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World Class Education kean

World Class Education kean

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World Class Education kean

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  1. World Class Educationwww.kean.edu

  2. 1 Praxis ReviewAmerican History Part II Frank J. Wetta, Ph.D. History Department Kean University

  3. 2 Outline of Part II • The Jacksonian Era (1830s) • Sectionalism and Nationalism (1830s -1850s) • American Westward Continental Expansion • Slavery and the Sectional Crisis • The American Civil War (1861-1865) • Reconstruction (1863-1877) • Big Business, Labor, and the Gilded Age • The New Immigration • The Populist Movement • The Progressive Movement • America: The New World Power (1898) • American and the First World War (1917-1919)

  4. “I was born for a storm, and a calm does not suit me.” Andrew Jackson 3 Topic 1 The Jacksonian Era

  5. Popular Image of Jackson Old Hickory the Indian fighter Hero of the Battle of New Orleans Champion of the common man Foe of special interests - “aristocracy” of banks and special privilege Strong, Activist President The Real Jackson? 4

  6. "Andrew Jackson was the first modern president, because he was the first one who asserted that the president was not merely a member of the government's symphony: he was its conductor." Jon Meacham 5

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  8. 7 Major Issuesof the Jacksonian Era • Election of 1824 / “Corrupt Bargain” charge • Revival of a Two-Party System: National Republicans (Whigs) v Democrats / End of the “Era of Good Feelings” • Election of 1828 • Expansion of Democracy • Activist Presidency – the President of US sets the national agenda • Nullification crisis • Spoils System • Election of 1832 • The Bank War • Species Circular / Panic of 1837 • Indian Removal from Southeast (1830-1838)

  9. 8 Presidential Elections The Election of 1824 Four candidates • Wm Crawford (South) • Henry Clay (West) • Andrew Jackson (West) • John Quincy Adams (North)- winner • “corrupt bargain” charge • End of “Era of Good Feelings” Election of 1828 John Quincy Adams v Andrew Jackson– winner Election of 1832 Andrew Jackson–winner v Henry Clay

  10. 9 Pro-Jackson Political Cartoon

  11. Opposition views of Jackson 10 King Andrew Spoils System

  12. 11 Eyewitness Account of “King Mob” at Jackson’s Inauguration Reception, 1829 Such a cortege as followed him! Country men, farmers, gentlemen, mounted and dismounted, boys, women and children, black and white. Carriages, wagons and carts all pursuing him to the President's house. . . . What a scene did we witness [at the White House]! The Majesty of the People had disappeared, and a rabble, a mob, of boys, negros, women, children, scrambling fighting, romping . . . the whole house had been inundated by the rabble mob. . . .”

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  14. 13 Jackson and the Supreme Court Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia • Chief Justice Marshall delivered the opinion of the Court: “This… is brought by the Cherokee Nation, praying an injunction to restrain the state of Georgia from the execution of certain laws of that state, which as is alleged, go directly to annihilate the Cherokees as a political society, and to seize, for the use of Georgia, the lands of the nation which have been assured to them by the United States in solemn treaties repeatedly made and still in force.” Jackson refuses to enforce the Supreme Court Decision “He put the man in Manifest Destiny.” from Bloody, Bloody Andrew Jackson, Broadway Musical, 2010

  15. 14 Selected ReadingsAge of Jackson • Marvin Myers, The Jacksonian Persuasion: Politics and Belief • Robert V. Remini, The Jacksonian Era (American History Series) • Arthur Schlesinger,Jr.,The Age of Jackson • John William Ward, Andrew Jackson: Symbol for an Age