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North Korea

North Korea. Luciano Ramirez. Population. The estimated population of North Korea is 22,757,275. The median age is 33.9 years. The life expectancy is 61.53 years. Almost all are ethnic Koreans. There are very small Chinese and Japanese minorities. Language.

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North Korea

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  1. North Korea Luciano Ramirez

  2. Population • The estimated population of North Korea is 22,757,275. • The median age is 33.9 years. • The life expectancy is 61.53 years. • Almost all are ethnic Koreans. • There are very small Chinese and Japanese minorities.

  3. Language • The official language of North Korea is Korean. • There are almost no linguistic minorities in North Korea.

  4. Religion • There are Christian, Confucianist, and Buddhist sects in North Korea. • There are no autonomous or independent religious organizations • All religious groups are state sponsored to provide the illusion of religious freedom.

  5. Food • North Korean food includes typical Korean cuisine. • Kimchi, a dish made out of spiced pickled cabbage , is the staple food of the Korean people. • Another popular food is banchan, made out of the vegetable of the same name, with cabbage, radish, or cucumbers. • Even with the severe shortage of food in North Korea, there people still make traditional dishes.

  6. Economy • The North Korean economy is one of the most centralized and least open in the world. • The economy of North Korea faces chronic problems, such as lack of capital, rampant inflation, supply shortages, food shortages, and underinvestment. • Its GDP is $28 billion (2009 est.) • Its primary industry is the manufacturing of military products. • Others include machine building, chemicals, and the mining of various minerals. • China is its chief trading partner and supplier.

  7. Education • It is mandatory for all children to attend school. • Students are taught about Juche, politically correct vocabulary, and revolutionary rhetoric in order to be indoctrinated. • The limiting of vocabulary and education by the state has turned even uneducated North Koreans into loyal servants of the government. • People background usually determines whether or not they attend college. The children of Party members and military officers usually do.

  8. Family and Marriage • Marriage between members of the ruling class and the lower classes is highly frowned upon. • Weddings are only mere ceremonies. There is no party, feast, or honeymoon. • The domestic unit is the nuclear family. • Since most North Koreans have small living spaces, having larger families are restricted.

  9. Greetings and Gestures • Handshakes are common greetings, so are bowings. • The younger or lower-status person always bows first. • The most common greeting is Annyonghaseyo? (literally, “Are you at peace?”) • Different variations of the above phrase are used depending on the person. • Touching between strangers is considered to be rude. • Sitting in a relaxed manner is considered rule. • One never looks a superior in the eye.

  10. Holidays • The following is a list of North Korean holidays, most political in nature and several are centered around Kim Il Sung and his family: • People’s Day (Feb. 8) • Kim Jong Il’s Birthday (Feb. 16) • Kim Il Sung’s Birthday (Apr. 15) • May Day (May 1) • Young Pioneer’s Day (Jun. 6) • National Foundation Day (Sep. 9) • Workers’ Party Day (Oct . 10)

  11. National Symbolism • North Korea’s current flag and state seal were created in 1948. • The national anthem is “Aegukka” (“The Song of Patriotism”), although songs praising Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il have largely replaced it. • North Koreans are strongly loyalty to Kim Il Sung’s family, and worship and the state. • On public occasions North Koreans wear a ‘Kim Il Sung badge’, which they wear on their chests as a sign of loyalty to the government. • Almost impossible to see North Koreans without their badge.

  12. The Arts • Production of arts and literature is completely controlled by the state. • Film industry is more developed than literature because of Kim Jong Il’s involvement. • Literature is produced by state officials, and tends to be pedantic, predictable, and completely boring. • In North Korean novels, human relationships are oversimplified and then overshadowed by people’s servitude to the state and leader. • Characters are almost never unique in most novels.

  13. The Arts (cont.) • Graphic art in North Korea is a mixture of traditional art and Western art. • Large murals of Kim Il Sung can be found in Pyongyang, to which people practically gather and worship. • There are statues depicting war heroes from WW2 and the Korean War. • Many more statues, paintings, and sculptures present Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il’s family. • Sin Sang-ok and Ch'oi Un-hui are North Korea’s most famous directors. They have produced many films such as The Blanket and Heroes without Name.

  14. Architecture • North Korea is mostly rural • Basic facilities such as running water and electricity are usually undeveloped and nonexistent for most of population. • The capital, Pyongyang, is filled with many austere buildings, traffic-less roads, and clean streets. • Back streets in Pyongyang are dirty and crowded. • Many golded statues of Kim Il Sung dot capital. • Notable buildings include People’s Study Hall, Pyongyang Grand Theatre, Children’s Palace, Mansudae Art Hall, Korean Revolutionary Museum, and Kim Il Sung University. • City dwellers live in apartment buildings. • Individual houses with basic commodities are reserved for Party members.

  15. Sports and Recreation • Soccer is North Korea’s national sport, although volleyball is played more often. • Table tennis and basketball are also popular. • Sunday is the worker’s day of rest. • Television is very popular and widely available, although there is strict control on TV channels and content.

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