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NASA Data Center Consolidation. Tony Anania Kennedy Space Center. AFCEA, SunComm 2011. Consolidation Basics. Trend to Data Center consolidation is industry wide Data Center modernizations and consolidation are key initiatives for IT Infrastructure and Operations Managers

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nasa data center consolidation

NASA Data Center Consolidation

Tony Anania

Kennedy Space Center

AFCEA, SunComm 2011

consolidation basics
Consolidation Basics
  • Trend to Data Center consolidation is industry wide
  • Data Center modernizations and consolidation are key initiatives for IT Infrastructure and Operations Managers
  • Data Center Consolidation is the process of physically and logically co-locating computer systems
  • Consolidation aims to reduce overall business costs by optimizing expenditures associated with:
    • Energy Consumption Operational Support
    • Facility Utilization Physical System Security
    • Hardware Utilization System Maintenance
federally mandated work
Federally Mandated Work

Presidential Memorandum – June 2010

“…in order to address the growth of data centers across the Federal Government, agencies shall immediately adopt a policy against expanding data centers beyond current levels, and shall develop plans to consolidate and significantly reduce data centers within 5 years.”

OMB Agency Consolidation Plan - Feb 2010

“…Data Center Consolidation and the Cloud Computing Issue Areas will be government-wide priorities for all agencies beginning in FY2010.” FDCCI

NASA Lori Garver Memo – Aug 2010

“…The objective of this initiative is to reduce the overall cost of data center services by leveraging newer and more efficient technologies, reducing power consumption and consolidating locations to increase space usage densities, and decreasing the real estate footprint of Federal data centers….Mission Directorate Associate Administrators and Center Directors shall direct their staff to cooperate fully and openly with these discussion initiatives.”

NASA OCIO Priorities

Consolidation of Data Centers

  • NASA tasked by OMB to prepare a plan outlining the approach to reduce IT energy consumption by a minimum 30% over

a 3-year period (FY 2010-2012)

Security & Efficiency of Data Centers

  • In April 30, 2010, NASA provided OMB with the list of all data center construction, expansion and/or consolidations activities currently planned or underway as of June 30, 2010, the Agency integrated the approved data center consolidation plan into the

FY 2012 budget

In Sep 2011 NASA updated it’s “Long Term Data Center Consolidation Plan” addressing agency-specific strategic consolidation goals, consolidation approaches, risk management, acquisition strategies, governance, schedules of closures, and planned data center savings

From the new Fed CIO Steven VanRoekel– Oct 2011

"I basically told the team when I came on board that I wanted to scope it so everything is game. We also are expanding the project to more aggressively consolidate our data center footprint. First, we are widening the scope of the project to include even the smallest data center

slide4

NASA’s Data Center

Consolidation Strategy

  • Promote at least one healthy Data Center for each NASA Center
  • Focus on increasing IT efficiency:
    • Fully utilize existing Data Centers for initial consolidation efforts
    • Implement strategic improvements to strengthen health and availability of objective Data Centers
    • Employ best practices
    • Eliminate underutilized facilities, systems and applications
  • Aggressively work to eliminate rouge “server rooms”
slide5

MSFC

ARC

GRC

SSC

MSFC

ARC

GSFC

GRC

SSC

LARC

KSC

GSFC

LARC

DRFC

KSC

JSC

NSSC

JPL

DRFC

HQ

JSC

NSSC

JPL

HQ

NASA’s Data Center Environment

Future State

Initial State

slide6

Future Environment

Public Cloud

When Applicable

NEBULA

Cloud

NEBULA

Cloud

Standard

Data Center Architecture

Consolidated

Data Centers

at Each

Center

6

omb data center consolidation goals
OMB Data Center Consolidation Goals
  • Broad reductions of 10% in each of FY12, FY13 & FY14 in each of the various measurable Data Center areas:
    • Total # of Data Centers
    • Aggregate gross floor area
    • Total number of racks
    • Total number of servers
    • Total energy use
slide8

