Why Did Korea Split? -After Japan surrendered in WW2 it’s empire was dismantled -Korea was occupied in the north by communist powers and capitalist in the south -This led to the division of Korea along the 38th parallel -In 1946-1948 North Korea became communist under Kim II-Sung's rule
Korean War 1950-1953 -North Korea invaded South Korea -USA came to aid the South -After a series of battles fought over the border, General MacArthur recaptured Seoul -He continued into North Korea -An Armistice signed on July 27, 1953 ended the war
Prominent Leaders -Kim II Sung -Kim Jong iI -Kim Jong-Un
Who is targeted -Christians -Non-Communists -If you were sent to a concentration camp, your family would be taken as well through 3 generations -Anyone who displeases the government -Not “Ethnically” North Korean
The Genocide -The Korean War itself is considered by many to be part of the genocide -Throughout the 60s the North Korean government continued to kill people who did not believe in the way of government or committed “crimes” -Nearly 80% of all the women who fled the country were sold into sex slavery -Infanticide was committed to stop future generations of “traitors”
Methods of Killing -Burning alive -Beheading -Firing squads -Variety of torture -Starvation -Forced Abortions
Is This A Genocide? Genocide (a) Killing members of the group; (b) Causing serious bodily harm, or harm to mental health, to members of the group; (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The World’s Response -North Korea is a hostile state -Attempts have been made to help those who escape -But it is difficult to help people within the country -The UN and almost every humanitarian group condemns their actions but does little to help
Current Status of North Korea GDP-$17.40 Billion Life Expectancy-70.4 in 2015 Literacy- 99% Type of Government-Totalitarian Main Industry- Military products, mining, textiles
“The Korean War (1950-1953).” SparkNotes, SparkNotes, www.sparknotes.com/history/american/koreanwar/summary.html. Free World Maps. (2017). North Korea. [online] Available at: http://ttp://www.freeworldmaps.net/asia/northkorea/location.html [Accessed 27 Nov. 2017]. “Genocide Alerts: North Korea.” Genocide Watch, genocidewatch.net/2013/03/20/genocide-alerts-north-korea/. “Inside North Korea's barbaric jails where prisoners dig their own graves.” Mirror, 21 June 2017, www.mirror.co.uk/news/real-life-stories/north-korea-prisons-otto-warmier-10653494. Genocide.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Nov. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocide. Fact Sheets & Briefs.” UN Security Council Resolutions on North Korea | Arms Control Association, www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/UN-Security-Council-Resolutions-on-North-Korea.