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AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND AIRPORTS. Aerospace Dimensions Module 2. AEROSPACE DIMENSIONS AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND AIRPORTS MODULE 2. Chapter 1 - Airplane Systems After completion of this chapter, you should be able to: Explain how a reciprocating engine operates.

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slide1

AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

AND AIRPORTS

Aerospace Dimensions

Module 2

aerospace dimensions aircraft systems and airports module 2
AEROSPACE DIMENSIONSAIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND AIRPORTSMODULE 2

Chapter 1 -

Airplane Systems

After completion of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Explain how a reciprocating engine operates.
  • Identify parts of the airplane engine when viewed externally.
  • Explain how a jet engine operates.
  • Identify basic cockpit-mounted powerplant controls.
  • Identify basic flight instruments.
airplane systems important terms speaking the language of airplane systems
AIRPLANE SYSTEMSIMPORTANT TERMS - Speaking The Language of Airplane Systems
  • powerplant- a term which applies to the airplane's engine and its accessories.
  • reciprocating- a type of engine that processes air and fuel by a back and forth movement of its internal parts.
  • cycle- a recurring series of events. The airplane engine has four cycles, intake, compression, power and exhaust.
  • combustion- the chemical process of burning.
  • combustion chamber- an enclosed container in which fuel and air are burned for the production of energy.
airplane systems important terms speaking the language of airplane systems1
AIRPLANE SYSTEMSIMPORTANT TERMS - Speaking The Language of Airplane Systems
  • stroke-in the example of an airplane engine, it is the movement of the piston, within the combustion chamber, to its limits.
  • compression- the act of making a given volume of gas smaller.
  • Stoichiometric - a ratio of fuel to air in which, upon combustion, all of the fuel is burned. In energy terms, it is 15 parts air to 1 part gasoline.
  • rich mixture- a mixture of gasoline and air in which there is more gasoline and less air than needed for normal combustion.
airplane systems important terms speaking the language of airplane systems2
AIRPLANE SYSTEMSIMPORTANT TERMS - Speaking The Language of Airplane Systems
  • lean mixture- a mixture of gasoline and air in which there is less fuel and more air.
  • fuel- a chemical substance which is used as a source of energy. Aircraft fuels include gasoline, kerosene and propane.
  • meter/ metering- In terms of fuel for an engine, this is the process of allowing a precise amount of fuel to pass. An example would be a passageway that allows only so many molecules of gasoline to pass in a given unit of time.
inside of engine
Inside of Engine

http://auto.howstuffworks.com/engine2.htm

types of engines
Types of Engines

Engine Videos: 1 2 3

review questions
Review Questions

1. Cylinders in small aircraft engines are most often arranged

a. Like a "L."

b. In an "X" configuration.

c. In a "T" configuration.

d. In a horizontally-opposed configuration.

2. When fossil fuels are used to create thrust, it is

a. The process of converting mechanical energy into chemical energy.

b. The process of converting chemical energy into mechanical energy.

c. Bernoulli's principle.

d. Newton's first law of creation.

review questions1
Review Questions

3. Which engine does not require atmospheric air?

a. Reciprocating

b. Jet

c. Rocket

d. Gyro

4. Which of the following engine components uses Bernoulli's principle?

a. An alternator

b. A carburetor

c. A magneto

d. A piston

review questions2
Review Questions

5. What instrument uses the principle of a gyroscope for operation? (Select the most right answer)

a. Altimeter

b. Attitude indicator

c. Heading indicator

d. Both b and c are correct.

6. Under standard conditions, a parcel of air, one square inch and 50 miles tall, weighs

a. 29.92 pounds

b. 1013.2 grams

c. 14.7 pounds

d. None of the above are correct.