Type 1 and 2 Diabetes “The Greatest Wealth is Health!” A PowerPoint that provides information, descriptions, and attributes of Type 1 and 2 Diabetes By: Eugene, Liz, Scout, and Betoya
What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a disease where the body fails to properly produce or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that turns sugars and other foods into another form or energy that can be used by the cells that make up the entire body.
Forms of Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes: -When the body can not produce insulin, which is a hormone that causes the cells to absorb glucose for fuel. -About 5-10% of people have type one diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes -This is when the body manages to produce insulin but fails to use it properly. There are other kinds of diabetes too, like gestational which occurs only in pregnant women who’s bodies that struggle to compensate for both the baby and herself. and pre-diabetes that is a minor version of type 2 diabetes.
Causes • Doctors believe that diabetes can come from genetics, environment conditions, obesity and lack of exercise can cause diabetes to develop. About 20.8 million children and adults in the United States or 7% of the population have diabetes. About 14.6 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, but 6.2 million people are unaware that they have the disease.
Type 2 Diabetes -Those with low activity level, excess body weight, hypertension, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and history of gestational diabetes in family. -More common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. At Risk? Type 1 Diabetes -Usually diagnosed in children and young adults. -History of Type 1 Diabetes in family. -Viral infections such as rubella and mumps are associated with the development of diabetes.
I: Increased thirst and urination Increased appetite Fatigue Blurred vision Frequent/slow healing infections II: Dry skin Skin ulcers Numbness in hand and feet Weight loss, weight gain Dehydration Blurred vision SYMPTOMS:
Statistics Concerning Diabetes Diabetes affects an estimated 15.7 million people in the United States (90 to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes) - 10.3 million have been diagnosed, but 5.4 million are unaware they have the disease. Those affected include: 8.1 million women (8.2 percent of all women). 7.5 million men (8.2 percent of all men). 123,000 children under age 20. 6.3 million adults over age 65 (18.4 percent of the US population). 2.3 million African-Americans (10.8 percent of all African-Americans) 1.2 million Mexican Americans (10.6 percent of all Mexican Americans). 11.3 million Caucasian Americans (7.8 percent of all Caucasian Americans)
More Statistics Concerning Diabetes for African Americans • 10.8 percent of all non-Hispanic blacks (2.3 million) have diabetes. • African-Americans also are more likely to suffer from higher incidences of diabetes complications and disability. • African-Americans are more likely to undergo lower-extremity amputations than Caucasian or Hispanic Americans. • African-Americans with diabetes are four times more likely to suffer end-stage renal disease from diabetes than diabetic Caucasian Americans. • African-Americans have a 40 to 50 percent higher risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, partly because this population also has a higher rate of hypertension.
More Important information • Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in 2006, and the sixth leading cause of death from disease. • Diabetes contributed to 193,140 deaths in 2006 • The goals of diabetes treatment are to keep blood glucose within normal range and to prevent long-term complications • Exercise can help keep weight and diabetes under control • When diet and exercise alone can't control diabetes, two other kinds of treatment are available: oral diabetes medications and insulin.
5) Give one stat concerning Diabetes 1)What is diabetes? 2)What’s the cause of diabetes? 4) What are some symptoms of Diabetes 3)Why is increased hunger a symptom of type 1 diabetes?
References • American Diabetes Associationwww.diabetes.org • American Association of Diabetes Educatorswww.aadenet.org • Webmd.com