North Korea By: Stephanie MacKinnon Namgoo Yoo
North Korea Soviet Union, the Peoples Republic of China Substantial investments in their military forces. Goal was to reunify Korea with the beliefs of the North. They planned to do this with force. South Korea Japan, United States Belief in Democracy Awesome Country North Korea’s History • 1945 August 15th Korea gains liberty from the Japanese. • ( Independence Day)
Born 1941 Before the independence of Korea, fought against Japan <- treated as hero The Only president of the country (after he is dead, he became “Eternal president.”) He developed the self-reliance communism “Juche.” Kim Il-Sung
Kim Jung Il • Born on 16 February 1941 • He was really into “film making”– loves movies. • Took the titles of General Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea and Chairman of the National Defense Commission on October 8, 1997 • Personally, he does not agree with or does not like the way North Korea is heading. • Adopted “Military-First” Policy
Belief system • Juche–“being original and independent” • Motto of North Korean government • Self sufficient • “North Korea is a totalitarian dictatorship and one of the most restricted countries in the world”-Amnesty International, United Nations, Freedom House
Government system In a sentence, North Korea’s government is a single party state with Stalinist and authoritarian government. Based on “Juche” idea, North Korea likes to take its own path –self independence, even though the path usually end up meeting a dead end.
Government Chart • The real head of state: Kim Jong il Chairman of the National Defense Commission of North Korea • The legislature of North Korea: Supreme People’s embassy – led by President Kim Young-nan. • Senior government – Premier Kim Young-il
The North Korean government controls everything they possibly can. • Televisions and radios are distributed ( only receiving government paid programming) and forbidden altered to receive out of country programming. Their media claims that the U.S.A started the Korean War. • Citizens are not free to speak their minds and punishes those who criticize the country or its government. • Can’t drive cars unless you have political power. (Proven by satellite photos)
Questions • What do you believe motivates the government to commit such acts? • Does Publicly displaying torture make it worse? • Do you think its our place to help? What would you do to help? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nBzHCVv5GeQ
Religion • 100 000 Buddhist • 10 000 Protestants • 4 000 Catholics • 500 Churches • Unconfirmed if there are any catholic priest • Chinese help smuggle in bibles and other religious material.
Where the politically reliable or healthy citizens live. Food and housing are at its best here. You cannot live within the city if you are physically or mentally handicap. Mandatory resettlement is considered punishment. City of Pyongyang A satellite picture comparing the amount of electricity used between North and South Korea
Visiting or Immigrating • As a visitor you are constantly watched and forbidden from many areas. • Immigration is nearly nonexistent • The few who have chosen this life • Forced to accept their way of life • Or not accepted at all and sent to prison camps. • Unless they become part of the government. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ajATPo-HUfY&feature=related
Questions • How would you feel in Lisa Ling’s position? • How do you feel about the areas of the country restricted to visitors? Are they Hiding something? If so what? • What are your thoughts on the importance of Military and Nuclear weapons in North Korea?
Civilian Consequences • People who refuse to conform political and social values are often tortured and imprisoned. • Lee Soon Ok testified on her own time of imprisonment. She lost eight of her teeth and suffers facial paralysis. • Reported many tortures and deaths of the individuals in her camp. This includes the killing babies alive and unborn. • The testing of chemical weapons on prisoners with the the use of gas chambers.
http://blogs.nationalgeographic.com/channel/blog/2007/02/explorer_korea.htmlhttp://blogs.nationalgeographic.com/channel/blog/2007/02/explorer_korea.html • POSTED FEBRUARY 27, 2007Inside North KoreaLisa Ling • I have traveled to many places on many continents, but I never felt my personal freedom limited as much as it was during our time in North Korea. North Korea is usually off-limits to foreigners—especially to Americans. • In order to film the work of Dr. Ruit, a Nepalese eye surgeon, the only way that I could enter the secretive state was to go undercover posing as part of his medical team. Ruit’s goal is to heal patients in poor countries who have gone blind from cataracts. • My cameraman and I hoped that we would also get glimpses of real life in North Korea. It turned out to be one of the hardest assignments I had. • The government sent us six (!) minders who accompanied us all the way from Katmandu, Nepal to North Korea and back. In Pyongyang they took away our passports and cell phones. There wasn’t a moment when we could wander off and walk around unobserved. I had to stay within eyesight of the hotel, so I jogged in circles around the compound. This is what prison must feel like. • The only North Korean citizens we were officially allowed to film were Dr. Ruit’s patients. The number of people who came to see him was overwhelming. In the developed world cataracts hardly ever cause blindness, and mostly elderly people are affected. • Here, children and old people alike had lived in the dark for years. All were hoping for a miracle. We witnessed Dr. Ruit and his team operate on more than one thousand people in only six days. It was an act of unbelievable stamina, and proved Dr. Ruit’s deep-rooted humanity. • Then the crucial day arrived. A thousand fearful and expectant patients with their eyes bandaged were gathered in one room. What would happen when the bandages come off? Nobody knew and everybody, including us, held their breaths. Dr. Ruit went up to every single person, talked to each one soothingly – and slowly took off the bandage. • One by one, we witnessed the miracle happening. Old women saw their grandchildren and children their parents for the first time after years in the dark. But what was so remarkable was that immediately after regaining their sight, rather than thanking the doctor, people started crying and bowing and giving thanks in front of pictures of the Dear Leader Kim Jong Il and his father, Kim Il Sung as hundreds clapped and cheered in unison. I never saw such an extreme personality cult before