Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease By Livia Tiba, Halosense.com
Glossary • What is COPD? • Overview • Causes of COPD • Symptoms of COPD • Difference between COPD & Asthma • Diagnostic Test for COPD • Prevention • Contact Us
What is COPD ? COPD is a long-term lung disease. It is defined by poor airflow in the lungs, often caused by smoking. The persistent poor airflow in COPD is a result of the breakdown of the lung tissue so that the small airways are not able to work properly. As a result shortness of breath (breathlessness) is the main symptom, persistent cough, accumulation of green sputum or mucus/phlegm in the lungs and tiredness (fatigue). these symptoms are an indication that the lungs are not functioning properly.
Most Causes of COPD • Smoking • Tobacco smoke • Air pollution & • Chemical/Toxic Fumes
Symptoms of COPD • Wheezing • Coughing • Chest Infection • Chest Tightness • Shortness of breath • Sputum Production • Others like Weight loss, tiredness, ankle swelling
Management in COPD • Quitting Smoking • Inhaled Bronchodilators • Long-Term Oxygen Therapy • Lung Transplantation
Difference between COPD and Asthma • In COPD there is permanent damage to the airways. The narrowed airways are fixed, and so symptoms are chronic. Treatment to open up the airways, is therefore limited. • In Asthma there is inflammation in the airways which makes the muscles in the airways constrict. This causes the airways to narrow. The symptoms tends to come and go and vary in severity from time to time. • COPD is more likely than Asthma to cause a chronic cough with sputum.
Prevention of COPD Home salt therapy – exposure to aerosol salt therapy has shown significant positive results in COPD, based on the anti-inflammatory and mukolytic effects of salt.1 Long and continuous exposure to salt therapy, every night for 7-8 hours at least, has been proved to be highly effective in improving breathing and reducing coughing.
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