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Terrorism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Terrorism. Defining Terrorism. Random/surprise use of violence Against civilians/innocents By non-state actors For political ends Audrey Kurth Cronin (2002/3). Types of Terrorism. Left Wing Shining Path; Tupac Amaru Right Wing Ku Klux Klan; neo-Nazis Ethnonationalist/separatist

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Presentation Transcript
defining terrorism
Defining Terrorism
  • Random/surprise use of violence
  • Against civilians/innocents
  • By non-state actors
  • For political ends
    • Audrey Kurth Cronin (2002/3)
types of terrorism
Types of Terrorism
  • Left Wing
    • Shining Path; Tupac Amaru
  • Right Wing
    • Ku Klux Klan; neo-Nazis
  • Ethnonationalist/separatist
    • Tamil Tigers; Basque Separatist Party
  • Religious/ “sacred”
    • Al-Qaeda; Hezbollah (Party of God); Hamas;
types of terrorism1
Types of Terrorism
  • Domestic
    • Right wing organization, anarchists, IRA, Basque separatists;
    • Separatist movements with transnational ties
  • International
    • Al-Qaeda; Hezbollah; Jemaah Islamiyah
terrorism 2001
Terrorism, 2001

Source: US Department of State; http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pgtrpt/2001/html/10273.htm

terrorism 2000
Terrorism, 2000

Source: US Department of State; http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900LargeMaps/SKAR-64GDMJ?OpenDocument

trends in terrorism
Trends in Terrorism
  • Decrease in left-wing terrorism
  • Decreased incidence of terror attacks: 1980s: 543/year; 1990s: 382/year
  • Increase in religious terrorism
  • Increased targeting of the US
  • Increased lethality per attack
  • Increased incidence of suicide bombings

Source: Cronin 2002/03

causes of terrorism
Causes of Terrorism
  • Cultural backlash against globalization
  • Poverty
  • Imperialism and injustice
  • Succession/self-determination
responses to terrorism
Responses to Terrorism
  • Law enforcement: homeland security
  • War on terror: international preemption
  • Concessions?
  • Demographic separation?