Unit 1: short stories. Figurative Language. Figurative language is language that communicates meanings beyond the literal meanings of words. These words are often used to symbolize ideas and concepts they would not otherwise be associated with.
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Figurative language is language that communicates meanings beyond the literal meanings of words. These words are often used to symbolize ideas and concepts they would not otherwise be associated with.
**Writers use figurative language to create effects, to emphasize ideas, and to evoke emotions.**
Afigure of speech is a form of expression used to convey meaning or heighten effect often by comparing or identifying one thing with another that has a meaning or connotation familiar to the reader or listener.
Figurative language uses figures of speech to convey ideas.
If you’re having trouble understanding what figurative language is, think about this:
Example: His cat bit me on the ankle;
it had teeth like a shark.
afigure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using the word “like” or “as”
afigure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unlike but have something in common (does NOT use “like” or “as” to compare)
Example: Your eyes are stars – they burn so brightly.
afigure of speech that compares two essentially unlike things at some length and in several ways (does NOT use “like” or “as” to compare)
The cafeteria is a jungle
Wild animals scrambling for food
Grunting like wild boars
Stampeding to the line
Devouring their prey
Cleaning their paws
and then returning to their dens
afigure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect
Example: “I’m so hungry, I could eat a whole elephant!” - Rolly
a figure of speech that creates emphasis by saying less than is actually or literally true (opposite of hyperbole)
Example: “It’s just a flesh wound!”
afigure of speech in which human qualities are given to an object, animal, or idea
Example: The palm trees bowed and danced as the wind grew more and more energetic.
Irony is a special kind of contrast between appearance and reality-usually one in which reality is the opposite of what it seems.
There are 3 types of irony.
A contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens
The reader or viewer knows something that a character does not
Exists when someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another (sarcasm)
**Understatement can be a form of verbal irony**
A struggle between opposing forces
Man vs. Self
A literary conflict that takes the form of a
character struggling to overcome fear,
addiction, emotional damage, or some other personal issue.
Man vs. Man
The most straightforward type of conflict pits the protagonist directly against another character with apparently opposing aims.
Man vs. Nature
This type of conflict pits a story's main character
or characters against a natural force such as a
flood, predatory animal, or disease epidemic.
Man vs. Society
In many stories, the protagonist battles an unjust
element of government or culture.
An emotion, desire, physical need, or similar impulse that acts as an incitement to action.(The reason why a character does what he/she does.)
Write a 1-page suspenseful story based on this picture. What type of conflict will your story include? What are your characters’ motives? What’s the climax and resolution of your story?
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
What’s a symbol?
A person, place, object, color or activity that stands for something beyond itself
Example: A white dove is a symbol for peace.
Point of View: the method of narration used in a story
In other words… Who is telling the story?
The Scarlet Ibis is written in the first person point of view.
The Most Dangerous Game is written in the third person point of view.