Classification
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Classification . How many species???. Each year, researchers report more than 15,000 new species They estimate there are 8.7 million species on the planet, plus or minus 1.3 million. Taxonomy.

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How many species
How many species???

  • Each year, researchers report more than 15,000 new species

  • They estimate there are 8.7 million species on the planet, plus or minus 1.3 million


Taxonomy
Taxonomy

  • Branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their different characteristics.


The diversity of life has unity
The Diversity of Life has Unity

  • All living things have cell

  • All living things have DNA or RNA


Carolus linnaeus father of modern taxonomy
Carolus LinnaeusFather of modern taxonomy


Rules of binomial nomenclature
Rules of Binomial Nomenclature

Genus

  • First Word

  • Capitalized

  • Underlined or italicized

  • Ex. Acer or Acer


Rules of binomial nomenclature1
Rules of Binomial Nomenclature

Specific Epithet (species)

  • Second Word

  • Lower case

  • Underline or italicized

  • Ex. lubricoides or lubricoides


Examples
Examples

  • Homo sapiens

  • Homo sapiens

  • If you are writing it by hand it MUST be Underlined


Taxon s
Taxon’s

  • categories of organisms grouped by similar characteristics

    • Kingdoms – broadest category (6 kingdoms currently)

    • Species – most specific category


Species organism that can reproduce and create viable offspring
Species –organism that can reproduce and create viable offspring

  • Viable means offspring that can also reproduce

  • Exceptions- mule or zebroid




Pneumonic device to learn classification system and human
Pneumonic device to learn classification system and human offspring

Kings Play Cards On Fridays Generally Speaking

Kevin Please Come Over For Great Soup

You may use one of these or make you own


Create one for the classification of man
Create one for the classification of Man offspring

A___________

C___________

M___________

P___________

H___________

H___________

S____________



Taxonomy1

Taxonomy offspring

Started out with 2 categories

Plant or Animal


Had a 3 4 5 now use a 6 kingdom system of classification
HAD A 3 -> 4 -> 5 -> NOW USE A 6 Kingdom system of Classification

  • 1 – Eubacteria

  • 2 – Archeabacteria

  • 3 – Protista

  • 4 - Fungi

  • 5 - Plant

  • 6 – Animal

  • It may change to an 8 or 12 kingdom but right now it remains a 6 kingdom system


Eubacteria
Eubacteria Classification

  • Bacteria that live in extreme environments

  • Prokaryotes

  • Examples Swamps, hydrothermal vents, seawater evaporating ponds


Archeabacteria
Archeabacteria Classification

  • all other types of bacteria

  • Prokaryotes

  • Most are harmless but some may cause disease


Protista
Protista Classification

  • Eukaryotes

  • Characteristics of both plant and animal

  • Examples algae, protozoa, and slime molds


Fungi
Fungi Classification

  • Eukaryotes

  • No chlorophyll cannot make own food

  • Heterotrophs

  • Mushrooms


Plantae
Plantae Classification

  • Multicellular eukaryotes

  • Photosynthetic

  • Nonmotile


Animalia
Animalia Classification

  • Multicellular eukaryotes

  • Heterotrophs

  • Usually mobile

  • Most have a nervous system