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Parts of Speech. Review. Relative Pronouns. Relative Pronouns. Who. Relative Pronouns. Who Whom. Relative Pronouns. Who Whom Whose. Relative Pronouns. Who Whom Whose Which. Relative Pronouns. Who Whom Whose Which That. Relative Pronouns. Who Whom Which That.

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relative pronouns6
Relative Pronouns
  • Who
  • Whom
  • Whose
relative pronouns7
Relative Pronouns
  • Who
  • Whom
  • Whose
  • Which
relative pronouns8
Relative Pronouns
  • Who
  • Whom
  • Whose
  • Which
  • That
relative pronouns9
Relative Pronouns
  • Who
  • Whom
  • Which
  • That
relative pronouns10
Relative Pronouns
  • Who
  • Whom
  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • Which
  • That
relative pronouns11
Relative Pronouns

PEOPLE

  • Who
  • Whom
  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • Which
  • That
relative pronouns12
Relative Pronouns

PEOPLE

ANIMALS WITH NAMES

  • Who
  • Whom
  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • Which
  • That
animals with names15
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

Barbaro, the horse that won the Kentucky Derby, had to be put down.

animals with names16
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

Barbaro, the horse who won the Kentucky Derby, had to be put down.

animals with names17
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

Barbaro, the horse who won the Kentucky Derby, had to be put down.

The wild horses who roamed the prairies were as fast as the wind.

animals with names18
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

Barbaro, the horse who won the Kentucky Derby, had to be put down.

The wild horses that roamed the prairies were as fast as the wind.

animals with names19
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

The dog who barked all night kept me awake.

animals with names20
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

The dog that barked all night kept me awake.

animals with names21
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

The dog that barked all night kept me awake.

Lassie was the dog that saved her master.

animals with names22
ANIMALS WITH NAMES

The dog that barked all night kept me awake.

Lassie was the dog who saved her master.

relative pronouns23
Relative Pronouns

PEOPLE

ANIMALS WITH NAMES

  • Who
  • Whom
  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • Which
  • That
relative pronouns24
Relative Pronouns

PEOPLE

ANIMALS WITH NAMES

  • Who
  • Whom
  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • Which
  • That

THINGS

relative pronouns25
Relative Pronouns
  • Who
  • Whom
  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
relative pronouns26
Relative Pronouns
  • Who serves as the subject of the relative clause.
  • Whom serves as indirect object, direct object or object of the preposition.
relative pronouns27
Relative Pronouns
  • Who serves as the subject of the relative clause.
  • Whom serves as indirect object, direct object or object of the preposition.
relative pronouns29
Relative Pronouns
  • MEMORY TIP
    • Follow the m.
relative pronouns30
Relative Pronouns
  • MEMORY TIP
    • Follow the m.
    • Whom:them:him (her).
    • Ask the question in the clause.
relative pronouns31
Relative Pronouns
  • MEMORY TIP
    • Follow the m.
    • Whom:them:him (her).
    • Ask the question in the clause.
    • If the answer would be him (her) or them, then you use whom.
relative pronouns32
Relative Pronouns
  • The Oshkosh children whom police said were locked out of their house were taken to a shelter.
relative pronouns33
Relative Pronouns
  • The Oshkosh children whom police said were locked out of their house were taken to a shelter.
  • Whom were locked away?
relative pronouns34
Relative Pronouns
  • The Oshkosh children whom police said were locked out of their house were taken to a shelter.
  • Whom were locked away?
  • Them were locked away.
relative pronouns35
Relative Pronouns
  • The Oshkosh children whom police said were locked out of their house were taken to a shelter.
  • Whom were locked away?
  • Them were locked away. NOT.
relative pronouns36
Relative Pronouns
  • The Oshkosh children who police said were locked out of their house were taken to a shelter.
  • Whom were locked away?
  • Them were locked away. NOT.
relative pronouns37
Relative Pronouns

A prize was given to the student whom was deemed most deserving.

relative pronouns38
Relative Pronouns

A prize was given to the student whom was deemed most deserving.

Whom was deemed most deserving?

relative pronouns39
Relative Pronouns

A prize was given to the student whom was deemed most deserving.

Whom was deemed most deserving?

Him was deemed most deserving.

relative pronouns40
Relative Pronouns

A prize was given to the student whom was deemed most deserving.

Whom was deemed most deserving?

Him was deemed most deserving. NOT.

relative pronouns41
Relative Pronouns

A prize was given to the student who was deemed most deserving.

Whom was deemed most deserving?

Him was deemed most deserving. NOT.

relative pronouns42
Relative Pronouns

The man whom the woman said raped her was described as tall and skinny.

relative pronouns43
Relative Pronouns

The man whom the woman said raped her was described as tall and skinny.

Whom raped her?

relative pronouns44
Relative Pronouns

The man whom the woman said raped her was described as tall and skinny.

Whom raped her?

Him raped the woman. NOT.

relative pronouns45
Relative Pronouns

The man who the woman said raped her was described as tall and skinny.

Whom raped her?

Him raped the woman. NOT.

going on a which hunt47
Going on a which hunt
  • The house that is painted pink has just been sold.
  • The house, which is painted pink, has just been sold.
going on a which hunt48
Going on a which hunt
  • The cup that he stepped on is in the trash.
  • The cup, which he stepped on, is in the trash.
essential clause
Essential clause
  • Essential to identify which one you are referring to.
  • Needs to be close—so no comma.
  • Introduced by “that.”
nonessential clause
Nonessential clause
  • Not essential to identify which one you are referring to.
  • A “by the way” piece of information.
  • Need not be close—so commas.
  • Introduced by “which.”
memory trick52
Memory trick
  • Use that to tell which …
memory trick53
Memory trick
  • Use that to tell which …

(to specify one of many)

memory trick54
Memory trick
  • Use that to tell which …

(to specify one of many)

And which to tell that

memory trick55
Memory trick
  • Use that to tell which …

(to specify one of many)

  • And which to tell that

(simply providing more info)

who who
‘who’ & ‘, who’
  • Relative clauses introduced by who may also be either essential or nonessential.
  • The doctor who performed the operation was very kind.
  • The doctor, who performed the operation, was very kind.
what s wrong
What’s wrong?
  • The Hall of Fame player that I most admired was on the Baltimore Colts.
what s wrong58
What’s wrong?
  • The book which she dropped on the ground was called “Grammar for Dummies.”
what s wrong59
What’s wrong?
  • The car which caused the accident was chased by the police.