The Bill of Rights. Added to Constitution Dec. 15, 1791. The Constitution and the laws passed by Congress have created Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. A. Civil Liberties—protection against government action 1. Examples: freedom of religion, speech, and press.
Added to Constitution Dec. 15, 1791
A. Civil Liberties—protection against government action
1. Examples: freedom of religion, speech,
B. Civil Rights---positive acts of government that seek to make the Constitutional liberties a reality for all people.
1. Includes prohibitions of discrimination
on the basis of race, sex, religion, national
origin set out in the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Exception: the unwritten right to travel freely inside the country is not given to non citizens.
The right of citizens to travel freely inside the United States.
A free country cannot exist without the right of free expression.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,
or prohibiting the Free exercise thereof;
The Supreme Court ruled this way because it was off school grounds, not required by the school, not financed by the school, and the students had parental permission.
Ruling differently would have infringed upon parents rights to raise their children.
Can a state require that the school day begin with a written prayer even though students did not have to participate and the prayer was non-denominational ?????????????
The state of Arkansas argued that evolution was a religious doctrine “Secular Humanism”.
Its basic tenets may be summarized as:
1.Humans have inherent value and can solve human problems
2. All knowledge is gained through rational process (organized religion is denied)
3. Science and rational thought are enhanced through democracy and free speech
Can a city have a nativity scene included in a holiday display, on government property, if it part of a display that also includes Santa and other non religious items???
Can a local government have a holiday display, on government property, that celebrates the birth of Jesus by displaying a banner that says “Glory to God in the Highest”?
Using the argument of separation of church and state, can a state deny a student a scholarship that he or she has earned based on grades and test scores, because they plan to use that scholarship to go to a religious school and become a priest/minister?
1. Fellowship of Christian Athletes.
2. Rally around the pole.
3. A church group who would like to use the school facilities after the school day for worship.
1. Is the purpose of the aid secular (non religious)?
2. Does the primary effect of the aid neither advance nor inhibit religion?
3. Does the aid avoid excessive entanglements of government with religion?
Examples of Lemon Test in use:
1. State can not pay salary of parochial teachers.
State can pay parochial schools money to administer state sponsored test
State can provide funds to provide an interpreter for a deaf student at a parochial school.
Law protects those in congregation that might not believe in handling snakes---especially children.
Can the state require that children go to school up to a certain age even if a religious group (Amish) want to take them out of school after the 8th grade?