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When Nature and Humans Collide. Times Beach, Missouri. Times Beach, Missouri. Times Beach was founded in 1925 along the Meramec river - summer resort town (st. Louis) 1925 - purchase of a 20 x 100 ft (6 by 30 m) lot for $67.50 included a six-month newspaper subscription.In its early years.

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times beach missouri1
Times Beach, Missouri
  • Times Beach was founded in 1925 along the Meramec river - summer resort town (st. Louis)
  • 1925 - purchase of a 20 x 100 ft (6 by 30 m) lot for $67.50 included a six-month newspaper subscription.In its early years
times beach missouri2
Times Beach, Missouri
  • the Great Depression and WWII --> town became a community of mostly low-income housing although (a few families spent winters in the city and summers in Times Beach as late as 1970)
  • one small grocery store and one gas station on old Highway 66 to serve the residents
times beach missouri3
Times Beach, Missouri
  • Prone to flooding throughout its history
  • 1st buildings were built on stilts
  • town experienced a devastating flood three weeks before an announcement by the EPA which led to the town's evacuation by 1985 and complete demolition by 1992.
times beach missouri4
Times Beach, Missouri
  • The site of Times Beach now houses a 419 acre state park commemorating Route 66
  • In the early 1970s the town could not afford to pave its dirt roads & had dust problem
times beach missouri5
Times Beach, Missouri
  • city hired Russell Bliss to oil the roads in the town
  • between 1972 & 1976 Roads sprayed with waste oil
  • Bliss subcontracted to haul waste for the Northeastern Pharmaceutical and Chemical Company (NEPACCO - During the Vietnam War producer of Agent Orange)
times beach missouri6
Times Beach, Missouri
  • waste clay & water removed from plant contained levels of dioxin some 2,000 time higher than the dioxin content in Agent Orange
  • dirt roads of Times Beach were sprayed with the lethal material
times beach missouri7
Times Beach, Missouri
  • The EPA began to visit Times Beach in 1982, taking samples and tests that identified dangerous levels of dioxin in Times Beach soil.
  • In December, 1982, the Meramec River flooded, further spreading the contamination of the town and other areas.
times beach missouri8
Times Beach, Missouri
  • panic spread through the town and every illness and animal death was attributed to dioxin
  • President Ronald Reagan formed a dioxin task force to study the effects of the chemical and in early 1983; the EPA announced the town buyout for $32 million dollars.
times beach missouri9
Times Beach, Missouri
  • 1985, the entire population of +2,000 had been evacuated (except 1 elderly couple who refused to leave)
  • town was dis-incorporated
  • entire site was quarantined as residents moved on to other areas
times beach missouri10
Times Beach, Missouri
  • site sat silent behind barricades protecting public from the toxic threat
  • 1996 and 1997 the government removed 265,000 tons of contaminated soil and debris from Times Beach and 28 other sites in eastern Misouri at a cost of $110 million dollars
  • After the soil was incinerated, the incinerator was dismantled and the site was turned over to the State
hinkley california1
Hinkley, California
  • Unincorporated settlement in Mojave Desert
  • location of a compressor station for PG&E's massive natural gas transmission pipelines
  • natural gas has to be re-compressed approximately every three-hundred and fifty miles
hinkley california2
Hinkley, California
  • station uses large cooling towers to cool the compressors
  • The water used in these cooling towers contained Hexavalent Chromium to prevent rust in the machinery
  • Since the water was stored between uses in unlined ponds, it ultimately severely contaminated the groundwater in the town
hinkley california3
Hinkley, California
  • PG&E knew water contaminated but tried to cover it up - tried to buy property, tell people the chemical was safe found in vitamins
  • 1996 class action law suit --> $330 million to 648 plaintiffs
cameron missouri1
Cameron, Missouri
  • Border Clinton & Dekalb counties
cameron missouri2
Cameron, Missouri
  • Original function was --> house of entertainment
  • 1830 --> Isaac Baldwin opened a Post office
  • Sold whiskey for $0.25 a gallon & $.10 for a jug of H20
  • For $20 would take people to St. Joseph’s 48 hour trip
cameron missouri3
Cameron, Missouri
  • Part of hound dog trail (now US route 36 & interstate 72)
  • Connected St. Joseph’s Hannibal (Missouri’s 2nd and 3rd largest cities prior to civil war 1861-65)
cameron missouri4
Cameron, Missouri
  • Became railway town pop from 100 in 1859 to 3,000 in 1881
  • 1883-1930 - College town Wesleyan College run by Methodist Church
cameron missouri5
Cameron, Missouri
  • Now most people employed in health care & Education
  • Pop in 2000 --> 8, 312
  • Pop in 2010 --> 9, 279
cameron missouri6
Cameron, Missouri
  • Pharmacist Steve Erickson 1st to notice something wrong
  • Large # of tumors - many benign not reported to health department
  • Citizens concerned about large # of brain tumors and cancers in the town
  • Since 1996 - 70 cases
  • june 2008 - town meeting to discuss concerns
  • history
cameron missouri7
Cameron, Missouri
  • EPA involved in testing to determine the cause
  • October 2008 - test on old landfill
  • Found formaldehyde, metals, dioxins & furans, pesticides, semi-volatile organic compounds & volatile organic compounds
  • All except one soil sample (lead) all levels below screening levels
  • Erin Brockovich
cameron missouri8
Cameron, Missouri
  • Aug. 2008 EPA soil test on former Rockwood industries plant (insulation company)
  • Found high levels of lead and arsenic but not life threatening
  • Feb. 2009 EPA - test on drinking water near quarry no problems
  • April 22, 2009 - Cameron Brain tumor lawsuit (William Kemper (wife Karen) & Janet Lasher (lung cancer) filed by Erin Brockovich
cameron missouri9
Cameron, Missouri
  • Prime Tanning Corp - use of Hexavlaent chromium to remove hair from hides
cameron missouri10
Cameron, Missouri
  • 1983-2009 - waste sludge given to farms in Buchanan, Dekalb, Andrew & Clinton as free fertilizer

