Digital Photography Paul Cheplyakov
Camera Angle • Eye-level • High Angle • Low Angle • Bird’s Eye • Slanted
7 Different Camera Shots • 1) Extreme wide shot • 2) Close up • 3) Cut-in • 4) Weather shot • 5) Noddy shot • 6)Two Shot • 7) Over-the-shoulder shot
Rule for the 3rd • This rule divides the frame into nine sections, as in the first frame below. Points (or lines) of interest should occur at 1/3 or 2/3 of the way up (or across) the frame, rather than in the centre.
3 Different types of Photo’s The wedding one is showing two people getting married. The one with the car shows a car on the grass. The one with the person with the camera shows another man holding a ladies hand that died.
6 components of the camera • Body: A light-tight compartment to house the recording medium (film or CCD). • Lens: A transparent element to focus light rays onto the recording medium. • Aperture: A method of controlling how much light reaches the recording medium. • Shutter: A method of controlling how long the recording medium is exposed to the incoming light. • Viewfinder: A way to see the image that is to be captured. • Transport: In film cameras, a method of moving the film and holding it in the correct position.
5 types of the camera • SLR( Single Lens Reflex): The viewfinder sees the same image as the main lens, i.e. what you see is what you get. SLRs also allow you to change lenses for different purposes. This is a hugely popular type of camera, pretty much the standard for enthusiasts and professionals. • Viewfinder ( Of Range Finder): In this type of camera the viewfinder is separate to the lens. This is common in cheap cameras, although some professional cameras also use this configuration. The main problem with a separate viewfinder is that the image you see may not be quite the same as the image that gets recorded. This limitation is overcome in professional cameras by using viewfinders that compensate for the different positions. Viewfinder cameras do have some advantages; for example, lower noise and higher light levels to the viewfinder. • Twin reflex: The camera has two lenses — one for the photograph and one for the viewfinder. This type of camera has certain advantages in some professional situations. • View: A flexible bellows joins two standards — one with the lens and the other with the viewfinder or film. This allows for unusual types of composition; for example, distorting the shape of the image by skewing the film plane. • Pinhole: A very simple camera without a lens.
Clear about subject • You have to make sure you know exactly what it is you are photographing. You also have a clear subject. For example, if you are photographing a person and you do not like what is going on in the background compose the photo accordingly.
Why do you compose the entire frame? • When taking pictures make sure that if the object is not completely in shot make sure it will still look okay. Some objects don't look good if you can't see the whole thing. At least make sure you see a certain amount.
Why do we use different camera angles? • Its important to use different types of camera angles. It is important because many shots can be given added impact by simple changes in the camera view.
Why should you strive for balance? • If you strive the balance the pictures will come out better. If you don’t the pictures will not look good. That is why when you take a picture make sure to strive.
Why use lines when composing? • You should use lines when composing, like Vertical lines. It emphasize strength, power and height. Horizontal lines emphasize width, stability and security. Diagonal lines have a more dramatic, dynamic effect than vertical and horizontal. Curved lines reflect nature, relaxation, sensuality, etc.