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  1. Broadway September 24th 3:20 pm - 5:00 pm

  2. What is Broadway A wide avenue in New York City, that runs the full length of Manhattan Collection of 40 theatres in the theatre district commonly known as Broadway Plays, musicals or special attractions performed on stage for an audience

  3. Where is Broadway The area from W.41st Street, where the Nederlander Theater is located, up to W. 53rd Street's Broadway Theater. Only four theaters are located physically on Broadway, the Marquis at 46th Street, the Palace at 47th Street, the Winter Garden at 50th Street and the Broadway at 53rd.

  4. Broadway, Downtown Manhattan

  5. Broadway Theatre District

  6. Broadway's Beginning's: 1750 New York did not have a significant theatre presence until about 1750, when actor-managers Walter Murray and Thomas Kean established a resident theatre company at the Theatre on Nassau Street, which held about 280 people.

  7. The old theatres of New York, 1750-1827. Second Park Theatre, 1830. Interior of the John-Street Theatre during the Revolution. First Park Theatre. Interior of the Old Park Theatre, 1805.

  8. Broadway's Beginning's: 1800’s

  9. Broadway Beginning’s :The 1800's 1840 - P.T. Barnum Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891) was an American showman, businessman, scam artist and entertainer, remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the circus that became the Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey Circus “There’s a sucker born every minute.”

  10. The American Museum 1842

  11. The American Museum Opened on January 1st, 1841 on the southeast corner of Broadway and Ann Street.

  12. American Museum Advertisements

  13. Admiral, There Be Whales Here!

  14. Burning of the American Museum

  15. The Lost Museum

  16. Barnum’s New American Museum 1865 - 1868

  17. “Barnum's Monster Classical and Geological Hippodrome” Barnum’s last major endeavor in New York was the building of his Hippodrome, a new performance venue, in 1871 at Madison Avenue and 26th Street. Hippodromes had been returning to popularity around the 1860’s and 1870’s, creating a rise in entertainment that revolved around the rings of a big top.

  18. “Gilmore’s Garden”

  19. Madison Square Garden 1879

  20. Madison Square Garden Today

  21. 1849 - Astor Place Riot A riot broke out in 1849 when the lower-class patrons of the Bowery objected to what they perceived as snobbery by the upper class audiences at Astor Place: "After the Astor Place Riot of 1849, entertainment in New York City was divided along class lines: opera was chiefly for the upper middle and upper classes, minstrel shows and melodramas for the middle class, variety shows in concert saloons for men of the working class and the slumming middle class. Broadway Beginning’s :The 1800's

  22. Astor Place Riot

  23. Broadway Beginning’s :The 1800's 1860's - Shakespeare and the Brothers Booth The plays of William Shakespeare were frequently performed on the Broadway stage during the period, most notably by American actor Edwin Booth who was internationally known for his performance as Hamlet. Booth played the role for a famous 100 consecutive performances at the Winter Garden Theatre in 1865 (with the run ending just a few months before Booth's brother John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln), and would later revive the role at his own Booth's Theatre.

  24. Edwin Booth

  25. Broadway Beginning’s :The 1800's 1866 - Birth of the musical The first theatre piece that conforms to the modern conception of a musical, adding dance and original music that helped to tell the story, is considered to be The Black Crook, which premiered in New York on September 12, 1866. The production was a staggering five-and-a-half hours long, but despite its length, it ran for a record- breaking 474 performances. The same year, The Black Domino/Between You, Me and the Post was the first show to call itself a "musical comedy

  26. The Black Crook! 1866

  27. Niblo’s Garden and the Black Crook

  28. Broadway Beginning’s :The 1800's 1880 – Vaudeville Vaudeville was a theatrical genre of variety entertainment popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s. Each performance was made up of a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill. Types of acts included popular and classical musicians, dancers, comedians, trained animals, magicians, female and male impersonators, acrobats, illustrated Songs, jugglers, one-act plays or scenes from plays, athletes, lecturing celebrities, minstrels, and movies. A vaudeville performer is often referred to as a vaudevillian. Called "the heart of American show business," vaudeville was one of the most popular types of entertainment in North America for several decades . Unlike a Broadway musical or play with a script to follow, Vaudeville was a series of acts presented by comics, singers, acrobats and other performers.

  29. Broadway Beginning’s :The 1800's 1885 - Transportation and impact of Thomas Edison's light bulb As transportation improved, poverty in New York diminished, and street lighting made for safer travel at night, the number of potential patrons for the growing number of theatres increased enormously. Plays could run longer and still draw in the audiences, leading to better profits and improved production values

  30. Broadway Establishment :The 1900's 1900 – Tin Pan Alley Hundreds of musical comedies were staged on Broadway in the 1890s and early 1900s made up of songs written in New York's Tin Pan Alley involving composers such as Irving Berlin George Gershwin, Scott Joplin , Cole Porter and George M. Cohan

  31. Broadway Establishment :The 1900's 1902 - “The Great White Way“ One famous stretch near Times Square, where Broadway crosses Seventh Avenue in midtown Manhattan, is the home of many Broadway theatres, housing an ever- changing array of commercial, large-scale plays, particularly musicals. This area of Manhattan is often called the Theater District or the Great White Way, a nickname originating in the headline "Found on the Great White Way" in the February 3, 1902 edition of the New York Evening Telegram. The journalistic nickname was inspired by the millions of lights on theater marquees and billboard advertisements that illuminate the area. Broadway shows installed electric signs outside the theatres. Since colored bulbs burned out too quickly, white lights were used.

