ARABIC 241 THE CONTINUITY OF OLD CLEAVGES Tribe, Village, City
Introduction • Ibn Khaldun and the Arab Society • Badu/Hadar
Transition: stelment of bedouin, rural-urban migration • Formation of new social classes-Uneven Integration among Arab societies
Bedouin life: Bedouins are independents, generous, they have the sens of integrity. • Bedouin social organization: tribe, subtribe, family, nuclear family. • Khuawa (protection money) from weaker tribes
Usually bedouin do not have religious establishment- lack of religious conscience. They have their own customs (‘araf) instead of shari’a. • Bedouin values: solidarity, chivalry, hospitality, individuality, and simplicity. • Asabiyya (cohesion): based on blood and symbiotic ties which based on nasab (kinship).
Peasantry and Village: Until 1950, 75% of Arabs lived in villages. • Village organization: beit or beni is the basic unit among peasants. The extended family structure is based on a web relations centered on land cultivation.
The City: Urbanization of Society • City social Organization • Urban Value Orientations