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RUSSIA I (CHAPTER 2: 96-109) PowerPoint Presentation
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RUSSIA I (CHAPTER 2: 96-109)

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RUSSIA I (CHAPTER 2: 96-109)

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  1. RUSSIA I(CHAPTER 2: 96-109)

  2. MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC QUALITIES • IMMENSE TERRITORIAL STATE • NORTHERNMOST LARGE AND POPULOUS COUNTRY IN THE WORLD • A FORMER WORLD COLONIAL POWER • A COMPARITIVELY SMALL (<145 MILLION) AND CONCENTRATED POPULATION • CONCENTRATED DEVELOPMENT • MULTICULTURAL STATE • MINIMAL PORTS

  3. RUSSIA’S DIMENSIONS • SPANS 11 TIME ZONES • GULF OF FINLAND TO ALASKA (WEST TO EAST), AND WELL ABOVE THE ARCTIC CIRCLE TO SALT LAKE CITY (NORTH TO SOUTH) • TWICE THE SIZE OF THE US OR CHINA • SIBERIA: “SLEEPING LAND”

  4. RUSSIA-US SIZE COMPARISON

  5. SIZE, LOCATION AND SPACE RELATIONSHIPS • LATITUDINAL EXTENT • NORTHERNMOST POINT: RUDOLF ISLAND IN FRANZ JOSEPH LAND (82O) • SOUTHERNMOST POINT: GROZNY IN WEST AND VLADIVOSTOK IN EAST (44O) • LONGITUDINAL EXTENT • MORE THAN TWICE ITS MAXIMUM NORTH-SOUTH EXTENT AND EXTENDS THROUGH 11 TIME ZONES • RUSSIA MAKES UP 76.6% OF THE TOTAL TERRITORY OF THE FORMER USSR (17,075,400 KM--ALMOST TWICE THE SIZE OF THE US).

  6. 80º 60º 40º 20º

  7. 80o Arctic Circle Alaska 60o 40o Hawaii LOCATIONAL IMPACT ON RUSSIA’S CLIMATE

  8. CLIMATOLOGY • CLIMATE • AVERAGE WEATHER CONDITIONS FOR A GIVEN AREA OVER AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF TIME • WEATHER • REFERS TO THE ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS AT A SPECIFIC PLACE AND TIME • CLIMATOLOGY • A BRANCH OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY • CONCERNED WITH: • SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT OF CLIMATE OVER THE SURFACE OF THE EARH • PROCESSES WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO THE DISTRIBUTION

  9. RUSSIAN CLIMATE • AFFECTED BY 3 NATURAL CONDITIONS: -- LATITUDINAL POSITION -- CONTINENTAL POSITION -- LOCATION OF MAJOR MOUNTAINS

  10. CLIMATE

  11. VEGETATION

  12. CLIMATE AS A RESTRICTIVE ELEMENT • AGRICULTURE • SHORT GROWING SEASONS • DROUGHT PRONE • EROSION (ACCELERATED VIA SNOW MELT) • SETTLEMENT PATTERNS & TRANSPORTATION • INDUSTRY • HIGH ENERGY CONSUMPTION • SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES • EXTRACTIVE • PERMAFROST • SPRING AND FALL MUD • SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES - $$$

  13. EARLY 16TH CENTURY(IVAN THE TERRIBLE- 1547-1584)

  14. END OF THE 17TH CENTURY(PETER THE GREAT- 1682-1725)

  15. EARLY 20TH CENTURY

  16. GROWTH OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

  17. GROWTH OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

  18. FORWARD CAPITAL Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border, confirms the state’s determination to maintain its presence in the region

  19. RUSSIA’S PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS

  20. PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS • RUSSIAN PLAIN • EASTWARD CONTINUATION OF NORTH EUROPEAN LOWLAND • CORE AREA (MOSCOW BASIN) • URAL MOUNTAINS • 2,000 MILES LONG (NORTH-SOUTH) • YIELD A VARIETY OF MINERALS • WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN • WORLD’S LARGEST UNBROKEN LOWLANDS • PERMAFROST

  21. PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS(continued) • CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU • SPARSELY POPULATED, TEMPERATURE EXTREMES, PERMAFROST • YAKUTSK BASIN • MOUNTAINOUS, HIGH RELIEF • EASTERN HIGHLANDS • RANGES, RIDGES, PRECIPITOUS VALLEYS, VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS, LAKE BAYKAL • CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES • RISE ABOVE THE SNOW LINE, GLACIATED • CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS • EXTENSIONS OF THE ALPINES

  22. RUSSIAN PLAIN

  23. THE URAL MOUNTAINS • NORTH-SOUTH LENGTH COVERS 2500 KMS • HIGHEST POINTS ARE IN THE NORTHERN URALS-2000 METERS IN PLACES • CENTRAL URALS ARE THE LOWEST SECTION AND INCLUDE SEVERAL KEY CROSSING PLACES • SOUTHERN URALS ARE WIDER AND CONSIST OF A NUMBER OF PARALLEL NORTH-SOUTH RIDGES AND INTERVENING VALLEYS • URAL FORESTS AND MINERALS HAVE BEEN THE BASIS FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION AND BOAST AT LEAST TWENTY DIFFERENT COMMERCIALLY USABLE MINERALS.

  24. WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN • THE WORLD’S LARGEST UNBROKEN LOWLAND • INCLUDES THE OB AND IRTYSH RIVER BASIN • PERMAFROST • MAJOR CITIES: • OMSK • NOVOSIBIRSK

  25. CENTRAL SIBERIAN PLATEAU • SPARSELY SETTLED • INACCESSIBLE • RESTRICTIVE CLIMATE • PERMAFROST • NATURAL RESOURCES

  26. EASTERN HIGHLANDS

  27. CENTRAL ASIAN RANGES

  28. CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS

  29. RUSSIA I(CHAPTER 2: 96-109)