  32. Broadway’s Rival and World War: The 1900’s-1920 1912 – Motion Pictures The motion picture mounted a challenge to the stage. At first, films were silent and presented only limited competition. By the end of the 1920s, films like The Jazz Singer were presented with synchronized sound, and critics wondered if the cinema would replace live theatre altogether.

  33. The Jazz Singer

  34. Birth of the Talkies

  35. Broadway’s Rival and World War: The 1900’s-1920 1917 - 1920 – The Great War

  36. Broadway and Roaring 20’s :The 1920's 1920 – The Ziegfeld Follies Florenz Ziegfeld produced annual spectacular song-and-dance revues on Broadway featuring extravagant sets and elaborate costumes, but there was little to tie the various numbers together.

  37. Ziegfeld Follies

  38. Broadway and Great Depression :The 1930's 1929 – The Great Depression The Great Depression had a big on impact on Broadway productions. The 1929-30 season produced 233 productions. The 1930-31 season was reduced to 187 productions. It has been calculated that the talent that Hollywood absorbed from Broadway was in the vicinity of 75% In spite of the Depression, or maybe because of it, the decade of the Thirties proved to be a rich experience for Broadway. While many of the theaters remained dark and many actors migrated to the Golden Coast of Hollywood, Broadway managed to grow, experiment and mature. Though the number of productions declined, the quality of offerings was ever brighter, more polished and thought-provoking. The cry for dramatic realism of the previous forty or fifty years was finally realized

  39. Broadway and Rise of World War 2: The 1940's The fact that Europe was at war was not lost on Broadway on the first two years of the decade. Robert Sherwood's Pulitzer winning There Shall Be No Night about the Russian invasion of Finland opened on April 29th, of 1940, starring Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne. Sherwood graciously donated his proceeds of the play to the American Red Cross and the Finnish War Relief Fund to further their resistance to Russia.  As World War II approached, a dozen Broadway dramas addressed the rise of Nazism in Europe and the issue of American non-intervention. The most successful was Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine, which opened in April 1941. In 1943 Oklahoma! opened on stage. For the first time, music, comedy, drama, dance, and staging were totally integrated to produce a single show: a musical in which the chorus didn't appear until 40 odd minutes after the curtain went up; a comedy, which rather violently killed off a major character. The show seemed an instant success with fans outraged that scalpers were getting up to $12.00 for orchestra seats which sold at the box-office for $4.40. It soon became apparent that a second cast would be necessary to fulfill the tour engagements. Oklahoma! ran for five years at the St. James, logging over 2200 performances.

  40. Oklahoma!

  41. Broadway and Post World War 2: The 1950's Guys and Dolls - The premiere on Broadway was in 1950. It ran for 1200 performances and won the Tony Award for Best Musical. The musical has had several Broadway and London revivals, as well as a 1955 film adaptation starring Marlon Brando, Jean Simmons, Frank Sinatra and Vivian Blaine. The King and I - The musical was an immediate hit, winning Tony Awards for Best Musical, Best Actress (for Lawrence) and Best Featured Actor (for Brynner). Lawrence died unexpectedly of cancer a year and a half after the opening, and the role of Anna was played by several actresses during the remainder of the Broadway run of 1,246 performances. A hit London run and U.S. national tour followed, together with a 1956 film for which Brynner won an Academy Award. In later revivals, Brynner came to dominate his role and the musical, starring in a four-year national tour culminating in a 1985 Broadway run shortly before his death. Both professional and amateur revivals of The King and I continue to be staged regularly throughout the English-speaking world. West Side Story - A modern day Romeo and Juliet whose largest and most culturally significant themes throughout the play is racism/violence. This is expressed through the conflict between the sharks and jets which comes to symbolize the conflict between Puerto Ricans and poor whites in New York city during the 1950's and can be applied on a broader level to symbolize racial tension in general.

  42. Broadway’s Cultural Cynicism: The 1960's 1968 – Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical Hair broke all the rules en route to creating a new sub-genre. The show's feeble plot is like the string on which a bunch of pearls are hung. Outrageous comic vignettes. Infectious, seditious songs. Hair was created by the ‘60s and the anti-war movement, but it created the rock musical, a form continuing to be explored and expanded today. Given the number of Top 40 hits that came out of the show, it’s safe to say Hair added a new lane to Broadway.

  43. West Side Story

  44. Broadway and the Rise of the Rock Musical in 1970’s 1971 – Jesus Christ Superstar It highlights political and interpersonal struggles between Judas Iscariot and Jesus, struggles that are not in the Bible. The resurrection is not included. It therefore largely follows the form of a traditional passion play. 1971 – Godspell An adaption of the musical, in a modern-day song-and-dance recreation of the Gospel of St. Matthew. 1972 - Grease Good girl Sandy and greaser Danny fell in love over the summer. But when they unexpectedly discover they're now in the same high school, will they be able to rekindle their romance? 1975 – The Whiz an all-black retelling of The Wizard of Oz, had a score brimming with rock and rhythm & blues

  45. Jesus Christ Superstar

  46. Broadway Turns a Corner in the 1980’s 1987 – Les Misérables The story of Jean Valjean, a burly French peasant of abnormal strength and potentially violent nature, and his quest for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his starving sister's child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a kindly bishop inspires him to, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert. Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists make their last stand at a street barricade.