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Ohio’s Strategies to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System. Ohio Department of Youth Services Parole and Community Services David Schroot, Deputy Director June 20, 2008. Agenda. DMC and the Federal Requirements Federal DMC Process

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ohio s strategies to reduce disproportionate minority contact in the juvenile justice system

Ohio’s Strategies to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System

Ohio Department of Youth Services

Parole and Community Services

David Schroot, Deputy Director

June 20, 2008

agenda
Agenda
  • DMC and the Federal Requirements
  • Federal DMC Process
  • Ohio’s DMC Initiative
  • Ohio Rates and Data
  • Cuyahoga County’s DMC Initiative
  • Questions and Answers
what is dmc
What is DMC
  • Disproportionate Minority Contact
    • A condition that exists when minority youth have a rate of contact with law enforcement and the juvenile justice system greater than their proportion in the general population
federal requirement
Federal Requirement
  • The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention requires that states receiving Title II funding address DMC—states must:
    • “address juvenile delinquency prevention efforts and system improvement efforts designed to reduce, without establishing or requiring numerical standards or quotas, the disproportionate number of juvenile members of minority groups, who come into contact with the juvenile justice system”
slide6
Identification
  • DMC Decision Points:
      • Juvenile arrests
      • Referrals to juvenile court
      • Cases diverted
      • Cases involving secure detention
      • Cases petitioned (charge filed)
      • Cases adjudicated delinquent
      • Cases resulting in probation placement
      • Cases resulting in confinement to secure JCF
      • Cases transferred to adult court
slide7
Identification and Assessment
  • Since 2004, Ohio has collected data to identify disparities across the decision points
  • Counties teams are currently conducting assessments of the data to determine who, what, when, where, and why disparities exist
ohio s dmc initiative
Ohio’s DMC Initiative
  • The purpose of Ohio’s initiative is to reduce overrepresentation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system through the development and implementation of a model of community capacity building and systems change to address issues around DMC
  • The 14 Counties selected to participate in DMC represent 86.91% of the minority youth population ages 10 – 17, in the State of Ohio
ohio s dmc initiative participating counties
Ohio’s DMC InitiativeParticipating Counties

Allen

Butler

Clark

Cuyahoga

Franklin

Hamilton

Lorain

Lucas

Mahoning

Montgomery

Richland

Stark

Summit

Trumbull

ohio s dmc initiative1
Ohio’s DMC Initiative
  • August 2007
    • Kicked off the first DMC Institute with OSU, CLEX
      • 100+ participants from all 14 counties
      • Overview of DMC Process
  • September 2007
    • DYS allocated approximately $700,000 to the 14 counties to begin assessments and for possible interventions
  • November 2007
    • Cultural competency Institute conducted by Michael Lindsey of Nestor Consulting
ohio s dmc initiative2
Ohio’s DMC Initiative
  • February 2008
    • Institute on DMC Reduction Strategies
      • Center for Children’s Law and Policy
      • Annie E. Casey Foundation
      • Children’s Home Association of Illinois
      • West Virginia Supreme Court
  • May 2008
    • Held an Institute on monitoring and evaluation
      • Developing logic models
      • Developing outcomes based on assessment results
ohio s dmc initiative3
Ohio’s DMC Initiative
  • Future Institutes and Activities
    • June 27,2008—Institute on sustaining DMC locally
      • Continuing beyond the State’s DMC
      • Increasing/building community capacity
      • DMC as part of a community strategic plan
    • September 26,2008—Counties will participate in a presentation event showcasing their accomplishments
    • Title II funding earmarked for DMC reduction activities
    • OSU will continue to provide training and technical assistance (Institutes) in year 2 of the DMC Initiative
ohio rates and data
Ohio Rates and Data
  • 84.1% of Ohio’s youth population is Caucasian
  • 36.8% of DYS’ population is Caucasian
  • 15.9% of Ohio’s youth population is African American
  • 60.1% of DYS’ population is African American
  • 2.9% of Ohio’s youth population is Hispanic
  • 2.5% of DYS’ population is Hispanic
ohio rates and data total admissions to dys
Ohio Rates and Data Total Admissions to DYS

Comparing 1999 to 2007, admissions are down by 19.2%

ohio rates and data dys admissions by race
Ohio Rates and Data DYS Admissions by Race

Comparing 1999 to 2007, white admissions are down by 40% and non-white admissions are up by 1.2%

cuyahoga county dmc
Cuyahoga County DMC
  • Cuyahoga County is 28% minority
  • Cleveland City is 57% minority
  • DMC Activities
    • Juvenile Court has submitted data to identify DMC
    • Law enforcement has submitted arrest data
    • County has formed a team to facilitate DMC process locally
    • Department of Justice Affairs is participating in DMC Initiative
    • Kent State University is conducting an assessment to determine who, what, when, where, and why
    • Title II funding will be dedicated to DMC reduction activities
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