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African Empires - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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African Empires

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  1. African Empires

  2. #1: Point out 3 things about the map

  3. Bantu Migration • 3,000 BC - Farmers, herders • Known for: Iron working, slash and burn • Over 1,500 yrs, they migrated to S. Africa • Cultural blending: • Swahili – Arabic and Persian & Bantu • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUdRSDcDQlY

  4. #2: Think about synchronized swimmingThen, infer what religious syncretism means.

  5. Religion in Africa • Animism – • The belief that spirits are present in animals, plants, and other natural objects • Islam – • Spread into Northern Africa through trade and conquest • Christianity – • Brought into the Kingdom of Aksum • Religious Syncretism – • Blending of religions

  6. #3: Locate the Sahara desert. What would be worth the travel across the desert to trade?

  7. Trans Saharan Trade • Forests in West Africa – deposits of gold • However, lacked salt • Sahara desert rich in salt • Cultural blending

  8. #4. Draw the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.

  9. Ghana • Became rich from taxing traders • Commanded an army and controlled trade • Influenced by Islam • Muslim Almoravids conquered and disrupted Ghana’s trade

  10. #5. What was the artist trying to portray in this picture?

  11. Mali • New gold found east of Ghana • Twice size of Ghana • Sundiata – first great warrior leader of Mali • Mansa Musa – ruler of Mali who went on hajj • Gave away enormous amounts of gold • Europeans learned of Mali’s wealth • Timbuktu – famous city in Mali, mosques, universities

  12. #6. What can you infer from the names of two famous Songhai leaders below? Sunni Ali Askia Muhammad

  13. Songhai • New gold fields developed eastward • Sunni Ali - military leader who expanded territory • Conquered Timbuktu • Askia Muhammad – took over after Ali’s son was not a Muslim • Led empire at its peak

  14. #7. Predict how Songhai might fall. (The last of the West African Empries)

  15. The Fall • Songhai lacked modern weapons • 1304 – Arabs developed first gun • 1591 – Moroccan army invaded Songhai with gunpowder and cannons • Ended a 1,000 year period of powerful West African kingdoms