIVITY - D003 EP TOXICITY - D004
5 LISTED WASTE D General 261.20 D Ignitability 261.21 D Corrosivity 261.22 D Reactivity 261.23 D Toxicity 261.24 F Non-Specific 261.31 (a) K Specific 261.32 U Commercial Chemicals 261.33 (e) P Acutely 261.33 (f)
THE FOLLOWING HAZARDS CODES ARE USED TO INDICATE THE ADMINISTRATORS BASIS FOR LISTING THE CLASSES OR TYPES OF WASTE: Ignitable Waste (I) Corrosive Waste (C) Reactive Waste (R) Reactive Waste (E) Acute Hazardous Waste (H) Toxic Waste (T)
O CCUPATIONAL S AFETY H EALTH A CT • Enacted in 1970 • Amended Continuously • Workplace Hazardous • Substances
H AZARDOUS M ATERIAL T RANSPORTATION A CT • Enacted in 1970 • Amended 1990 • Transportation of • Hazardous Materials
C LEAN A IR A CT • Enacted in 1970 • Amended 1977 & 1990 • Covers Hazardous • air pollutants
F EDERAL W ATER P OLLUTION C ONTROL A CT • Enacted in 1972 • Amended 1977 & 1990 • Toxic pollutants; • Hazardous Substances.
S AFE D RINKING W ATER A CT • Enacted in 1974 • Amended 1977 & 1990 • Priority pollutants.
R ESOURCES C ONSERVATION R ECOVERY A CT • Enacted in 1976 • Amended 1980 & 1984 • Covers Solid and • Hazardous Waste and • Underground Tanks
T OXIC S UBSTANCES C CONTROL A • Enacted in 1976 • Amended as needed • Requires premarket • evaluation of all new • chemical substances • other than food additives, • drugs, pesticides, alcohol, • and tobacco. CT
OMPENSATION E NVIRONMENTAL R ESPONSE C OMPENSATION L IABILITY CT C SUPERFUND A • Enacted in 1980 • Amended 1986 • Cleanup of sites where • Hazardous substances are • improperly disposed.
S UPERFUND A MENDMENTS R EAUTHORIZATION A CT • Enacted in 1986 • Cleanup of sites where • Hazardous substances are • improperly disposed. • Adds right to know provision RIGHT TO KNOW
1910.120 Hazardous Waste Operations and • Emergency Response covers the following • operations, unless the employer can • demonstrate that the operations does not • involve employee exposure or the reasonable • possibility for employee exposure to safety or • health hazards: • Clean-up operations required by a government body • Corrective Actions covered by RCRA • Voluntary clean-up operations • Operations involving hazardous waste (TSD) • Emergency response operations for releases
1910.120 DEFINITIONS BUDDY SYSTEM - means a system of organizing employees into work groups in such a manner that each employee of the work group is designated to be observed by at least one other employee in the work group. The purpose of the buddy system is to provide rapid assistance to employees in the event of an emergency. CLEAN-UP OPERATIONS - means an operation where hazardous substances are removed, contained, incinerated, neutralized, stabilized, cleared-up, or in any other manner processes or handled with the ultimate goal of making the site safer for people or the environment.
1910.120 DEFINITIONS DECONTAMINATION - means the removal of hazardous substances from employees and their equipment to the extent necessary to preclude the occurrence of foreseeable adverse health affects. EMERGENCY RESPONSE - means a response effort by employees from outside the immediate release area or by other designated responder to an occurrence which results, or is likely to result, in an uncontrolled releases of a hazardous substance.
1910.120 DEFINITIONS FACILITY - means (a) any building, structure, installation, equipment, pipe or pipeline, well, pit, pond, lagoon, impoundment, ditch, storage container, motor vehicle, rolling stock, or aircraft, or (b) any site or area where a hazardous substance has been deposited, stored, disposed of, or placed, or otherwise come to be located. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS RESPONSE (HAZMAT) TEAM - means an organized group of employees, designated by the employer, who are expected to perform work to handle and control actual or potential leaks or spills of hazardous substances requiring possible close approach to the substance.
1910.120 DEFINITIONS HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATION - means any operations conducted within the scope of 29 CFR 1910.120. HAZARDOUS WASTE SITE - means any facility or location within the scope of 29 CFR 1910.120 at which hazardous waste operations take place. PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LIMITS - means the exposure, inhalation or dermal permissible exposure limit specified in 29 CFR part 1910, subparts G and Z.
1910.120 DEFINITIONS HEALTH HAZARDS - means a chemical, mixture of chemicals or a pathogen for which there is statistically significant evidence based on at least one study conducted in accordance with established scientific principles that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees. IMMEDIATELY DANGEROUS TO LIFE OR HEALTH - means an atmospheric concentration of any toxic, corrosive or asphyxiate substance that poses and immediate threat to life or would cause irreversible or delayed adverse health effects or would interfere with an individual’s ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere.
1910.120 DEFINITIONS OXYGEN DEFICIENCY - means that concentration of oxygen by volume below which atmosphere supplying respiratory protection must be provided. It exists in atmospheres where the percentage of oxygen by volume is less than 19.5 percent oxygen. QUALIFIED PERSON - means a person with specific training, knowledge and experience in the area for which the person has the responsibility and the authority to control. SITE SAFETY AND HEALTH SUPERVISOR - means the individual located on a hazardous waste site who is responsible to the employer and has the authority and knowledge necessary to implement the site safety and health plan and verify compliance with applicable safety and health requirements.
