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Automation and Robotics

Automation and Robotics. What is the Difference?. Automation is the use of technology to ease human labor or to extend the mental or physical capabilities of humans.

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Automation and Robotics

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  1. Automation and Robotics

  2. What is the Difference? • Automation is the use of technology to ease human labor or to extend the mental or physical capabilities of humans. • Robotics is the specialized field of engineering and computer science that deals with the design, construction, and application of robots.

  3. Robot Generations • Machines, like the puppets in this theater, were designed to imitate human actions over 3,000 years ago.

  4. Robot Generations • First generation robots were designed to perform factory work. • Such robots performed simple tasks that were dangerous or unpleasant for people. • Robots were used to weld, spray paint, move heavy objects, handle hot materials, etc. 1961 - The first industrial robot was online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey. It was called UNIMATE. It was used to pick up and put down parts.

  5. Robot Generations • Second generation Robots perform more complex tasks and simulate many human functions. • Such robots move, sense surroundings, and respond to changes in their environment. SWORDS on Display U.S. Army Sgt. 1st Class Jason Mero (right) describes the capabilities of the SWORDS (Special Weapons Observation Remote Direct-Action System) robot to Garth Renn, an attendee at the Washington Auto Show, Washingon Convention Center in Washington D.C., Jan. 24, 2006. Defense Dept. photo by Gerry J. Gilmore.

  6. Today’s Robots Industrial robots perform many factory jobs • Welding • Painting • Assembly 4D’s • Dirty • Dull • Dangerous • disability

  7. Medical Robots Medical Robots • Assist with surgery • Transport materials • Dispense medicine • Communicate Lt. Col. Charles Reilly performs laser eye surgery on Senior Airman John Paul Marsh Aug. 23 at the newly opened Defense Department Joint Warfighter Refractive Surgery Center at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. The mobile robot (left) can roll to a patient's bedside and enable two-way, real time communication between a physician and a patient, patient's family, other physicians, and nurses. Photo by Army Institute of Surgical Research, September 28, 2007.

  8. Assistive Robots Assistive Robots • Eating • Walking • Cleaning • Grasping/reaching EL-E The Robot

  9. Exploratory Robots Explore • Space • Underwater • Military

  10. Household Robots Household Robots • Vacuum • Mow lawn • Clean

  11. Robots in Agriculture • identify, spray and pick individual pieces of produce from plants • Autonomous agricultural robots could protect human workers from the harmful effects of handling chemicals by hand. • Farms have tractors with automated steering and machines that can milk cows and till soil.

  12. Telerobots • control of robots from a distance, chiefly using wireless connections • Work at a distance mebot

  13. Robot Cars • Nevada is the only state that has a license for a self driving car.

  14. Rescue Robots • Withstand explosions • Crawl over boulders • Find its way through water • Deliver food • Deliver air packs • Deliver medicine • Assess potential hazards for rescue teams

  15. Robot Toys • Help children learn • ABCs • 123s • Provide Entertainment • Teach responsibility

  16. Automated Guided Vehicles • follows markers or wires in the floor, or uses vision or lasers. • most often used in industrial applications • no longer restricted to industrial environments.

  17. Robots in the future • Humanoid • Asimo • Modular • Self replicating • Sports • RoboCup • TOPIO

  18. Conclusion QuestionsGraded • Based upon the information shared in the presentations, which robot do you think will have the most significant impact on humans and why? • What concerns do you have about the future use of robots in our society? • What do you think about “giving up” control to a machine?

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