India & the Aryans http://www.harappa.com/indus/7.html Aryans Invaded South Asia 2000 BCE – 600 BCE Nomadic Pastoral Economy: Cattle were highly prized Principal measure of wealth Became sacred centuries later Military: chariots Contributions of the Aryans… Sanskrit – sacred language
social scale must meet higher expectations.
navel of Vishnu
(heads represent 4 Vedas)
samsarathe soul reaches a state of purity
ending the cycle…moksha
1.founded by Siddhartha Gautama-vowed to discover the reasons for human suffering. He wandered in India for 6 years seeking wisdom or enlightenment. He tried many different “paths” including eating just six grains of rice a day. If he was poked in his stomach his backbone could be felt. He came close to starvation.
Spokes represent belief, speech, aims, conduct, occupation, effort, thinking, and concentration.
One of 18 schools of Buddhism
Property allowed to a Buddhist monk