physical geography of u s and canada n.
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Physical Geography of U.S. and Canada. Landforms of the U.S. 5 Different Regions From East to West Coastal Plains Appalachian Mountains Interior Plains Mountains and Basins Pacific Coast. Coastal Plains. What does Coastal mean ? The flat or gently sloping land near a shore. Two areas

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landforms of the u s
Landforms of the U.S.
  • 5 Different Regions
  • From East to West
    • Coastal Plains
    • Appalachian Mountains
    • Interior Plains
    • Mountains and Basins
    • Pacific Coast
coastal plains
Coastal Plains
  • What does Coastal mean?
    • The flat or gently sloping land near a shore.
  • Two areas
  • Atlantic Coastal Plain
  • Gulf Coastal Plain
what is a megalopolis
What is a Megalopolis?

A continuous line of Settlement

appalachian mountains
Appalachian Mountains
  • Over 1,500 miles long
  • From eastern Canada to Alabama
  • Mountains are about 300million years old. (**Notice their shape.)
appalachian trail
Appalachian Trail

Piedmont area is very fertile, good for farming.

In 1937 became a National Scenic Trail

interior plains
Interior Plains

500 miles wide, from Appalachian Mts. To the Rocky Mts.

interior plains1
Interior Plains

Central Lowlands

Great Plains

Western plains

Grassy Pastures, Prairie lands

  • Eastern plains
  • Flatlands, grassy hills, and thick forests
  • Soil is rich in nutrients
mountains and basins
Mountains and Basins

Rocky Mountains

  • Longest mountain range in North America
  • Extends from Alaska to Mexico
  • Formed from Tectonic Plates
mountains and basins1
BasinsMountains and Basins
  • West of the Rocky Mts.
  • Three large plateaus
  • Columbia
  • Great Basin
  • Colorado
    • What is a Plateau?
mountains and basins2
Mountains and Basins


The Great Salt Lake

Why is it called the Great Salt Lake?

the pacific coast1
The Pacific Coast
  • Two mountain ranges
    • Cascade Range
    • Sierra Nevada
      • Nevada means “snow capped”
      • East of the mountain ranges are fertile lands, great for farming
alaska and hawaii
Alaska and Hawaii



Made up of 8 large islands and 120 small islands

Volcanoes erupted and formed the islands

Coral Reefs surround part of the island

  • Mountain ranges surround most of the state
  • Mt. McKinley, the tallest mountain in the U.S. 20,320 feet
  • Borders the Arctic Ocean
landforms of canada
Landforms of Canada
  • Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories.
  • Provinces are political divisions, similar to states in America
  • Nunavut is the newest territory

Created in 1999

Serves as a territory for Canada’s indigenous people

  • Glaciers are giant ice sheets that are slowly moving
  • Glaciers moved across Canada thousands of years ago, and made the landforms that are present today, like mountains and lakes
shield and tundra
Shield and Tundra
  • The Canadian Shield is formed from ice sheets that depressed the land surface and scooped out thousands of lake basins. It carried away much of the region's soil. Drainage is generally very poor on the shield. The southern part of the shield has thick forests while the north is covered with tundra.
  • Tundra is a treeless plain where the soil beneath a few inches is permanently frozen. Located in Canada’s far north.