French Cinema. Past and present. Outline. Introduction Part I. The birth of cinema Part II. The classics Part III. The 7 th art in the 21 th century Conclusion References. Introduction.
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Until World War I, European filmmakers dominated the world film market. France was considered the leading film-producing country
U.S. companies soon took over markets overseas, using the same tactics of high-volume production and lower prices that the Europeans had. By the 1920s some three-quarters of films screened around the world came from the United States
France, though no longer dominant, remained a center for theorizing about cinema and producing innovative and experimental works
New artistic movements like surrealism, poetic realism and nouvelle vague (new wave), brought new concepts to filmmaking and revitalized the role of France as a leader in world cinema culture
Georges Melies (1861-1938), professional magician, first saw the new "moving pictures" in 1895; Melies made over 500 films, but his most famous -- Voyage dans la lune, Le (1902) (Voyage to the Moon); father of special effects in the movies
Cocteau, Jean (1889-1963), French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, and filmmaker. La belle et la bête(Beauty and the Beast, 1946), Orphée (1950), and Les enfants terribles (1950)
Malle, Louis (1932-1995), French director of influential and often controversial motion pictures Zazie dans le Métro (Zazie, 1960); Le Souffle au Coeur (A Murmur of the Heart, 1971); Au Revoir, les Enfants(Goodbye, Children)
Truffaut, François (1932-1984), French motion-picture director and critic, a leader of the nouvelle vague (new wave); 400 Blows (1959), The Last Metro (1980)
Renoir, Jean (1894-1979), French actor and motion-picture director, one of the master filmmakers of world cinema, son of impressionist painter Pierre Auguste Renoir; Nana (1926), Madame Bovary (1934), Grand Illusion(1937)
From the time it was set up in 1895, Gaumont, the oldest of the motion picture companies, began filming current events
Pathé, leading independent film producer in Europe,
Universal Pictures, part of Vivendi Universal.
Studio Canal, part of Vivendi Universal. Production of feature films; co-produces or acquires such European or American feature films as "Irreversible", "All or Nothing", "The Adversary", "The Pianist", "The Others", "Gosford Park", In the Bedroom"...
Contemporary French cinema is rich and varied. It can be strong and violent or gentle and subtle
Every year, in May, during two weeks, the International Film Festival takes place in Cannes, a city in the south of France, chosen for its sunshine and beautiful scenery
This event is considered the most prestigious in the world, not only proposes film screenings, but also numerous cultural and artistic activities
Info about 10 French movies on Internet: La Beaute du Diable, Le grand Bleu,Sept ans au Tibet, Ridicule, Le Nom de la Rose, Indochine, Cyrano de Bergerac, Le Cinquieme Element, Amelie Poulin, Le Pacte des Loups)