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Informational Meeting. Status of Glades Power Park Air Construction Permit Application April 24, 2007 Moore Haven, Florida. State of Florida Department of Environmental Protection Division of Air Resource Management Bureau of Air Regulation. Overview.

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informational meeting

Informational Meeting

Status of Glades Power Park

Air Construction Permit Application

April 24, 2007

Moore Haven, Florida

State of Florida

Department of Environmental Protection

Division of Air Resource Management

Bureau of Air Regulation

  • Who we are, why we are here, what we do, what we don’t do
  • Overview of the power plant application
  • Overview of the permitting process
  • Questions and comments from the public
who we are why we are here
Who we are;why we are here
  • Florida Department of Environmental Protection’s Division of Air Resource Management
  • We are here to provide information on this proposed project, the permitting process and answer questions you may have
what we do
What we do
  • Evaluate applications for new sources of air pollution to determine if Department rules regarding air pollution would be met
    • Determine Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for the proposed facility
    • Ensure any new source of air pollution would not cause or contribute to a violation of air quality standards
important issues that are outside of our authority
Important issues that are outside of our authority:
  • Determining need for power or type of facility
  • Local zoning decisions
  • Comprehensive plans
  • Other state or federal permits (e.g. water, waste, wetlands)
  • Local ordinances
  • Sewer hookups, building codes, noise
  • We are not the Siting Office
overview of the air permitting process
Overview of the air permitting process
  • Application is required for a proposed facility that will emit air pollution.
  • This application is currently incomplete.
  • Department must determine if the applicant has provided reasonable assurance that the project will not discharge, emit, or cause pollution in contravention of Department air standards or rules.
overview of the air permitting process7
Overview of the air permitting process
  • Department’s determination timeframe
  • About 60 days after completeness
  • Publication of notice in newspaper
  • 14 day timeframe for filing legal challenges
  • 30 day public comment period
    • Request for public meeting
  • Department takes final action
what is the project
What is the project?
  • FPL Glades Power Park
  • A Pulverized Coal-fueled Power Plant
  • Nominal Capacity of 1,960 megawatts
  • Located Northwest of Moore Haven
  • How Does a Power Plant Work? coal.html
air pollution control
Air Pollution Control
  • Low NOX burners for Nitrogen Oxides (NOX)
  • Good Combustion for Carbon Monoxide (CO)
  • Good Combustion - Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)
  • Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) for (NOX)
  • Lime Injection for Sulfur Trioxide (SO3)
  • Fabric Filter Baghouse for Particulate Matter (PM)
  • Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) for Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
  • Wet Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP) - Sulfuric Acid Mist
  • Plus Activated Carbon Injection (ACI) for Mercury (Hg)
  • All For Control of Fine PM, Visibility, Ozone/Smog
air pollution control equipment
Air Pollution Control Equipment
  • 95% HgRemoval
  • 90% HgRemoval

Lime Reagent






Fine PM




Fabric Filter


Flue Gas







Coal & Air






>2500 °F


Fly Ash



Fabric Filter

key emission limits pulverized coal
Key Emission Limits Pulverized Coal*

* Assuming a new 1,960 megawatts (net) Pulverized Coal Plant. New Plant efficiency = 1.2 x Old Plant

** There were no Hg Standards in 1977 Permits. Actual Control was minimal.

compliance monitoring
Compliance Monitoring


Multi-pollutant Readout

  • Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
  • Hg-CEMS with Speciation to Determine Type of Hg
  • CEMS for NOX, CO and SO2
  • Continuous Opacity Monitoring System (COMS)
  • Posting of CEMS/COMS Data on Public Access Site
  • Stack Testing for SAMist, VOC, Fluorides, PM
  • PM Surrogate for PM smaller than 10 microns (PM10)

Ambient Air Quality Analysis

  • Includes, but not limited to:

- Analysis of current air quality and an analysis of future air quality if facility is built.

- In vicinity of the area and any National Parks, sensitive areas within about 180 miles.

  • Analysis must conclude that no National or State Ambient Air Quality Standards will be violated as a result of the proposed project.
existing air quality
Existing Air Quality
  • The State of Florida is in attainment for all criteria pollutants including SO2, Ozone, NOX, PM/PM10 and CO.
  • Existing air quality determined by monitors.
  • Located to characterize:

- Background ambient air quality

- Air quality in populated areas

- Air quality at areas of greatest impact from industrial activities.

monitoring network
Monitoring Network
  • The State has an extensive monitoring network which includes over 200 monitors, 34 counties.
  • Exceeds number of monitors required by the EPA
  • Not all towns or communities have ambient monitors; however, because ambient air quality is monitored throughout the State and represent air quality on urban, micro, middle, neighborhood and regional scales, monitors located in similar areas can be used to predict ambient impacts.
what about cane burning
What about Cane Burning?
  • Sugar Cane Burning produces Particulate Matter.
  • PM Standards are based on 24-hour average, in place to protect public health.
  • Fields that burn in 15-20 minutes have minimal effect on 24-hour average concentrations.
  • The closest PM10 monitor is in Belle Glade.
  • Belle Glade is in county with most burning and is in compliance with Standards.
  • PM monitor in Moore Haven (2003-04) met Air Quality Standards as well.
how will the air i breathe change if glades power plant is constructed
How Will the Air I Breathe Change if Glades Power Plant is Constructed?
  • Air Quality Computer Modeling is used to predict Glades Power Park worst-case impacts for SO2, NOx, PM/PM10 and CO.
  • These results, or pollutant concentrations, are compared to thresholds or levels for which either more modeling is required and/or monitoring is required upon construction.
  • If more modeling is required, other stationary sources of pollution are included in the model.
Modeling Results for Plant Vicinity
  • CO, 3-hour and Annual SO2, Annual PM10 and NOx modeled concentrations were low and did not require additional modeling for the vicinity of the proposed project.
  • Additional modeling was required for 24-hour SO2 and 24-hour PM10.
  • Emissions from other sources were then compared to the background air quality and air quality standards.

To ensure SO2 background data is most conservative – all state monitors were used for the background.

Highest 24-hour

State-wide SO2

2004 – 30% below

2005 – 60% below

2006 - 30% below

modeling results plant vicinity
Modeling Results - Plant Vicinity

*All values in units of micrograms per cubic meter

national parks sensitive areas
National Parks, Sensitive Areas
  • The National Park Service is currently reviewing predicted worst-case impacts to the Everglades, Chassahowitzka, Big Cypress and Biscayne.
  • This includes a review of mercury, deposition and visibility impacts.
  • The National Park Service will determine whether the Glades Power Park will have an adverse impact on the Everglades and Chassahowitzka.
  • If Glades Power Park is permitted:
    • an ambient monitor within 1.5 miles from stack will be required measuring Ozone, PM/PM10, SO2, NO2 and Mercury;
    • an ambient monitor in Moore Haven will be required measuring Fine Particulate;
    • continuous emissions monitoring at the stack will be required measuring Mercury (including all forms), Opacity, NOX, CO, SO2
  • The application is still under review for completeness and a final conclusion has not been reached at this time.
  • The Department continues to review the application in accordance with its rules.