ABC’s of History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ABC’s of History

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  1. ABC’s of History Calvin Lourens

  2. A Abstain - to not take part in some event Affluence – the state of having wealth Ambush – surprise attack Arsenal – a storage place for weapons and ammunition

  3. B Back country – a region of hills and forest Bicameral – consisting of two houses , chambers , especially in a legislature. Blockade runner – a ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area. Burgesses – elected representatives to an assembly

  4. c Canal – artificial water way Capital – money for investment Cede – to give up by treaty Caravel – a small fast ship with a broad bow

  5. D Debtor – a person that owes money Decree – an order or decision given by authority Disarmament – removal of weapons Diversity – a variety of difference

  6. E Effigy – a rag figure representing an unpopular individual Emancipation – freeing from slavery Entrenched – occupying a strong defensive position Export – a good sold from another country

  7. F Famine – an extreme shortage of food Freedman – a person freed from slavery Frigate - warship Fugitive – running away or trying to run away

  8. G Genocide – the deliberate destruction of radial, political, or cultural group Global warming – a steady increase in average temperature all over the world Greenback - refers to paper currency that was issued by the US during the American civil war Guerilla – referring to surprise Attack or raids rather than organized warfare

  9. H Holocaust – the name given to the mass slaughter of the Jews and the other groups by the Nazis during WW2 Habeas Corpus – a legal order for an inquiry to determine weather a person has been lawfully imprisoned Horizontal Integration – the combining of competing firms into one corporation Hieroglyphics – an ancient form of writing using symbols and pictures to represent words, sounds, and concepts

  10. I Impeach- to formally charge a public official with misconduct Implied Powers – powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution Import – buying goods from a foreign market Ironclad – armored naval vessel

  11. J Joint Occupation – the possession and settling of an area shared by 2 or more countries Judicial review – the right of the supreme court to determine if a law violates the constitution. Jackson, Andrew – mainly known for being the seventh president Judicial Branch – the branch of government, including the federal court system that interprets the nations laws

  12. K Kansas-Nebraska Act – Kansas was located above the 36 30 parallel and it became slave state but from then on no states above it may be slave states Bleeding Kansas – when Kansas was holding a vote about slavery it ended up having a mini civil war in it and it became known as bleeding Kansas King George III – was the king of G.B. during the American Revolution When the U.S. gained Freedom. Kentucky – one of the United States founded in 1792

  13. L Laissez Faire – a policy that government should interfere as little as possible with the nations economy Landslide – an overwhelming victory Lynching – putting to death by the illegal action of a mob Literacy – the ability to read and write

  14. M Maize – an early form of corn grown by native Americans Majority – more than half Marshall, John – chief justice in Marburry v. Madison and McCullouch v. Maryland Mission – religious settlement

  15. N Naturalized Citizen – to give an immigrant full citizenship Neutral - taking no side in conflict Nullify – to cancel or make ineffective Non importation – the act of not importing certain goods

  16. O Ordinance – a law or regulation Offensive – position of attack or attacking Override – to overturn or defeat as a bill passed by congress Oppose – to take other side

  17. P Petition – a formal request Partisan – favoring one side Privateer – armed private ship Pilgrimage – a journey to a holy place

  18. Q Quakers - a religious group , very tolerant . Came to America in search of religious Freedom. Quebec, Battle of – a battle in Quebec in which the French lost Quartering of troops – when your forced to house and feed soldiers Quebec Act – it set up a system of government I Quebec

  19. R Radical - extreme Recruit – enlist soldiers into the army Ratify – to give official approval Repeal – cancel an act or a law

  20. S Secede – leave or withdraw Sectionalism – loyalty to a region Shays Rebellion – led by farmer Daniel Shay they did this to keep their land Sherman, William Tecumseh – He thought he could predict the future everyone thought he was crazy

  21. T Texas – gained by the U.S. in 1845 and became an United State Tea Act – when Samuel Adams went to the Boston harbor and dumped all of the tea into the ocean Tennessee - became an United State in 1796 Tippecanoe, Battle of – an American victory in the American Revolution

  22. U Unalienable Right – a right that cannot be surrendered Unconstitutional – not agreeing with the constitution Utopia – a community based on a vision of a perfect community Union – during the civil war in the north people who were against slavery

  23. V Vaquero – Hispanic ranch land Veto – to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law Virginia, Jamestown – the first permanent English settlement of America Vigilantes – people who take the law into their own hands

  24. W War of 1812 – between the British and America ended by treaty Washington, George – the first president and led the continental army to victory Whitney, Eli – a successful Inventor known for the cotton gin Washington, Martha – the wife of George Washington

  25. X XYZ Affair – In 1797 when John Adams sent three delegates to France to bribe for a loan. He didn’t get this loan ,and this became known as the XYZ affair

  26. Y Yankee – union soldier Yeoman – southern owner of a small farm who did not enslave people Yorktown, Virginia – last battle of the American Revolution

  27. Z Zenger, John Peter –was charged for telling ,the people that read the newspaper, that free speech was a right .