More than Just Consolidation

  • Consolidation alone will not provide the savings required by future budgets
  • Reshape Data Centers to Gain Full Economies of Scale
  • Colocation may exacerbate, rather than diminish, the cost of technology
  • The Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiatives (FDCCI) should meet the following additional requirements:
    • Tactical: improve energy efficiency, increase utilization and availability, and support disaster recovery
    • Strategic: increase standardization, leverage virtualization and scalability and improve governance
    • Innovative: where appropriate, incorporate cloud services, develop shared-service models and leverage centers of excellence
data center consolidation management
Data Center Consolidation Management
  • NASA established an Program Executive position within OCIO to lead Agency Data Center consolidation efforts
  • NASA established the Agency Data Center Consolidation (ADCC) Project Office at KSC to:
    • Coordinate Data Center consolidation activities
    • Deploy and manage an Agency-wide automated IT discovery and application mapping capability
    • Implement a real-time dashboard to monitor and track NASA Data Center consolidation progress
slide10

Domains of Data Center Consolidation

RESULTS

  • Facility
  • Room/Sq Ft Reduction
  • Energy Reduction

Application

Rationalization

Platform Consolidation

  • Consolidated
  • Data Centers
    • Efficient
    • Reliable
    • Available
  • IT Infrastructure
  • Servers & Storage
    • Reductions
    • Virtualization
    • Cloud Services
data center discovery
Data Center Discovery
  • Semi-manual inventory of server class IT assets Agency-wide
    • Used NASA Property Database (NPROP) to identify servers and network equipment by location and mapped onto GIS floor plans from each Center to identify rooms/facilities that could qualify as potential Data Centers
slide17

Automated IT Asset Discovery

Deployment of an enterprise discovery tool to automate the collection of IT asset data and conduct application mapping

slide18

Data Center Consolidation Dashboard

Mapped Applications

Discovered Servers

Discovered Server Trend

Application Mapping Trend

slide19

Data Center Power

  • Monitoring Service
  • Data center power monitoring and management solution, provided as a hosted on-site Software-as-a-Service (SAAS) offering
  • Provides a web-based mechanism to allow users at NASA facilities to monitor the power consumption at designated NASA data centers
  • Users can view current and historical power consumption data, and generate and export energy consumption and efficiency reports
slide20

CFD Modeling

  • & Analysis

Simulating Cooling Performance of Data Centers

Rack temperature map -

  • Determine and optimize the efficiency of data center cooling system
    • Find additional capacity without modifying cooling infrastructure
  • Faster, more practical and flexible “what-if” analysis for data center modifications than physical testing
      • Show benefits of implementing best practices (hot/cold aisle, blanking panels, etc)
      • Analyze impacts of adding/removing hardware BEFORE implementation and find “best fit”
      • Avoid unforeseen infrastructure modifications as a result of consolidations or other changes

Temperature fog -

Pressure distribution under the raised floor -

application rationalization analysis
Application Rationalization Analysis
  • Identified candidates for consolidation, virtualization and Cloud potential, with focus on current inventory of applications
    • Phase 1 - Identified system level information, utilizing FISMA related security plans information to create a list of systems that have applications that are believed to be candidates for consolidation, virtualization or the cloud
    • Phase 2 - Gathered detailed application level data on potential system identified in Phase 1 to determine if they are candidates for consolidation/virtualization with minimal or significant effort
consolidation timeline
Consolidation Timeline

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2010

21,500

Physical Servers Reduce

10,000

79 Data Centers

54 Data Centers

22 Data Centers

50%

Virtualized Servers Increase

10%

virtualization ratio
Virtualization Ratio
  • Physical Servers Decrease
  • Virtual OS Increase 10% per year

Cloud Services

IaaS

50 %

Physical

Servers

Cloud Services

SaaS

10 %

Virtual

Servers

estimated savings 1 st year
Estimated Savings 1st Year

Work across the Agency to reduce Data Center facility space and IT power consumption

  • Consolidation activities FY11
    • Eliminated 13 Data Centers and 19 rooms (Returned 22,289 sq ft of space)
    • Estimated energy savings of $337,210 per/year
  • Established goals for the next

12 month period

Today

Today

next steps
Next Steps

Continue to aggressively pursuing Data Center Consolidation, local Center participation and support of NASA Mission Directorates is key to success

Work with Centers to develop an Agency long term consolidation plan (through FY2015), to outline how Data Center consolidation will be achieved and to identify any significant budget augmentation or construction efforts necessary

ksc data center consolidation
KSC Data Center Consolidation

Kennedy Data Center

  • Goal: A successfully consolidated Data Center environment
    • Exists in one physical location…ideally (some systems can’t move)
    • Achieves optimization by employing a combination of physical and virtual servers
    • Offers a standard set of defined services (Service Catalog)
    • Provides a trained, dedicated support team
    • Encourages business-wide platform standards for application development
initial state of facilities
Initial Stateof Facilities

