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Jainism. Sikhism. AND. By: Chad McBride, Sam Moore, and Jack Wolfe. What is Jainism?. Over 2500 years old Practiced by around 5 million people, mostly in India Observe non-violence toward all living beings called Ahimsa Try to move soul towards divine consciousness and liberation

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by chad mcbride sam moore and jack wolfe

Jainism

Sikhism

AND

By: Chad McBride, Sam Moore, and Jack Wolfe

what is jainism
What is Jainism?
  • Over 2500 years old
  • Practiced by around 5 million people, mostly in India
  • Observe non-violence toward all living beings called Ahimsa
  • Try to move soul towards divine consciousness and liberation
  • Worship no gods
  • Not very ritualistic
who founded jainism
Who founded Jainism?
  • No single founder
  • Jainism was founded by many Tirthankaras that “make a ford” or “show the way”
    • A Tirthankasas is an ordinary soul that is born human and works towards becoming a teacher of Jainism
    • “Prophets”
  • Mahavira- gave Jainism its present day form
    • The last great Tirthankara of Jainism
    • Often wrongly called the founder of Jainism
core beliefs
Core Beliefs
  • Every living being has a soul
  • Every soul is potentially divine
    • Godly but masked by its karmas
  • Harm nobody and be kind to all living beings
  • Every soul is the architect of its own life
core beliefs cont d
Core Beliefs (cont’d)
  • Practice self-control because your decisions can lead you away from the true nature of the soul
  • Limit possessions
  • Jains worship icons of Jinas, Arihants, and Tirthankaras. No gods though.
  • Life Goal: Liberate soul from negative effects of bad thoughts, speech, and actions
slide6
Diet
  • Practice strict vegetarianism
  • Forbidden to use any leather or silk products
  • Cannot consume any root vegetables
    • Potatoes, garlic, onions, carrots, turnips, etc.
  • Cannot consume any seeds either because a seed is a form of life
  • Do not touch or use any sharp objects around the house or in the kitchen on certain days
religious practices
Religious Practices
  • Make pilgrimages to sacred sites
  • Attend temples
  • Revere the Tirthankaras
  • Observe holy days:
    • MahavirJayanti (The birth of Mahavira)
    • ParyushanaParva (A festival of fasting and forgiveness)
    • MahavirNirvan (Celebrates death of Mahavira
diffusion
Diffusion
  • Started in India around 500 bc
  • Didn’t spread out until recently
    • ~100,000 followers now in North America
  • Hierarchical diffusion- Religion spread through the teaching of monks
  • Contagious diffusion- Media and internet have helped gain more followers outside India
holy places
Holy Places
  • Temples- places to worship
      • Best places on peaks or mountains
  • Upashray- Where monks and nuns live
  • No particular “sacred ground”
conflicts
Conflicts
  • No major conflicts because practice nonviolence and peace
  • Did split into 2 groups because tensions between monks of North and South
    • Vetämbara monks wear white clothes.
    • Digambara monks sometimes wear no clothes at all
what is sikhism
What is Sikhism?
  • Monotheistic religion in India
  • Founded in Punjab district during the 1500’s
  • 20 million followers
  • Seek to make religion unite people, not divide
  • All people are equal because children of the same god
founder
Founder
  • Guru Nanak (1469-1538)
  • Born and raised Hindu
  • Disciple of Hindu and Muslim teachers
  • Started gaining followers after a mystical realization in 1499
    • Sikhs are disciples of the gurus and of the ultimate guru, god
  • Preached unity between Hindu and Muslim religions
  • Behind all forms of god is the “true god”
  • Rejected rituals for true devotion
beliefs
Beliefs
  • One God, but many names
    • Sat Nam “true name”
    • Waheguru “great guru”
  • Equality for all human beings
  • Karma and reincarnation
  • Reject monastic life
common practices
Common Practices
  • Mediate and pray in mornings and evenings
  • Honesty and hard work
  • Charity
  • Service
  • Strong family ties
  • Strong identity with the Sikh community
  • Also abstain from smoking, drinking and drugs
the 5 k s
The 5 K’s
  • Kesh: Long, uncut hair
    • Men wear turbans over hair
  • Kangha: Special comb to keep hair clean
  • Kara: Steel bracelet worn on right wrist
    • Reminder of god and of duties
  • Kachh: undergarments
    • Reminder of purity and chastity
  • Kirpan: Sword that symbolizes god’s power and protection for the weak
diffusion1
Diffusion
  • Founded in India and still very widespread
  • Sikh gurus traveled into and sent missionaries to Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, etc to spread the word
  • Recently media and internet have helped show religion to a broader audience
  • Also example of hierarchical diffusion because influenced by people in charge
  • Becoming more widespread throughout world
holy places1
Holy Places
  • Harmandir- “Golden Temple”
    • Center of worship for all Sikhs in the world
    • Surrounded by healing water
  • Many other temples for worship
conflicts1
Conflicts
  • Have been some conflicts between Sikhs and other religions
  • May 1984, Sikh extremists occupied golden temple and made it a safe haven for terrorists
    • Government of India sent troops and had to take temple by force. 493 total casualties.
    • Angered Sikhs
  • Since 1940’s the Sikhs have been trying to create a independent nation for themselves named Khalistan.
    • Carved out of the Punjab state in India
    • Probably never happen since in an area of good agriculture
works cited
Works Cited
  • Robinson, BA. Jainism. N.p., 10 Oct. 2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.
  • Jainism. Jainworld, 2011. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.
  • Jainism: Mahavira. BBC- Religions, 10 Sept. 2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.
  • Sikhism. Religion Facts, 2011. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.
  • Sikh Beliefs. BBC- Religions, 24 Sept. 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.
  • Cline, Austin. Sikh Controversies. About.com, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.
  • The Sikh Way of Life. Sikhs.org, 2011. Web. 13 Jan. 2012.