CLASSIFICATION. Why Classification? * study the diversity of life. * group and name organisms in a logical manner. Taxonomy : science of classifying living things using scientific names. Early Classification. Aristotle: 350 B.C.
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* study the diversity of life.
* group and name organisms in a logical
Taxonomy: science of classifying living things using scientific names.
* Greek philosopher who classified organisms into two kingdoms: Plants or Animals
Plants: size and structures
Animals: behavior and habitat
* What might be some problems with his system????
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Phrase to remember order of levels:
Dear, King Phil Came Over From Germany
Scientists avoid using common names to prevent confusion because they vary from region to region.
Eastern Blue JayWestern Blue Jay
Rules for writing scientific names
Genus: first word - first letter capitalized
Species: second word - lowercase
Both are underlined or italicized
EX: Homo sapiens : Human beings
Sialia sialis: Eastern Bluebird
*DNA Comparison- DNA sequences