Aim: How did the colonial experience under Great Britain lead to war for independence? Geography essays due today. Leave on corner of desk. I will be around to pick up. Do Now: Answer the following in your Notebooks. (Hint: Global History Age of Exploration Economic System?)What kind of Economic System was Operating in British North America?
British Mercantilism Raw materials from colonies England makes goods sells goods 2 colonies for Profit Economic policy used by the British in which the American Colonies served as a source of raw materials and a market to sell goods.
Period of time (1607-1763) when the British were lenient with the colonies Salutary Neglect Why? British leave colonies alone because they are making them $$ (profits) Results? • Leads to the development of independent colonial trade practices as well as a self sufficient government. • Colonies begin to trade on their own and govern themselves.
The Policy of Salutary Neglect “… I know that the Colonies in general owe little or nothing to any care of ours, and that they are not squeezed into this happy form by the constraints of watchful and suspicious government, but that, through a wise and salutary neglect, a generous nature has been suffered to take her own way to perfection; when I reflect upon these effects, when I see how profitable they have been to us…” In Edmund Burke's 1775 "Speech on Conciliation with the Colonies," the term "salutary neglect" was first used.
New England Colonies • Massachusetts • Connecticut • New Hampshire • Rhode Island Why they came? • Came so they could practice their religion (mostly Puritans) • Came to make money • Mostly farmers and fishermen Economy? • Made furniture, especially chairs • Made ships • Fished • Farmed - Grew corn and wheat • Bad soil for crops • Short growing season for crops
Middle Colonies • Delaware • Pennsylvania • New York • New Jersey Why they came? • Came to escape European Wars • Many Religions (free practice) • Farming • Lumber Economy? • Grew apples, wheat, corn, tobacco. • Produced Lumber for Ship Building • Ship Building • Textiles & Iron (Pennsylvania)
Southern Colonies • Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia Why they came? • Came to make money • Mostly farmers Agrarian – Farmer/Farming Economy? • Mainly grew tobacco, rice grapes, and indigo • Most growing was done on plantations • Great soil for crops • Long growing season for crops
Mayflower Compact (1620) • Virginia House of Burgesses • Town Hall Meetings Colonial Self Government Early colonial efforts in self-government All contributed to the development of representative democracy.
Classwork: Homework: Fill out the graphic organizer about the similarities and differences between the 13 British colonies Write at least one paragraph explaining how the colonial experience under Great Britain led to a war for independence. This will be collected for homework.