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A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS. Scott McLaughlin Daniel Wolfe NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory February 4, 2002 Boulder, Colorado. NOAA R/ET7 325 Broadway Boulder, CO 80305 (303) 497-6473, 0r 6204 scott.a.mclaughlin@noaa.gov, daniel.wolfe@noaa.gov.

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a new etl 449 mhz wind profiler for tars
A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

Scott McLaughlin Daniel Wolfe

NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory

February 4, 2002

Boulder, Colorado

NOAA R/ET7

325 Broadway

Boulder, CO 80305

(303) 497-6473, 0r 6204

scott.a.mclaughlin@noaa.gov, daniel.wolfe@noaa.gov

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

team members
Team Members
  • Air Force
    • Stan Zduniak
    • Richard Hayton
    • Robert Esser
  • ETL
    • Scott McLaughlin
    • Dan Wolfe
    • Tom Ayers
    • Bob Weber
    • Dave Welsh
    • Dave Merritt
    • Dan Law
    • Jim Jordan
    • Karen Martin
    • Dick Strauch
    • Matt James
    • Rich Lataitis
    • M.J. Post
    • Al Bedard
  • Lockheed-Martin
    • Paul Lambridies
    • Jeff Porter
  • FSL
    • Margot Ackley
    • Doug Van De Kamp
    • Leon Benjamin

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

sponsor
Sponsor

United States Air Force

Air Combat Command

Program Management Squadron

Tethered Aerostat Radar System (TARS)

Langley, Virginia

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

slide4
TARS
  • “The primary mission of TARS is to provide critical low- altitude radar surveillance of the southern approaches into the US and selected areas of the Caribbean. This program supports air sovereignty and counter-drug operations conducted by DoD (North American Aerospace Defense Command and US Atlantic Command) and Law Enforcement Agencies (US Customs Service and US Coast Guard).” [http://www2.acc.af.mil/lg/cons/lgco/tars.htm]

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

tars sites
TARS Sites

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

tars sites6
TARS Sites

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

etl history with tars part i
ETL History with TARS Part I
  • 404 MHz Profiler El/Az Yagi Antenna
    • 1988: Strauch, Moran, Bedard, Nishiyama, Merritt
    • Real-time winds and Acceleration of RASS development
  • 915 MHz
    • 1990 or 1991: Jordan
  • Procurement Package developed
    • Developed in mid 1990’s, then cancelled…

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

404 mhz radar 1989
404 MHz Radar, 1989

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

404 mhz tests as tars site
404 MHz Tests as TARS Site

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

etl history with tars part ii
ETL History with TARS Part II
  • ETL Aerostat Weather Workshop
    • 1998, Bedard
  • ETL 449 MHz Tests at Ft Huachuca
  • “Aerostat Meteorological Hazards Handbook”
    • Feb. 2001, Bedard
  • MOU with ETL for 449 MHz wind profiler
    • 1999, Post
  • ET4 449 MHz Tests at Ft Huachuca
    • Oct. 1999
  • Operational 449 MHz Radar Wind Installed
    • Oct. 2001

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

portable 449 mhz tests

Oct 1999

Portable 449 MHz Tests

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

partnership benefits
Partnership Benefits
  • Air Force does not have to become Radar Wind Profiler Experts
  • NOAA/NWS obtain quality data in data-sparse regions
  • NOAA/ETL are able to stay abreast of and implement latest techniques for RWP’s

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

direct noaa impacts
Direct NOAA Impacts
  • Improve:
    • Knowledge of Hurricane Dynamics
    • Hurricane Landfall Forecasts
    • Southwest Monsoon Flow Forecasts
    • Midwest Severe Storm Forecasts
    • Gulf Coast Severe Weather Forecasts
    • Regional and Seasonal Predictive Climate Models

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

requirements
Requirements
  • Real-time High Quality Winds
    • Highest possible temporal and spatial resolution
    • 4 km minimum height coverage
    • User friendly Displays
  • Low Cost and Reliable w/Minimal Maintenance
  • Commercial Off-the-Shelf Components

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

final design i
Final Design I
  • ETL acts as prime integrator
    • Assess and Use Latest Technology
  • 449 MHz System
    • to guarantee height coverage
  • Almost all commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components
  • 2-kW peak power transmitter

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

final design ii
Final Design II
  • Vaisala/CRADA radar components
    • (Receiver, Interface, Dwell Engine LAPXMTM)
  • 18-element coaxial-collinear antenna
  • Weber et al., Signal Processing System
  • TARS Site Real-time Data Interface
  • Hardware Monitor System

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

boulder integration and testing
Boulder Integration and Testing

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

installation
Installation

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

radar site 1
Radar Site 1

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

radar site 2
Radar Site 2

Oct 2001

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

radar site 3
Radar Site 3

Aerostat

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

antenna
Antenna

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

antenna underside
Antenna Underside

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

2 way dividers
2-Way Dividers

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

electronics racks
Electronics Racks

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

dehydrator ups and bsu
Dehydrator, UPS, and BSU

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

environmental
Environmental

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

final amplifer
Final Amplifer

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

new 6 way divider with monitoring
New 6-Way Divider with Monitoring

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

hardware monitor and communications
Hardware Monitor and Communications

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

hardware monitor display
Hardware Monitor Display

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

etl advanced signal processing system sps
ETL Advanced Signal Processing System (SPS)
  • Developed by Weber, Wuertz, Wilfong, Welsh, Merritt, and Wolfe
  • Multi-dimensional database coupled with:
    • Multiple-signal Detection
    • Moments Calculation
    • Signal Identification
    • Meteorological Products Calculation
    • Graphical Displays

