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AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT EFFORTS IN KARACHI. MALIK ZAHEER-UL-ISLAM. NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF URBAN AIR QUALITY OF PAKISTAN. (December 13 - 15, 2004) Lahore, Pakistan. KARACHI MASS TRANSIT. 1947. 1957. 1987. 2004. CITY PROFILE. AREA (DISTRICT) 3,520 Sq.Km

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Air quality management efforts in karachi

AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT EFFORTS

IN

KARACHI

MALIK ZAHEER-UL-ISLAM

NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF URBAN AIR QUALITY OF PAKISTAN

(December 13 - 15, 2004)

Lahore, Pakistan



Air quality management efforts in karachi

1947

1957

1987

2004

CITY PROFILE

AREA (DISTRICT) 3,520 Sq.Km

URBAN AREA 1,800 Sq.Km

POPULATION (ESTIMATED) 14 Million

POPULATION GROWTH RATE 4%

Growth Trend

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL


Air quality management efforts in karachi

CITY PROFILE- Contd

  • KATCHI ABADIES 550 (55% OF POPULATION)

  • ROAD NETWORK 7400 KM

  • REGISTERED VEHICLES 1.3 MILLION

  • COMPOSITION

    • PRIVATE CARS 45 %

    • MOTOR CYCLES 38 %

    • MCRS 3 %

    • TAXIS 3.2%

    • BUS / MINI-BUSES 1.6%

    • TRUCKS 1.6%

    • OTHERS (D-VANS, PICKUPS ETC.) 7.6%

    • AVERAGE VEHICLE INCREASE / DAY 203


Air quality management efforts in karachi

CITY PROFILE- Contd

  • ANNUAL VEHICLE GROWTH 13%

  • SOLID WASTE GENERATION 8000 TONS/DAY

  • INDUSTRIAL AREAS

    AREA (ACRES) NO. OF PLOTS

  • SITE (1947) 4460 1956

  • KORANGI (1961) 3500 2700

  • NORTH KARACHI (1983) 1029 280

  • TYPE OF INDUSTRIES : ENGINEERING, TEXTILES, CONSUMER GOODS, AUTO PARTS, LEATHER PRODUCTS,PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS,BASIC CHEMICALS, PAINTS, LPG PLANTS ETC.


Air quality management efforts in karachi

  • AIR POLLUTION LEVEL

    BASED ON VARIOUS SURVEYS / STUDIES AIR POLLUTION LEVELS IN THE CITY HAVE EITHER CROSSED SAFE LIMITS OR HAVE REACHED THE THRESHOLD VALUES.


Air quality management efforts in karachi

ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP

  • AUTHORITY: CITY DISTRICT GOVERNMENT KARACHI

  • TOWNS 18

  • UNION COUNCILS 178

  • CANTONMENT BOARDS 6



Major environmental issues
MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

  • URBAN CHAOS

    • CONGESTION, LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE, LACK OF PLANNING AND COORDINATION

  • DEGRADED ROAD ENVIRONMENT

    • POOR CONDITION OF VEHICLES PLYING

    • POOR CONDITION OF ROADS

    • BAD ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR

  • INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION

    • NEGATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS

  • POLLUTION FROM POWER PLANTS / GENERATORS

    • OPERATION OF POWER PLANTS / GENERATORS WITH FURNACE OIL / DIESEL

  • SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

    • IMPROPER DISPOSAL OF INDUSTRIAL / DOMESTIC / HOSPITAL AFFLUENT AND WASTE



Air quality management efforts in karachi

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL


Air quality management efforts in karachi

Karachi Travel Demand

(Mechanised Trips-2004)

  • Trip Generation /day Over 13.6 million

  • Public Transport (B/MB/C/CC) 52%

  • Private / Para-transit 48%


Fuel consumption impact on environment
FUEL CONSUMPTION & IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT

  • FUEL CONSUMED (2001- 02)

    • GASOLINE 729 Tons/ day

    • DIESEL 1780 Tons/ day

  • AIR POLLUTION DUE TO DIESEL DRIVEN VEHICLES (CONSERVATIVE ESTIMATES)