(Some require portable generators to be installed)

307 Rooms in 58 Buildings

  • Much Inefficiency
    • Power - Whole Bldg. sections powered 24/7 to accommodate one small room or a few rooms with a server etc
    • Planned facility outages become a major challenge
  • Presently 4 Buildings with significant Data Centers
    • VAB , SSPF, CIF, O&C
  • Many Admin areas in buildings utilized as IT type servers rooms (closets, server under desk etc.)
state of applications
State of Applications

SharePoint

B

Windchill

B

Windchill

A

Windchill

C

Maximo

A

Maximo

B

SharePoint

C

Maximo

C

SharePoint

A

  • Multiple instances of identical or similar applications and systems exist at KSC
    • Duplicate functionality and capabilities across the Center
    • Limited integration between services, systems and applications
objective state
Objective State

Green Data Center

  • All applicable KSC systems consolidated into a single Data Center facility by 2015
    • Infrastructure will support existing systems and be scalable to support new Program and Institutional needs
    • Employ virtualization techniques for maximum optimization (more apps on less hardware)
  • Data Center Capabilities Available as an IT Service
    • In line with OCIO mission “…to increase the productivity of scientists, engineers, and mission support personnel by responsively and efficiently delivering reliable, innovative and secure IT services.”
  • Will achieve this vision while maintaining compliance with existing and future IT initiatives
    • Agency Data Center Consolidation (ADCC)
    • “Cloud First “ philosophy (Migrating appropriate applications offsite)
    • Enterprise Architecture (based upon common standards)
    • “Green IT” (Reduction of carbon footprint)
end state benefits
End StateBenefits
  • To KSC as a whole
    • Cost savings stay on center, where they can be applied to other priorities
    • New mandates are easier to adopt and require fewer resources across the various organizations required to support them
    • World Class Data Center capabilities become a selling point in bringing new business and jobs to KSC
    • Timely consolidation brings us into alignment with mandates from OMB and NASA OCIO
approach
Approach

Discovery

- Where are the systems/applications?- What is their impact on their current facility?

  • What are the systems/applications?
  • What are their consolidation requirements
  • and constraints? Business Case justification?
  • - Housing vs. Hosting

Inventory & Coordination

Analysis

  • What order should the
  • systems move?
  • - When?

Schedule Development

Execution

  • Interim location
  • Final location
approach inventory and coordination
ApproachInventory And Coordination
  • Inventory aggregates existing information and data obtained from system owners to build a baseline
  • Discussion with system owners and IT Relationship Managers to understand the systems and the best options for consolidation (Housing vs. Hosting)
  • Conduct Business Case justification (Cost, Impacts, Risk, Return on Investment)
  • Coordination between IT, Facility Management and customers to determine where/when to move candidate systems and what changes must be made to the existing Kennedy Data Center to accommodate it
  • While there may be impacts the goal is to ensure an efficient move
  • End product is a prioritized list of discovered systems with a coordinated timeframe for consolidation
approach schedule development
ApproachSchedule Development

Refine prioritized list created during Inventory and Coordination

Establish an order for system to move at a high level

Coordinate key milestones for individual moves with stakeholders

Identifies long term growth for new and existing Data Center Facilities

kdcc approach to schedule
KDCC Approach to Schedule

2012

2011

2013

2014

2015

Older established Data Centers

can now be consolidated

C

Shuttle

Post T&R

Server Rooms in Admin Areas

consolidated into KDC

A

New KDC Scalable Facility

can absorb the rest

New Facility under construction

nears completion

Kennedy

Data Center

E

KDC

NEW

KDC

Data Center

A

KDC nears end of life. Major consolidations

will go to new facility

KDC

D

B

Agency

Cloud

(Federal)

Data Center

B

Apps moved

to cloud will be on-going

conclusion
Conclusion

Kennedy Data Center

  • Data Center Consolidation is a required activity that will have a positive impact
    • It saves local operational resources
    • Reduces yearly power usage and frees up floor space
    • Provides a managed and more secure IT environment
    • It enables KSC to address IT mandates more efficiently
    • Facilitates innovation through implementation of new technologies like virtualization and cloud computing