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS • VARIOUS SECTIONS OF THE MSDS (TYPICAL FORMAT) • SECTIONCONTENTS • I PRODUCT IDENTITY • II HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS • III PHYSICAL/CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS • IV FIRE/EXPLOSION/PHYSICAL HAZARD DATA • V REACTIVITY DATA • VI HEALTH HAZARDS DATA • VII PRECAUTIONS FOR SAFE HANDLING AND USE • VIII CONTROL MEASURES/PROTECTION INFORMATION • IX ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS TRADE SECRETS INFORMATION WITHHELD FROM A MSDS MUST BE PROVIDED DURING AN EMERGENCY OR AT THE REQUEST OF A PHYSICIAN. THE USER OF THE INFORMATION MUST AGREE TO KEEP THE INFORMATION CONFIDENTIAL.
Material Safety Data Sheet Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) provide the user general and specific information regarding the product. * Must have a date. * Must have a Manufacturer. * Must not have any blanks. * Must be update within 90 days of any new changes. * Must be available to all employees within their workday. I. General Information Trade Name & Synonyms Chemical Name & Synonyms Formula Chemical Family Proper DOT Shipping Name DOT Hazard Classification Manufacturer Manufacturer's Phone Number Manufacturer's Address Chemtrec Phone Number II. Ingredients Principal Hazardous Components Threshold Limit Value Percent III. Physical Data Boiling Point (F) Specific Gravity (H20 =1) Percent Volatile By Volume (%) Vapor Pressure (mm Hg.) Evaporation Rate (_____=1) Vapor Density (Air = 1) pH Solubility in Water Appearance & Odor IV. Fire & Explosion Hazard Data Auto Ignition Temperature Flash point (Test Method) LEL LEL Flammable Limits Extinguishing Media Special Fire Fighting Procedures Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheet • During any type of • emergency, a copy of the • MSDS should be used in • assisting in what type of • action will be taken. From • Cleanup to using the correct • protective clothing. • The MSDS is not the only • source that you have. Some • other sources are: • Technical Data Sheet • The Manufacturer • Scientific Studies • Chris Manual • Emergency Response Guidebook • Others V. Health Hazard Data ACGIH Threshold Limit Value OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit Carcinogen - IARC Program Carcinogen - NTP Program Symptoms of Exposure Primary Route(s) of Entry VI. Reactivity Data Unstable Stability Conditions to Avoid Stable Materials to Avoid Incompatibility Hazardous May Occur Conditions to Avoid polymerization Will Not Hazardous Decomposition Products VII. Environmental Protection Procedures Spill Response Waste Disposal Method VIII. Special Protection Information Skin Protection Eye Protection Respiratory Protection (Type) Ventilation Recommended Other Protection IX. Special Precautions Hygienic Practices in Handling & Storage Precautions For Repair & Maintenance of Contaminated Equipment Other Precautions
Material Safety Data Sheet Dipping Acid Matting Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid Acids I. General Information H2O4S Trade Name & Synonyms Chemical Name & Synonyms Formula Chemical Family Sulfuric Acid 8, UN1830 Corrosive DOT Hazard Classification Proper DOT Shipping Name Manufacturer Manufacturer's Phone Number Manufacturer's Address Chemtrec Phone Number 1-513-555-1111 ABC Corporations 1-800-424-9300 123 Face St Save, Ohio 33333
Material Safety Data Sheet Sulfuric Acid MSHA STD TWA 1 mg/m3 II. Ingredients Principal Hazardous Components Threshold Limit Value Percent OSHA PEL 8 H TWA 1 mg/m3 IDLH 80 mg/m3 93-99% Water 7-0.5%
Material Safety Data Sheet 1 mm @ 145.80 1.834 N/A III. Physical Data N/A Specific Gravity (H20 =1) Vapor Pressure (mm Hg.) Vapor Density (Air = 1) Percent Volatile By Volume (%) Evaporation Rate (_____=1) Boiling Point (F) Solubility in Water pH N/A Appearance & Odor 2900 2 Infinitely soluble Odorless Liquid
Material Safety Data Sheet N/A N/A N/A IV. Fire & Explosion Hazard Data Flash point (Test Method) Auto Ignition Temperature Dry Chemical or CO2 Flammable Limits LEL LEL Extinguishing Media N/A Special Fire Fighting Procedures Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazard Violent reaction with water.
Material Safety Data Sheet TWA 1 mg/m3 TWA 1 mg/m3 STEL 3 ppm NO V. Health Hazard Data ACGIH Threshold Limit Value OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit Carcinogen - IARC Program Carcinogen - NTP Program Inhalation Ingestion Skin Eyes Primary Route(s) of Entry NO Symptoms of Exposure Eye, Nose, Throat irritation Pulmonary, Bronchitis Emphysema, Stomatis, dental erosion Burns
Material Safety Data Sheet Stable Water Organic materials, chlorates, carbides, fulminates, water, powdered metals VI. Reactivity Data Unstable Stability Conditions to Avoid Stable Materials to Avoid Incompatibility Hazardous May Occur Neutralization polymerization Will Not Hazardous Decomposition Products ph Adjust Caustic Will Not N/A
Material Safety Data Sheet Do not touch or walk through spilled material; stop leak if you can do it without risk. Fully-encapsulating, vapor protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire. Use water spray to reduce vapor, do not put water directly on leak, spill area or inside container. Disposal must comply with Federal, State, and local Rules and Regulations. Reference: EPA 260-265. VII. Environmental Protection Procedures Spill Response Waste Disposal Method