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Observations on Community Efforts to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact. Lessons Learned!. 5th Annual DMC Resource Center & Minority Youth and Families Initiative Conference Des Moines, Iowa November 30, 2006. What Have We Tried?. Studies Task Forces DMC Committees DMC Plans

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observations on community efforts to reduce disproportionate minority contact

Observations on Community Efforts to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact

Lessons Learned!

5th Annual DMC Resource Center & Minority Youth and Families Initiative Conference

Des Moines, Iowa

November 30, 2006

what have we tried
What Have We Tried?
  • Studies
  • Task Forces
  • DMC Committees
  • DMC Plans
  • Funding for Programs
  • Cultural Diversity Training
  • Detention Alternatives
what are we trying now
What Are We Trying Now?
  • Studies
  • Task Forces
  • DMC Committees
  • DMC Plans
  • Funding for Programs
  • Cultural Diversity Training
  • Detention Alternatives
  • Targeted & Intentional Efforts to Reduce DMC
avenues for addressing dmc
Avenues for Addressing DMC
  • Direct Services
  • Training and Education
  • Systems Change
common approaches to addressing dmc
Common Approaches to Addressing DMC
  • Direct Services
    • Prevention
    • Diversion
    • Alternatives to Secure Confinement
    • Advocacy
common approaches to addressing dmc6
Common Approaches to Addressing DMC
  • Training and Education
    • Cultural Awareness/Competency
      • Law Enforcement
      • Intake Officers
      • Probation Officers
      • Prosecutors
      • Public Defenders
      • Judges
    • Community Awareness
      • News Articles
      • Reports
      • Conferences
      • Presentations
      • Public Hearings
common approaches to addressing dmc7
Common Approaches to Addressing DMC
  • Systems Change
    • Cultural
      • Diversification of system personnel
    • Policy & Procedure
      • Screening criteria
      • Diversion services (eligibility)
      • Detention admissions
    • Legislative
    • Advocacy
common pitfalls
Common Pitfalls
  • Communities often get sidetracked by things they have no control over
  • The sensitivity of “race” keeps people from having open and honest discussions about DMC
  • Well intentioned programs are funded and implemented and merely widen the net
  • A full-time problem is approached with a part-time effort
slide9
Lessons Learned from the Casey JDAI sites:
  • Without a commitment to juvenile detention reform in general, reducing racial disparities is unlikely
  • An explicit focus on reducing racial disparities is essential
  • Reducing racial disparities requires authoritative leadership
  • Define the problem in terms that can be changed
slide10
Lessons Learned from the Casey JDAI sites:
  • Emphasize action, not just discussion or training
  • Broad, diverse coalitions can facilitate DMC reduction
  • Individual agencies can make a difference
  • Keep Police in the work
  • Data really helps
  • It IS possible to reduce racial disparities in juvenile detention
reducing dmc requires targeted planning
Reducing DMC Requires Targeted Planning

At-Risk Youth

Higher Risk/Need Youth

Offenders

Detention

DMC

Secure Confinement

the context for dmc planning
The Context for DMC Planning

Social Conditions

SocialPolicies

Justice Policies

JJ Practices

DMC

keys to reducing dmc
Keys to Reducing DMC
  • Leadership
  • Data
  • Support
  • Detention Reform
  • Focus on Reducing Racial Disparity
  • Risk Assessment/Detention Screening
  • Dealing with Special Populations
keys to reducing dmc14
Keys to Reducing DMC
  • Minority Community Involvement/Leadership
  • Consumer Participation
  • Problem Solving, not Blame Placing
  • Take Both a Short and Long View
  • Define Success and Think about Monitoring and Evaluation from the Beginning
  • Find Friends – Integration with other Initiatives
defining success
Defining Success
  • It’s not enough to just feel good about what we are doing.
  • What will define success for us?
  • What do we want to change as a result of our efforts?
  • Can we really be “successful” unless we reduce DMC?
what have we learned
What Have We Learned?
  • We can improve policies and practices and still not reduce DMC
  • We can improve cultural awareness and still not reduce DMC
  • We can have great intentions and still not reduce DMC
  • We can become overwhelmed by the depth and the scope of DMC
what have we learned17
What Have We Learned?
  • Individual organizations can make a difference
  • Consumers (those most affected) can be a power part of the solution
  • An explicit focus on reducing racial disparities is essential
  • The problem must be defined in terms that can be changed
  • We can reduce DMC
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