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

data flow
Data Flow

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

dwell pc lap xm spectra display
Dwell PC, LAP-XM Spectra Display

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

signal processing pc
Signal Processing PC

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

ft huachuca user pc
Ft. Huachuca User PC

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

profiler testing and validation at bao
Profiler Testing and Validation at BAO
  • CNS & SPS Time Resolution
  • Tower Comparison

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

60 30 sps

SPS 60 min Average Data No QC

60 30 SPS

SPS 30 min Average Data No QC

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

15 cns sps

CNS 15 min Average Data No QC

15 CNS SPS

SPS 15 min Average Data No QC

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

etl sps 5 15 qc d data
ETL SPS 5-15 QC’d Data

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

etl sps 5 15 qc d data 1 2002
ETL SPS 5-15 QC’d Data 1/2002

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

bao 300m data may 20 2000
BAO 300m Data, May 20, 2000

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

cns standard commercial processing may 20 2000 wind storm
CNS Standard Commercial Processing May 20, 2000 Wind Storm

Height km-AGL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

noaa signal processing system may 20 2000 wind storm
NOAA Signal Processing System May 20, 2000 Wind Storm

Height km-MSL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

testing and validation at ft huachuca
Testing and Validation at Ft Huachuca
  • EPG 915 MHz Profiler
  • Standard CNS vs ETL SPS processing
      • EPG 915 CNS, EPG Balloon, FTH CNS, FTH SPS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

tars site
TARS SITE

AEROSTAT

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth epg tars
FTH, EPG, TARS

EPG 915 MHz

FTH 449 MHz

TARS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

3 d map
3-D map

FTH to EPG ~ 7 miles

EPG Elev 1444m

FTH Elev 1471m

Highest Peak 2251m

San Pedro River

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

1:15 Height

B Stankov

epg 915 mhz
EPG 915 MHz

FtH 449 MHz

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

epg 915 cns 200m 60 min
EPG 915 CNS 200m 60 min

Height km-AGL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

epg 915 cns 100m 60 min
EPG 915 CNS 100m 60 min

Height km-AGL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth 449 cns 100m 30 min
FTH 449 CNS 100m 30 min

Height km-AGL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

noaa sps 5 15min avgs
NOAA SPS 5/15min avgs

Height km-MSL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

cns vs sps 6 days speed
CNS vs SPS 6 Days Speed

30 min

Averages

100m Res

Speed CNS

Corr = .95

Speed SPS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

cns vs sps 6 days direction
CNS vs SPS 6 Days Direction

30 min

Averages

100m Res

Direction CNS

CORR = .86

Directions CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

cns 12 hours jd 325
CNS 12 hours JD 325

Height km-AGL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

sps 12 hours jd 325
SPS 12 hours JD 325

Height km-MSL

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

improved spatial coverage 1

FTH449 1 km-AGL CNS (*)

Improved Spatial Coverage 1

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

improved spatial coverage 2

FTH449 1.8 km-AGL CNS (*)

Improved Spatial Coverage 2

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

improved spatial coverage 3

FTH449 2.5 km-AGL CNS (*)

Improved Spatial Coverage 3

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth 449 etl sps vs cns
FtH 449 ETL SPS vs CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth 449 etl sps vs cns62
FtH 449 ETL SPS vs CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth 449 etl sps vs cns63
FtH 449 ETL SPS vs CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth 449 etl sps vs cns64
FtH 449 ETL SPS vs CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fth 449 etl sps vs cns65
FtH 449 ETL SPS vs CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

balloon vs profiler dir 11 30 2001
Balloon vs Profiler Dir11/30/2001

Balloon Red

EPG CNSGrn

FTH CNSBlk

FTH SPSBlu

Direction

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

balloon vs profiler spd 11 30 2001
Balloon vs Profiler Spd11/30/2001

Balloon Red

EPG CNSGrn

FTH CNSBlk

FTH SPSBlu

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

Speed kts

vertical motion measured 5 15
Vertical Motion Measured 5/15

Note, reference scales are reversed

Vertical Motion Calculated 5/15

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

noaa forecast systems lab
NOAA Forecast Systems Lab

NPN

BLP

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fsl cns
FSL CNS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

fsl sps
FSL SPS

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

tars operations center
TARS Operations Center

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

tids 1
TIDS 1

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

tids 2
TIDS 2

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

future
Future
  • Hurricane Proof System
  • GOES Link
  • Continuing Validation
    • (Ft Huachuca thunderstorm season)
  • Installations at Cudjoe Key, Puerto Rico, “West to East”
  • RASS and GPS TPWV

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

cudjoe key fl dual aerostats
Cudjoe Key, FL Dual Aerostats

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

cudjoe map
Cudjoe Map

TARS

Wind Profiler

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

navy communications site
Navy Communications Site

Wind Profiler Site

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

navy comms site
Navy Comms Site

Wind Profiler Site

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS

slide80
pics

Presentation: A New ETL 449 MHz Wind Profiler for TARS