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Nationalism in India & SW Asia. 14.4. Promises Broken with Consequences. British gvt. promised Indian self-rule in exchange in help during WWI – break promise Rowlatt Acts passed to stop dissent Protesters could be jailed for 2 yrs w/o trial Amristar Massacre causes anger amongst citizens.

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promises broken with consequences
Promises Broken with Consequences
  • British gvt. promised Indian self-rule in exchange in help during WWI – break promise
  • Rowlatt Acts passed to stop dissent
    • Protesters could be jailed for 2 yrs w/o trial
  • Amristar Massacre causes anger amongst citizens
mohandas k gandhi
Mohandas K. Gandhi
  • Gandhi preaches civil disobedience
    • Non-violence
    • Boycotts
    • Strikes
  • The Salt March
    • Indians required to buy salt from gvt.
    • Gandhi & followers walk 240 miles to sea to make their own salt
    • Police attack a peaceful demonstration on salt factory
    • Salt factory protest video - "Gandhi"
turkey
Turkey
  • Mustafa Kemal leads Turkey in victory over Greeks – becomes president
  • Reforms:
    • Separates laws of Islam from laws of gvt.
    • Abolishes religious courts
    • Women’s suffrage and can hold public office
    • Industrializes Turkey and increases economy
saudi arabia
Saudi Arabia
  • Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud unifies Arabia and names country Saudi Arabia after family
  • Keeps strict religious law & traditions
  • Modernization limited to certain areas
  • Oil discovered in Middle East – 2/3 of world’s oil in Middle East
  • Western countries invest and try to control oil rich countries