    Tons/ day

    • CO2 4770.40

    • HYDROCARBONS 4.63

    • SULPHUR DIOXIDE 33.82

    • NITROGEN OXIDES 19.58

    • CARBON MONOXIDE 77.43

    • PARTICULATE MATTER 4.27


Assessment of air quality in karachi 2002 by suparco
Assessment of Air Quality in Karachi- 2002 by SUPARCO

  • Concentration of TSP & PM 10 in ug/m3 at different sites of Karachi and around cement plants


Assessment of air quality in karachi 2002 by suparco contd
Assessment of Air Quality in Karachi- 2002 by SUPARCO (Contd.)

USEPA PERMISSIBLE LIMIT

(24h) FOR TSP IS 260 µg/m3

USEPA PERMISSIBLE LIMIT

(24h) FOR PM 10 IS 150 µg/m3


Improvement programmes
IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMMES

  • UPDATING OF KARACHI MASTER PLAN

  • REVAMPING OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM

    • INDUCTION OF EURO-II AND CNG ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY BUSES

    • CONVERSION OF AUTO RICKSHAWS TO CNG

  • LOW COST TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SCHEMES:

    • BUS LANES, BUS STOPS, INTERSECTIONS IMPROVEMENT, URBAN TRAFFIC CONTROL, SMV FACILITIES - FOOTPATHS ETC.

    • CREATION OF VEHICULAR FREE ZONE- PEDESTRIAN MALLS IN DOWN TOWN


Air quality management efforts in karachi

  • CAPITAL INTENSIVE TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMMES:

    • CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS INCLUDING FLYOVERS / UNDER PASSES ETC.

      - NORTHERN BY PASS

      - LYARI EXPRESSWAY

    • MOTOR VEHICLE TESTING AND DRIVERS’ TRAINING PROGRAMMES THROUGH PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP BASES

  • DEMAND MANAGEMENT

  • REVITALIZATION OF KCR

  • IMPLEMENTATION OF RAIL BASED MASS TRANSIT PROJECT ON PRIORITY-I CORRIDOR


Revamping of public transport public private partnership approach
REVAMPING OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT(PUBLIC / PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP APPROACH)

KPTS

Routes in Operation = 10

Buses / Coaches = 230

UTS (CDGK + GOS)

Routes in Operation = 10

Existing Bus Fleet = 200

Buses to be inducted = 300

(by Dec 2004)

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL


Air quality management efforts in karachi

KARACHI CIRCULAR RAILWAY (KCR)

(1964 – 2004)

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL


Air quality management efforts in karachi

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT PROGRAMME

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL


Components of priority action plan
COMPONENTS OF PRIORITY ACTION PLAN

  • Corridor- I

  • Stage-I

  • Tower to Sohrab Goth -15.2 k.m

  • Stage-II

  • Extension upto New Sabzi Mandi-8 k.m

  • Corridor-II

  • Cantt. Station to Orangi Town – 13.4 k.m

  • KCR

  • Revitalization and Up-gradation-58 k.m

  • Total: 86.6 k.m

  • (Serve 60% + commuters)

KARACHI MASS TRANSIT CELL


Study in hand
STUDY IN HAND

  • THE CDGK IS UNDER TAKING A STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) OF THE OPERATION OF VEHICULAR TRAFFIC WITH THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES:

    • TO CREATE THE BASELINE DATA TO DETERMINE AND ESTIMATE THE EXTENT OF POLLUTION AND THE DAMAGES DONE TO THE HEALTH AND LIVING ENVIRONMENT

    • IDENTIFICATION OF REMEDIAL MEASURES AND THE MOST APPROPRIATE COURSE OF ACTION FOR ABATEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR


Study in hand contd
STUDY IN HAND- Contd

  • BROADER TASKS WILL INCLUDE:

    • ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEM DUE TO DIFFERENT FUELS IN USE

    • IDENTIFICATION OF THE ROLE OF CULTURAL PRACTICES OPERATING IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF THE CITY

    • ESTIMATION OF THE COST OF ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION RESULTING FROM PRESENT DILEMMA IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR