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Chapter 18 Revolutions of Industrialization 1750-1914 PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 18 Revolutions of Industrialization 1750-1914

Chapter 18 Revolutions of Industrialization 1750-1914

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Chapter 18 Revolutions of Industrialization 1750-1914

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  1. Chapter 18 Revolutions of Industrialization 1750-1914

  2. What major shift took place for the Industrial Revolution to occur?

  3. What major shift took place for the Industrial Revolution to occur?

  4. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution?

  5. YouTube: Andrew Marr's History of the World -- Revolutions (Industrial Revolution - first 8 minutes)

  6. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution?

  7. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution?

  8. Quiz ?8. Which is not a factor leading to the rise of industrial production in Britain? a. Legal protections such a patent laws that protect the interests of investors b. The geographical distribution of coal, iron and timber c. Europe achieved financial and technological advancements such as Free market and cotton textile production long before Asian societies. d. Access to foreign resources aided by its location on the Atlantic Ocean

  9. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution? Why Britain? 1. Geographic Location – water ways and physical separation from the rest of Europe so Britain was not devastated by the Napoleonic wars. 2. Britain had plenty of coal and iron ore, often conveniently located 3. Britain was the most commercialized of Europe’s larger countries a. small farmers had been pushed out (enclosure movement) b. market production fueled by a number of agricultural innovations c. guilds had largely disappeared d. ready supply of industrial workers with few options 4. Improved agricultural productivity – crop rotation, mechanization

  10. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution? 5. A. British political lifeencouraged commercialization and economic innovation (stock markets, insurance, gold standard, corporations) a. unified internal market, thanks to road and canal system b. patent laws protected inventors’ interests c. checks on royal authority gave more room for private enterprise The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith • According to Smith, the most efficient economy was a free-market economy, with little government interference. The “invisible hand” of the market would manage the economy. • When Britain and other nations began to put Smith’s theories into practice, their economies expanded rapidly and vast wealth was created. • Even though economics has changed greatly since his time, it is fair to say that we live in Adam Smith’s world.

  11. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution? 5. A. British political lifeencouraged commercialization and economic innovation (stock markets, insurance, gold standard, corporations) a. unified internal market, thanks to road and canal system b. patent laws protected inventors’ interests c. checks on royal authority gave more room for private enterprise Principles of Political Economy John Stuart Mill • Wealth is the natural end product of labor, but the distribution of wealth is determined by the decisions and the will of actual people (the elite), not simply part of laissez-faire economics. • Mill carries this view quite far, maintaining that human laws and institutions can and should determine how wealth is distributed to maintain the well being of the society.

  12. What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution? 5. B. emphasis of the Scientific Revolution was different in Great Britain the British Royal Society (founded 1660) took the role of promoting “useful knowledge” C. social change was possible without revolution a. policy of religious toleration (established 1688) welcomed people with technical skills regardless of faith b. British government imposed tariffs to protect its businessmen c. it was easy to form companies and forbid workers’ unions

  13. Do Now Question: What was distinctive about Britain that may help to explain its status as the breakthrough point of the Industrial Revolution? 6. British commerce was worldwide

  14. YouTube: CC World History - Industrial Revolution: Coal, Steam, and the IR

  15. What were the effects of the Ind. Rev.? Was industrialization ultimately good for society? “to make the men into machines that cannot err.”

  16. What were the effects of the Ind. Rev.? Was industrialization ultimately good for society?

  17. What were the effects of the Ind. Rev.?Was industrialization ultimately good for society?

  18. Q?7 What were the effects of the Ind. Rev.? How were social structures impacted ? • New global economy impactedways people organized themselves into new social classes: • Aristocracy– Not new but importance and influence as landowners gave way to rising power of middle class.

  19. What were the effects of the Ind. Rev.? How were social structures impacted ? • New global economy impactedways people organized themselves .

  20. What were the effects of the Ind. Rev. ? What were some of the responses to global capitalism? • In Industrialized countries:

  21. Quiz ?6. Which is not a factor leading to the rise of industrial production in Britain? Marxism/Marxist Socialism: Philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which history is based on class struggle. This struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable proletariat (working class) revolt from bourgeois (capital owners) oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society.

  22. Quiz ?9. Which of the following was a reason for the failure of Marxist socialism to take root in the United States? a. lack of labor unions in the United States b. The relatively small number of white-collar workers in the United States c. The alliance of the American Federation of Labor with the Democratic Party d. The typically higher standard of living enjoyed by American workers in comparison to their European counterparts

  23. What were the differences between industrialization in the USA and that in Russia? The United States: Industrialization without Socialism:

  24. What were the differences between industrialization in the USA and that in Russia? The United States: Industrialization without Socialism:

  25. What were the differences between industrialization in the USA and that in Russia? • Russia: Industrialization and Revolution

  26. What were the differences between industrialization in the USA and that in Russia?

  27. What were the differences between industrialization in the USA and that in Russia?

  28. The most profound change in the social structure of Latin America after independence a. the end of violent conflict led by military strongmen known as caudillos. b. the abolition of slavery. c. the rising fortunes of indigenous Indian populations from the export of items such as rubber, fruit, and sugar with Europe and the United States. d. the creation of new legal distinctions between various racial categories.

  29. Antonio Santa Ana

  30. Quiz ?5. Which is not a factor leading to the rise of industrial production in Britain? A long and bloody war from 1911–1920 in which reformers from the middle class joined with workers and peasants to overthrow the dictator and create a new, much more democratic political order. a. Mexican Revolution b. French Revolution c. Russian Revolution d.Spanish Revolution

  31. American Intervention in Latin America:Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary

  32. American Intervention in Latin America

  33. Thesis Practice– Pick one and create a thesis • What was common to the process of industrialization everywhere, and in what ways did that process vary from place to place? • How did the Industrial Revolution transform British society? • What were the differences between industrialization in the United States and that in Russia? • What factors contributed to the making of a revolutionary situation in Russia by the beginning of the 20th century? • Did Latin America follow or diverge from the historical path of Europe during the nineteenth century?