lawsuit

cameron

chernobyl ukraine1
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • City began in 1193 as a hunting lodge
  • Politically changed hands many times --> Lithuania, Poland and Russia
  • Part of U.S.S.R from 1921 until 1991 (independent)
  • 1964 site chosen for 1st nuclear power plant on Ukrainian soil
chernobyl ukraine2
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • April 26, 1986 (mid-night)reactor #4 exploded (near town of Pripyat)
  • 4 workers killed instantly
  • 4 days later residents of Prypyat ordered to evacuate
  • Worst nuclear disaster in the world
  • Chernobyl
chernobyl ukraine3
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • Further explosions & fire sent a plume of highly radioactive Fallout into the atmosphere & over an extensive geographical area
  • 400 times more fallout was released than had been by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima
chernobyl ukraine4
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • plume drifted over extensive parts of the western USSR, Eastern, western and Northern Europe, & as far away as Eastern North American
  • Large areas in Ukraine, Belarus & Russia were badly contaminated--> evacuation and resettlement of over 336,000 people
  • According to official post-Soviet data~ 60% of the radioactive fallout landed in Belarus
chernobyl ukraine5
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • The countries of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus have been burdened with the continuing and substantial decontamination & health care costs of the Chernobyl accident
  • difficult to accurately quantify the number of deaths caused by the events at as the Soviet-era cover-up made it difficult to track down victims
chernobyl ukraine6
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • Lists incomplete, and Soviet authorities later forbade doctors to cite "radiation" on death certificates
  • The overall cost of the disaster is estimated at US$200 billion
chernobyl ukraine7
Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • World Health Organization (WHO), attributed 56 direct deaths (47 accident workers, and nine children with Thyroid Cancer
  • ~ 4,000 extra cancer deaths among the approximately 600,000 most highly exposed people
  • Chernobyl Exclusion Zone & certain limited areas remain off limits, the majority of affected areas are now considered safe for settlement and economic activity
chernobyl ukraine15
Chernobyl, Ukraine

tourism

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