America Becomes a Colonial Power. Objective: To discover why the United States was interested in expansion in the late 19 th and early 20 th century. Why did America join the imperialist club at the end of the 19c?. Where in the World can we go??.
join the imperialist
club at the end
of the 19c?
U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908
American Foreign Trade:1870-1914
Alfred T. Mahan The Influence of Sea Power on History: 1660-1783
The White Man’sBurden
The Hierarchyof Race
American Missionariesin China, 1905
Rank in order of importance (most important to least important) the reasons for American expansion in the late 19th century and early 20th century
This is your opinion so be able to justify your reasons
Do you see a
Theme in the
Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s
What is the impression of Hawaiians given in this cartoon?
Sanford Ballard Dole proclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894.Revolution….Hawaiian Style
An empire is born
Hawaii for the Hawaiians!
Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898
Hearst to Frederick Remington:You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war!
William Randolph Hearst
Dupuy de Lôme, SpanishAmbassador to the U.S.
Criticized PresidentMcKinley as weak and abidder for the admirationof the crowd, besidesbeing a would-be politicianwho tries to leave a dooropen behind himself whilekeeping on good termswith the jingoes of hisparty.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration.
Imperialist and American nationalist.
Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair!
Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.
How is this an example of
What would this do to insight
Americans into wanting war?
Name two examples of Yellow
Funeral for Maine victims in Havana
How does the U.S.’s Actions in Hawaii and Cuba relate to the causes for expansion??
How prepared was the US for war?
A face on a mountain is born
Leader of the FilipinoUprising.
July 4, 1946:Philippine independence
Cuba was freed from Spanish rule.
Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island ofGuam.
The U. S. paid Spain$20 mil. for thePhilippines.
The U. S. becomesan imperial power!
Founded in 1899.
Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, WilliamJames, and WilliamJennings Bryan amongthe leaders.
Campaigned against the annexation of thePhilippines and otheracts of imperialism.
Senator Orville Platt
Platt Amendment (1903)
1. Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence.
2. The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient, independent govt.
3. Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval and coaling station.
4. Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt.
1900 - Foraker Act.
1901-1903 the Insular Cases.
1947-vote for their
Stereotypes of the Chinese Immigrant
By 1882 the Chinese were hated enough to be
banned from immigrating; the Chinese Exclusion
Act, initially only a ten year policy, was extended
indefinitely, and made permanent in 1902.
In 1943, China was an important ally of the
United States against Japan,
so the Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed;
however, a lasting impact remained.
The act was both cause and effect: it came
from decades of Chinese discrimination,
and initiated decades of Chinese exclusion.
Oriental [Chinese] Exclusion Act, 1882
Secretary John Hay.
Give all nations equalaccess to trade in China.
Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by any one foreign power.
The Peaceful Harmonious Fists.
“55 Days at Peking.”
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1905
Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power .
TR in Panama(Construction begins in 1904)
Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy
Improve financialopportunities for American businesses.
Use private capital tofurther U. S. interestsoverseas.
Therefore, the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests.
The U. S. shouldbe the conscienceof the world.
Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico and puts Madero in prison where he was murdered.
Many rebels fought against Huerta.
The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz and Huerta fled the country.
Eventually Carranza would gain power in Mexico.
Francisco I Madero
General John J. Pershing with PanchoVilla in 1914.