America Becomes an Imperial Power - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

shalom
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
America Becomes an Imperial Power PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
America Becomes an Imperial Power

play fullscreen
1 / 38
Download Presentation
America Becomes an Imperial Power
141 Views
Download Presentation

America Becomes an Imperial Power

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. America Becomes an Imperial Power

  2. 1. Social Darwinist Thinking The Hierarchyof Race

  3. 1. Social Darwinist Thinking Take up the White Man’s burden- Send forth the best ye breed- Go bind your sons in exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild- Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. Rudyard Kipling 1899 The White Man’sBurden

  4. 2. Religious/Missionary Interests • Reverend Josiah Strong became a foundational figure in the Social Gospel Movement, that fused the ideas of Social Darwinism and American Protestantism. • His book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Present Crisis 1885, sparked Amer. imperialism abroad. American Missionariesin China, 1905

  5. 3. Commercial/Business Interests Economic depression of 1893 necessitated expansion to further trade and rescue economy.

  6. 3. Commercial/Business Interests U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908

  7. 3. Commercial/Business Interests American Foreign Trade:1870-1914

  8. 4. Military/Strategic Interests The fear the the U.S. was falling behind the rest of Europe in its turn of the century colonial binge.

  9. 4. Military/Strategic Interests Alfred T. Mahan  The Influence of Sea Power on History: 1660-1783

  10. 5. Closing the American Frontier Frederick Jackson Turner’s Frontier Thesis at the 1893 World’s Columbian Expo in Chicago

  11. Alaska

  12. “Seward’s Icebox”: 1867 $7.2 million dollars

  13. “Seward’s Folly”: 1867 A “folly” for whom?

  14. Hawaii: "Crossroads of the Pacific"

  15. U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s “commerce follows the missionary” Jos. Strong

  16. U. S. View of Hawaiians Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849 by virtue of economic treaties.

  17. Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii for the Hawaiians!

  18. U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii • 1875 – Reciprocity Treaty • 1890 – McKinley Tariff • 1893 –Americanbusinessmen backed anuprising against Queen Liliuokalani. • Sanford Ballard Doleproclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894.

  19. To The Victor Belongs the Spoils Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898 Not until McKinley was Pres.

  20. Venezuela

  21. British Imperialism in Caribbean • Gold is found on border of Venezuela & British Guiana in 1890s • President Cleveland saw solution to bimetal crisis • Congress pushed for a firm response to Britain.

  22. Monroe Doctrine alive and well • Cleveland Sec. of State Richard Olney reasserts the Monroe Doctrine to GB & suggests arbitration • PM Lord Salisbury rejects Monroe Doctrine & offer • Cleveland all but threatens GB & they submit to arbitration.

  23. Cuba

  24. The Imperialist Taylor

  25. Spanish Misrule in Cuba

  26. Valeriano Weyler’s “Reconcentration” Policy

  27. Cuban Revolutionary Jose Marti • Exiled Cuban journalist who worked tirelessly to bring freedom and democracy to Cuba • Known as the “Apostle of Cuban Independence” • Marti rallied the support of Cuban émigré community in America to pressure the government to come to the aid of the Cubans.

  28. “Yellow Journalism” & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer Hearst to Frederick Remington:“You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war!” William Randolph Hearst

  29. Theodore Roosevelt • Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration. • Imperialist and American nationalist. • Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair! • Resigns his position to fight in Cuba. (not before sending Adm. Dewey from Hong Kong to Manilla Bay on Feb. 25th)

  30. The “Rough Riders”

  31. De Lôme Letter • Dupuy de Lôme, SpanishAmbassador to the U.S. • Criticized PresidentMcKinley as weak and abidder for the admirationof the crowd, besidesbeing a would-be politicianwho tries to leave a dooropen behind himself whilekeeping on good termswith the jingoes of hisparty.

  32. Remember the Maineand to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana

  33. The Spanish-American War (1898):“That Splendid Little War” How prepared was the US for war?

  34. The Philippines

  35. The Spanish-American War (1898):“That Splendid Little War”

  36. Dewey Captures Manila!

  37. Emilio Aguinaldo • Leader of the FilipinoUprising. • July 4, 1946:Philippine independence

  38. William H. Taft, 1stGov. General of the Philippines Great administrator.