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Humans Try to Control Nature. Any ideas how?. Paleolithic Age. Old Stone Age That old pale stone. Humans before written records. Were generally nomads or wandered from place to place in search of food . How did they get their food? Hunter/gatherers They lived in clans or tribes

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paleolithic age

Paleolithic Age

Old Stone Age

That old pale stone

humans before written records
Humans before written records
  • Were generally nomadsor wandered from place to place in search of food.
    • How did they get their food?
      • Hunter/gatherers
  • They lived in clans or tribes
  • Had oral language
  • Technology: digging tools, knives, needles, harpoons, etc.
what was the greatest achievement of the paleolithic era
What was the greatest achievement of the Paleolithic Era?
  • The ability to use FIRE!
  • Any idea why this is so important?
human movement
Human Movement

Ice Bridge

From: Fertile Crescent

To: All Continents

-except Antartica

neolithic revolution

Neolithic Revolution

Shift from food gathering to food production

methods used for food production
Methods used for food production
  • Slash and Burn Farming: cut trees and grasses and burn to clear field, next year move on to a new location
  • Domestication: taming animals by farms and pastoral nomads (cattle ranchers)
  • Irrigation: diversion of water to crop

fields by means of canals and ditches

birthplace of agriculture
Birthplace of Agriculture
  • Jarmo (in Iraq)
  • ZargosMtns have good environmental conditions for wild grains and animals
  • Discovered by Robert Braidwood
results of agriculture
Results of Agriculture
  • on population…
  • on jobs…
  • on nomadic way of life…
what are the advantages and disadvantages to living in a village
What are the advantages and disadvantages to living in a village?

Advantages

Cultural development

Food surplus

Protection

Religion

Access to goods

Easy Travel

Brings animals

Disadvantages

Flood

Fire

Natural disasters

Disease

Easy for enemies to reach you

Brings animals

earliest cities
Earliest Cities

Allepo

Jericho

Nippur

Ur

five factors common to civilization why is each important
Five Factors Common to CivilizationWhy is each important?
  • Cities
    • Large population
    • Trade center
  • Job specialization
    • You do one job
    • Artisan
  • Institutions
    • Government
    • Religion
    • economy
  • Record Keeping
    • Tracks laws, debts, payments, etc
    • Writing needed
    • Scribes
    • Cuneiform
  • Advanced Technology
    • arts and architecture,
    • public works,
    • bronze
reasons civilizations change
Reasons Civilizations Change
  • Changes in Physical Environment
    • Weather Changes.
    • Floods and other natural catastrophes.
  • Interaction With People
    • War
    • Building of City-States
    • Empire building
    • Trade